• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 3
  4. 4
  5. 5
  6. 6
  7. 7
  8. 8
  9. 9
  10. 10
  11. 11

Are Vaccines safe?

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐AM Are Vaccines safe? A critical comparison AM Contents Pages 3-4 Are Vaccines Safe? Introduction Pages 5-7 For Arguements Page 8 Against Arguements Page 9 Conclusion Page 10 Bibliography Page 11 Appendix Are Vaccines safe? In this case study I shall be assessing whether or not vaccinations are safe (and whether or not the benefits outweigh the risks or vice versa) and during the course of that I will provide numerous articles, from various viewpoints and sources to justify the points that I put forward. This varies from Broadsheets such as the Independent to popular magazines such as TIME to leaflets provided by the NHS. I will also comment on the reliability of these sources and discuss its relevance to the title. I will try to maintain a neutral viewpoint when assessing and evaluating the evidence but will also add my views. ?Why do we need immunisation? The national immunisation programme has meant that dangerous diseases such as Polio have disappeared in the UK. But these diseases could come back. They areas still exist in around the world. That?s why it?s important for you to protect yourself. In the UK, diseases are kept at bay by the high immunisation rates How do vaccines work? ...read more.


Some people also think that giving the MMR vaccine rather than 3 separate diseases increases the risk of Autism (for reasons that I will discuss later in this section) ?Giving the vaccines separately at intervals means that children are not protected a disease at the earliest possible time? [3] This means that an inconvenience will be caused for both the parents in transporting their child to the hospital to get each vaccine and it will cause more distress toward the child receiving the vaccine too. But since the child isn?t protected from the infections as early as possible, the risk of infection is slightly increased. 1. Many studies have claimed that the MMR vaccine is safe and the link to Autism is false Dr. Liam Smeeth, from the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine conducted an investigation involving 5,000 children and the results were as follows ?78% of the children with Autism or a PDD had received MMR, similarly, 82% of the other children had been given MMR? [4]. According to Dr. Smeeth this 4% difference ?was not significant? [4]. This suggests that the MMR vaccine is safe and a study has been undertaken by a scientist to back its safety and upon further inspection I discovered that Dr. ...read more.


or the individual themselves and a choice should be provided rather than it being compulsory. Many of my ?against? sources are relatively weak and this was because I could not gather many reputable sources that discouraged vaccines and claimed they were dangerous, many people have also said that parents who do not immunize their children are selfish and took a rather negative viewpoint on the topic rather than evaluating each individual point. The anti-vaccine movement in general was disgraced by Dr. Andrew Wakefield so topic is still generally rather controversial. But it would be very hard to provide a solid piece of evidence linking Autism and MMR as the study would take years and a certain degree of chance come into the equation as some of the people may have acquired Autism even if they had not been vaccinated. The positive effects of vaccinations far outweigh the negatives but if a parent still has doubts it should not affect the wider society due to the idea of ?Herd Immunity? that I discussed earlier and as a result would mean that the child, though not immune to the disease in question in a biological sense should be at much lower risk of infection due to the people around him being immunised. But if this gets out of hand and many parents do not vaccinate their children for any reason then these diseases could re-emerge over time. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Humans as Organisms section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Humans as Organisms essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Is the MMR vaccination safe?

    5 star(s)

    The immune system then begins with B lymphocytes, a white blood cell each with a specific antibody to fit different antigen (5). Once the lymphocyte with the right fitting antibody meets the antigen, the lymphocyte will reproduce extremely rapidly and lots of antibodies will be made, which bind to the microorganism.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Should the MMR vaccination be made compulsory in the UK?

    5 star(s)

    While many oppose compulsory vaccinations, the benefits are large: debilitating side effects such as deafness can be prevented and children's lives will be saved. 2. SCIENCE 2.1 How does immunity work? Immunity means having sufficient biological defences to avoid infection by pathogens (bacteria, viruses or other microorganisms that can cause disease).

  1. Marked by a teacher

    In this case study I will discuss the cases for and against the statement: ...

    3 star(s)

    Here are some of them: * A fever * Coughing * Loss of appetite * Conjunctivitis (red, painful eyes) Children usually have to spend a week in bed but are unable to attend school for several days after the rash has gone to make sure they recover properly.

  2. Discuss the division of resources with regards to the prevention and treatment of CHDs:

    Talks between ministers and NHS chiefs will soon take place to implement training for existing and new medical staff to support the strategy. Conclusion: The fact that deaths from coronary heart disease are continuing to fall is good news and can be partly attributed to the resources and skill committed to CHD in the UK today.

  1. Should people with diabetes 2 receive medical treatment?

    Cells die and need replacing, or more are needed for growth or healing, so cells split to facilitate this. This is known as cell division. There are two types of cell division, mitosis and meiosis. In human cells mitosis is responsible for repair and growth.

  2. Does cloning benefit or endanger society?

    stress that the patient's nucleus and empty egg cell are put under to become reprogrammed. The high levels of stress can damage the cell and in turn ensure it cannot become an embryo, and later, a fully-grown clone. It is extremely rare for cells to handle the stress and become

  1. Should you vaccinate using the HPV vaccine?

    Another point is that some viruses mutate so rapidly that vaccines are futile, for example the HIV/AIDS virus; nevertheless scientists are still working at creating a vaccine. 4 How do vaccines work? 15 The picture above shows you that the injection will go through your skin and the diseased antigens will go into your blood stream.

  2. is the mmr vaccination safe?

    moisture that comes out of the nose and mouth of the person that is infected and is inhaled by a uninfected person. That person would become infected those droplets would be spread when the person sneezes, coughs or even talks.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work