• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Animal Pharming

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Animal Pharming My article is on the Animal Pharming. This is a Secondary Genetic modification method of genetic modification. It was developed during the late 1990s, but not yet used commercially used. In the paragraphs to come, I will describe what Animal Pharming is capable of, and my opinion of this form of Genetic Modification. Animal Pharming is the process of using transgenic animals to produce human drugs. Transgenic animals are animals which have been genetically transformed by inserting other animal or human genes into their chromosomes. The inserted gene enables an animal to make a certain proteins in its milk, urine, blood, sperm, or eggs. Also, organs can be grown for transplants. ...read more.

Middle

Animal producers are using the body of genetic information recorded, to help the production of transgenic animals. Overall, transgenic animals are more cost effective method of producing human drugs because the intended drug is efficiently passed through the milk, with 99 percent purity. The purifying process may become simpler if harvesting proteins from chicken eggs and urine becomes possible. The technology used to develop transgenic animals is nothing new, but, the industrialization of bio-pharming is. The first transgenic animal, a mouse, was produced in 1981. In an effort to determine which genes were involved with cancer, a gene was inserted into the mouse that made it open to cancer. In 1997 Dr Jay Vacanti grew a human ear from cartilage cells the back of a mouse, causing outrage among animal rights and pro-life groups. ...read more.

Conclusion

The world market is also growing for human pharmaceutical products. Producing transgenic animals is still quite expensive, although costs are decreasing and transgenic animals have certain advantages over other methods for producing human proteins. More commercial use of transgenic animals in food production could also become a possibility. I believe that the use of transgenic animals is a huge step forward in science. As long as it is used in the appropriate manner, it can be used to create serums to help burns, cure diseases, and even grown liver for transplant. It will be a few years before it is decided whether it should be legal to use transgenic animals. But, if it does become legal, it will be a great advancement in medicine, and biology. ?? ?? ?? ?? Niall Watts 10B ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Humans as Organisms section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a star student thought of this essay

4 star(s)

Response to the question

The response to the question is done very well for this level of qualification. The candidate considers a variety of factors around pharming and explains why they have positive or negative effects. They should expand on certain topics mentioned ...

Read full review

Response to the question

The response to the question is done very well for this level of qualification. The candidate considers a variety of factors around pharming and explains why they have positive or negative effects. They should expand on certain topics mentioned below to how further consideration of the topics and show deeper understanding.

Level of analysis

The candidate introduces the topic and explains the concepts of animal pharming well. The pros and cons of animal pharming are assessed in the opening paragraphs to a good degree of detail. The candidate considers a wide range of views to the topic which is good because it shows in depth research and shows the candidate is able to synthesise a variety of topics into a conclusion. I believe the candidate should have included more information about the moral obligations against pharming, and increased the level of detail about why only a few animals can become this transgenic creation and what happens to the animals that don't make the cut.

Quality of writing

The candidate does not quote their research resources which should be quoted in a bibliography and referenced throughout the essay so they give credit to the scientific sources they have used. Punctuation, grammar and spelling all to a very good level. The layout and tone of the essay is also good.


Did you find this review helpful? Join our team of reviewers and help other students learn

Reviewed by skatealexia 28/08/2012

Read less
Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Humans as Organisms essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Biology Revision notes - Human Biology

    5 star(s)

    so they can make campaigns to reduce cancer patients and educated people on lifestyle. They would need to know so that they spend money on the serious types. E.g. lung cancer has decreased because there was such a big effort to stop smoking.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Investigate the effect of altitude training on the density of blood.

    4 star(s)

    The citrate then goes through a series of chemical transformations, losing one and then a second carboxyl group as carbon dioxide. Most of the energy made available by the oxidative steps of the cycle is transferred as electrons to NAD+, forming NADH.

  1. Marked by a teacher

    The Advantages and Disadvatages of Designer Babies

    3 star(s)

    The purpose of this procedure is to eliminate numerous flaws that cause imperfections on a baby, such as diseases, odd appearances, undesirable qualities, etc. The procedure has grown more advances over the years that even the simplest thing is being altered, such as eye, hair colour and complexion.

  2. Human biology short notes

    * When Monocytes enter the blood they are referred to as macrophages Granulocytes * Basophlis and Eosinophils respond to allergic reaction/ reaction against parasite * Neutrophlis are the main phagocytes Phagocytosis * Phagocytes engulf bacteria * Release enzymes in the cytoplasm * Digest/destroy bacteria * Preventing the spread of pathogens 3.

  1. Should the cloning of humans be allowed?

    Another argument for cloning would be the fact that parents who had lost a child to a premature death would be able to have another child who would have the same genetic make up as the deceased child. No Risk of Genetic Disease Yet another benefit the cloning of humans

  2. Therapuetic cloning case study

    And of course, that's just the ones born. What about all the disfigured and highly abnormal clones that either spontaneously aborted or were destroyed / terminated by scientists worried about the horrors they might be creating. 2. Emotional risks A child grows up knowing her mother is her sister, her grandmother is her mother.

  1. Free essay

    biology transplants

    The first xenotransplants took place in 1964 (pig heart valves in the UK; chimpanzee kidneys in the USA). http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aso/databank/entries/dm54ki.html The idea of transplanting organs is not new. It can be found in myths of the ancient Greeks and was referred to by even older civilizations.

  2. Is cloning ethical?

    a mutagenic agent or drug used to drive selection is plated at high dilution to create isolated colonies; each arising from a single and potentially clonally distinct cell. At an early growth stage when colonies consist of only a few of cells, sterile polystyrene rings (cloning rings), which have been

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work