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Animal Pharming

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Introduction

Animal Pharming My article is on the Animal Pharming. This is a Secondary Genetic modification method of genetic modification. It was developed during the late 1990s, but not yet used commercially used. In the paragraphs to come, I will describe what Animal Pharming is capable of, and my opinion of this form of Genetic Modification. Animal Pharming is the process of using transgenic animals to produce human drugs. Transgenic animals are animals which have been genetically transformed by inserting other animal or human genes into their chromosomes. The inserted gene enables an animal to make a certain proteins in its milk, urine, blood, sperm, or eggs. Also, organs can be grown for transplants. ...read more.

Middle

Animal producers are using the body of genetic information recorded, to help the production of transgenic animals. Overall, transgenic animals are more cost effective method of producing human drugs because the intended drug is efficiently passed through the milk, with 99 percent purity. The purifying process may become simpler if harvesting proteins from chicken eggs and urine becomes possible. The technology used to develop transgenic animals is nothing new, but, the industrialization of bio-pharming is. The first transgenic animal, a mouse, was produced in 1981. In an effort to determine which genes were involved with cancer, a gene was inserted into the mouse that made it open to cancer. In 1997 Dr Jay Vacanti grew a human ear from cartilage cells the back of a mouse, causing outrage among animal rights and pro-life groups. ...read more.

Conclusion

The world market is also growing for human pharmaceutical products. Producing transgenic animals is still quite expensive, although costs are decreasing and transgenic animals have certain advantages over other methods for producing human proteins. More commercial use of transgenic animals in food production could also become a possibility. I believe that the use of transgenic animals is a huge step forward in science. As long as it is used in the appropriate manner, it can be used to create serums to help burns, cure diseases, and even grown liver for transplant. It will be a few years before it is decided whether it should be legal to use transgenic animals. But, if it does become legal, it will be a great advancement in medicine, and biology. ?? ?? ?? ?? Niall Watts 10B ...read more.

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Response to the question

The response to the question is done very well for this level of qualification. The candidate considers a variety of factors around pharming and explains why they have positive or negative effects. They should expand on certain topics mentioned ...

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Response to the question

The response to the question is done very well for this level of qualification. The candidate considers a variety of factors around pharming and explains why they have positive or negative effects. They should expand on certain topics mentioned below to how further consideration of the topics and show deeper understanding.

Level of analysis

The candidate introduces the topic and explains the concepts of animal pharming well. The pros and cons of animal pharming are assessed in the opening paragraphs to a good degree of detail. The candidate considers a wide range of views to the topic which is good because it shows in depth research and shows the candidate is able to synthesise a variety of topics into a conclusion. I believe the candidate should have included more information about the moral obligations against pharming, and increased the level of detail about why only a few animals can become this transgenic creation and what happens to the animals that don't make the cut.

Quality of writing

The candidate does not quote their research resources which should be quoted in a bibliography and referenced throughout the essay so they give credit to the scientific sources they have used. Punctuation, grammar and spelling all to a very good level. The layout and tone of the essay is also good.


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Reviewed by skatealexia 28/08/2012

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