• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3
  4. 4
    4
  5. 5
    5
  6. 6
    6
  7. 7
    7
  8. 8
    8
  9. 9
    9
  10. 10
    10
  11. 11
    11

Are Vaccines safe?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

AM Are Vaccines safe? A critical comparison AM Contents Pages 3-4 Are Vaccines Safe? Introduction Pages 5-7 For Arguements Page 8 Against Arguements Page 9 Conclusion Page 10 Bibliography Page 11 Appendix Are Vaccines safe? In this case study I shall be assessing whether or not vaccinations are safe (and whether or not the benefits outweigh the risks or vice versa) and during the course of that I will provide numerous articles, from various viewpoints and sources to justify the points that I put forward. This varies from Broadsheets such as the Independent to popular magazines such as TIME to leaflets provided by the NHS. I will also comment on the reliability of these sources and discuss its relevance to the title. I will try to maintain a neutral viewpoint when assessing and evaluating the evidence but will also add my views. ?Why do we need immunisation? The national immunisation programme has meant that dangerous diseases such as Polio have disappeared in the UK. But these diseases could come back. They areas still exist in around the world. That?s why it?s important for you to protect yourself. In the UK, diseases are kept at bay by the high immunisation rates How do vaccines work? ...read more.

Middle

Some people also think that giving the MMR vaccine rather than 3 separate diseases increases the risk of Autism (for reasons that I will discuss later in this section) ?Giving the vaccines separately at intervals means that children are not protected a disease at the earliest possible time? [3] This means that an inconvenience will be caused for both the parents in transporting their child to the hospital to get each vaccine and it will cause more distress toward the child receiving the vaccine too. But since the child isn?t protected from the infections as early as possible, the risk of infection is slightly increased. 1. Many studies have claimed that the MMR vaccine is safe and the link to Autism is false Dr. Liam Smeeth, from the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine conducted an investigation involving 5,000 children and the results were as follows ?78% of the children with Autism or a PDD had received MMR, similarly, 82% of the other children had been given MMR? [4]. According to Dr. Smeeth this 4% difference ?was not significant? [4]. This suggests that the MMR vaccine is safe and a study has been undertaken by a scientist to back its safety and upon further inspection I discovered that Dr. ...read more.

Conclusion

or the individual themselves and a choice should be provided rather than it being compulsory. Many of my ?against? sources are relatively weak and this was because I could not gather many reputable sources that discouraged vaccines and claimed they were dangerous, many people have also said that parents who do not immunize their children are selfish and took a rather negative viewpoint on the topic rather than evaluating each individual point. The anti-vaccine movement in general was disgraced by Dr. Andrew Wakefield so topic is still generally rather controversial. But it would be very hard to provide a solid piece of evidence linking Autism and MMR as the study would take years and a certain degree of chance come into the equation as some of the people may have acquired Autism even if they had not been vaccinated. The positive effects of vaccinations far outweigh the negatives but if a parent still has doubts it should not affect the wider society due to the idea of ?Herd Immunity? that I discussed earlier and as a result would mean that the child, though not immune to the disease in question in a biological sense should be at much lower risk of infection due to the people around him being immunised. But if this gets out of hand and many parents do not vaccinate their children for any reason then these diseases could re-emerge over time. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Humans as Organisms section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Humans as Organisms essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Biology Revision notes - Human Biology

    5 star(s)

    Inherited characteristic To receive a characteristic from one's parent by genetic transmission. Inherited disorder A disease or disorder that is inherited genetically (From our parents) Monohybrid cross A monohybrid cross is a breeding experiment between P generation (parental generation) organisms that differ in one trait.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Should the MMR vaccination be made compulsory in the UK?

    5 star(s)

    Figure 1: Naturally acquired adaptive immunity is generated through natural contact with a pathogen. When the body is exposed to a pathogen it will trigger an immune response, which is mediated by lymphocytes (white blood cells). There are two types of white blood cells important in adaptive immunity: B lymphocytes and T lymphocytes.

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Is the MMR vaccination safe?

    5 star(s)

    The immune system then begins with B lymphocytes, a white blood cell each with a specific antibody to fit different antigen (5). Once the lymphocyte with the right fitting antibody meets the antigen, the lymphocyte will reproduce extremely rapidly and lots of antibodies will be made, which bind to the microorganism.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Biology case study vaccination and MMR are they linked?

    4 star(s)

    * THE RASH USUALLY BEGINS AROUND THE EARS AND SPREADS TO THE BODY AND THE LEGS WITHIN A DAY OR TWO. * THE TEMPERATURE, WHICH MAY RUN AS HIGH AS 40�C, MAY STAY THAT HIGH FOR A COUPLE OF DAYS.

  1. Should people with diabetes 2 receive medical treatment?

    The first found that the blood glucose level in the brain did not go down in some patients during hypoglycemia. The brain was able to "hang on" to its sugar, even as the glucose levels fell in the rest of the body.

  2. The need for emergency life support

    Use 2 fingertips to perform the compressions and depress the breastbone about one third to one half of the depth of the chest. Chest compression should be performed at a rate of about 100 per minute - the same speed as for an adult.

  1. Does cloning benefit or endanger society?

    Arguments against Source 1 Title: Frontiers of cloning From: New Scientist article by Ian Wilmut published on 4th August 2010 (magazine article 2772) http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg20727722.600-frontiers-of-cloning.html?page=2 The underlying message coming from this source is that reproductive cloning should not be used to create new life as too much effort and resources are used to achieve such little success.

  2. Investigating whether MMR causes Autism.

    This is what is known as active immunity. Once a child has been vaccinated in general, the normal immune response takes several weeks to work. This means protection from an infection will not occur immediately after immunisation. Most immunisations need to be given several times to build long lasting protection.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work