• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

An Investigation to Determine the Effect of the Amount of Light Available on Rate of Photosynthesis in Pondweed.

Extracts from this document...


An Investigation to Determine the Effect of the Amount of Light Available on Rate of Photosynthesis in Pondweed Aim To determine to what extent the amount of light available to pondweed affects the rate of photosynthesis. Prediction I predict that as the amount of light increases the rate of photosynthesis will increase, however, above a certain level of light, other limiting factors such as heat, carbon dioxide and available nutrients will stop photosynthesis occurring any faster, and unless these other factors are made more available, increase in light will make no difference. If light is decreased from a natural level, photosynthesis would slow and eventually stop because the equation for photosynthesis is not complete without any energy from light. Equipment Measuring Cylinder Water Pondweed Funnel Beaker Lamp Diagram Plan Firstly, a beaker will be taken and filled with water as close to room temperature as possible, to prevent the temperature from changing during the experiment, then a 5cm piece of pondweed will be laid at the bottom of the beaker. ...read more.


The pondweed should also not be allowed to move during the experiment or changing of equipment at all, because if it drifts or rotates, a different surface are could be exposed to the light, affecting the result. Each test should be timed and last for 10 minutes, at the end of the 10 minutes the volume of oxygen is measured using the reading on the measuring cylinder and recorded. Fair Test All of the possible variables in the experiment will be kept constant apart from the distance of the beaker from the light which we are testing, in this way test conditions will remain the same throughout the experiment. Variables Unfortunately there will be several unavoidable variables in the experiment beyond our control, but they should not make a significant impact on the experiment's results, these include the ambient light within the classroom changing as time goes by, and the room temperature of the classroom may change slightly. Other than those, the following variables are controlled and kept constant, apart from distance of lamp. ...read more.


Distance of the light from the beaker Control (No lamp) 50cm 40cm 30cm 20cm 10cm Number of bubbles given off Results These were the results gathered from the experiment These results are also shown on a separate graph Analysis / Conclusion The experiment showed my prediction to be correct, however it did not show my predicted stop of light making any effect on the speed of photosynthesis, this may be because the light was never intense enough to prevent it being a limiting factor during the experiment. The graph shows a steady increase in rate of photosynthesis, according to oxygen given off, as the light is brought closer to the beaker, and therefore a positive correlation between the rate of photosynthesis and the intensity of light absorbed by the plant, and ultimately that light is a limiting factor in photosynthesis. The conclusion can also be drawn that as, during the control, no bubbles were given off and therefore photosynthesis was taking place either very slowly or not at all, it is reasonable to assume then that with no light at all present, photosynthesis could not occur, despite heat and carbon dioxide being available. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Green Plants as Organisms section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Green Plants as Organisms essays

  1. Marked by a teacher


    4 star(s)

    3.5 2 6 5 1 8.5 TOTAL (RIFFLE): 3.5 + 7 + 11 + 8.5 + 12 + 10 = 52 TOTAL (POOL) : 3.5 + 2 + 6 + 5 + 1 + 8.5 = 26 I then had to calculate the U values (U1 & U2)

  2. Marked by a teacher

    An investigation into the effect of a germination inhibitor on the germination of seeds.

    3 star(s)

    Tomato Inhibitor Concentration (%) 0 10 25 50 75 100 Observed (O) 47 45 20 2 0 0 Expected (E) 19 19 19 19 19 19 D =O - E 28 26 1 -17 -19 -19 D2 = (O

  1. Investigating the effect of temperature on the rate of photosynthesis

    stand 2 To hold up and support the scale and also the test tube if it is placed in the water bath. Ruler (accurate to a millimetre) 1 To measure the distance from the lamp to the elodea, therefore light intensity will be more even.

  2. How temperature affects the rate of photosynthesis.

    As the temperature increases from 30 oC to around 38 oC, the rate at which photosynthesis is taking place will keep increasing constantly with it being the lowest at 30 oC and highest at 38 oC. This means that the kinetic energy gained enzyme and substrate molecules involved in the

  1. The aim of our investigation is to find out how the amount of light, ...

    I will make sure the leaves are all the same sizes or approximately the same. The size will be of 0.5cm, length will be 2cm and the area of the leaf will be 1cm. By limiting heat that will affect any results I will put a heat shield.

  2. Find out how the amount of light, that is light intensity, affects the rate ...

    4 OBTAINING EVIDENCE - 8/8 No alterations needed Analysing Evidence and Drawing Conclusions: Here is a graph of the number of bubbles and Average number of bubbles on the next page to show that I have drawn conclusions consistent with the evidence from my result table/chart and by using scientific

  1. An Investigation into Species Diversity with distance along a Pingo.

    The species diversity will be affected by these factors. There will be greatest species diversity at the optimum pH for the plants. As Foulden Common is chalk grassland it is expected that most of the plants will be calcicoles and thus be adapted to suit the alkaline soils.

  2. The aim of my investigation was to determine how limiting factors would affect the ...

    This results in a multilayered palisade parenchyma. Shade leaves in contrast perceive only a little light, the palisade parenchyma stays single layered. The enlargement of the palisade parenchyma causes usually a reduction of the spongy parenchyma, which is accordingly less well developed in sun leaves. As important as the exposition to light is the leaf's position at the stem.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work