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Animal Adaptation to Environment.

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Animal Adaptation to Environment Polar Bears Polar bears are well adapted to their arctic surroundings. Their thick winter coats, with glossy hair, dense under fur, and thick layer of fat beneath their skin protect them against the cold. The glossy hairs also shed water easily, so that after a swim the polar bear can shake itself like a dog to decrease chilling and to dry itself fairly quickly. The polar bears hair is translucent and reflects the heat from the sun down to the base of the hair, where it is taken in by the extremely absorbent black skin. The white colour of the polar bear also serves as camouflage. ...read more.


The thick layer of fat on the seal is called blubber. The blubber is an extremely good insulator as it keeps much needed heat trapped inside for much longer. It has oily hairs protruding from the skin which lay horizontally creating an extra layer on the seal. Its skin is dark which helps absorb sun light. Lizards An example of how an animal adapts to the desert would be the Monitor Lizard. The monitor lizard has adapted to the desert by, during the hottest hours of the day it will burrow deep in to the sand. The scales on its body are very tough and strong. ...read more.


Camels Camels have developed some remarkable traits suitable to arid environments, including the ability to go days without a drink of water. Camels do not in fact store water in their hump. Camels' humps are actually a store of fat that supplies energy and allows camels to go many days without eating. Camels can go long periods without drinking because they are better adapted to preserve fluids in their bodies than other animals. For example, a camel's body temperature can rise by as much as six degrees which prevents sweating, permitting the animal to retain more essential water. Camels also excrete very little water through urination. Their urine can be extremely thick, with very little water content and twice as much salt as sea water. ...read more.

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