• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Attack of the Clones - Is it right or wrong?

Extracts from this document...


Attack of the Clones Is it right or wrong? Cloning is the creation of a human being, or a number of human beings, who are genetically identical to another. There are two types of cloning: therapeutic cloning and reproductive cloning. Therapeutic cloning is when cloning techniques are used to start the growth of embryos in order to create new organs or cells for medical purposes. The Government already allows scientists to carry out a certain amount of therapeutic cloning as it can help different patients in many ways. Through therapeutic cloning, livers would be able to be cloned for liver transplants, kidneys could be cloned for kidney transplants, bone marrow would be able to be cloned for adults and children who suffer from leukaemia and scientists are confident that they will be able to grow nerves or the spinal cord back again when people are injured. This would mean that quadriplegics such as the actor, Christopher Reeves would be able to get up and walk again. Reproductive cloning is the creation of a new person with the same genetic make-up as someone who is alive or has lived. ...read more.


Yet, even though the human clones are healthy at the moment (or so Clonaid say), Dolly the sheep who was cloned 6 years ago, had to be put down due to a progressive lung disease. She also suffered from arthritis. Scientists are waiting on results at the moment, which will confirm if the disease was in anyway connected with the fact she was a clone. Ian Wilmut, who is the leader of the team who created Dolly said it was unlikely her lung disease was connected with her being a clone. "The most likely thing is an infection which causes a slow progressive illness and for which there isn't an effective treatment," he said. "Sadly, we have had that in some of the sheep on the farm, so that's the most likely explanation, but we don't know. If Dolly the Sheep's illness is due to her being a clone, it could affect and delay further research into cloning, as scientists will need to find out what exactly caused her to get ill. However, even though both therapeutic cloning and reproductive cloning can, theoretically, help so many people in many different ways, there are many moral issues about cloning. ...read more.


Those against cloning think that scientists are 'playing God' by being able to create clones. People are already talking of scientists being able to create 'designer babies' through IVF treatment, where the baby's sex, hair colour, eye colour etc. could be chosen by the parents-to-be. A good outcome from cloning may be the eradication of some genetic medical conditions. Some people are worried that eventually, scientists will be able to create the 'perfect human', who would have abnormal strength and intelligence. Are scientists trying to create a super-race? Everyone could end up like robots, as everyone would look the same. A race where everyone would be perfect and have no flaws whatsoever. This is what Hitler was trying to achieve with his 'science programs' during World War II. I believe that people should have imperfections, as it is our flaws which make us who we are. Every human being is a unique individual and without imperfections we would all be the same. I believe that therapeutic cloning is a good thing for the human race, as it can help and cure diseases. However I feel that if the use of reproductive cloning was allowed, it could lead to abuse by some people. I think that there has to be safeguards and legislation in place to prevent this. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Variation and Inheritance section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Variation and Inheritance essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Cloning. Should it be banned? I will explain all the different types of cloning ...

    Dolly was born in 1996 but her birth was only announced in 1997, and died young in 2003. Dolly's genetic information came from a 6 year old sheep's cells and it is thought that her death was because she was a clone.

  2. Peer reviewed

    What is cloning? Are there different types of cloning?

    3 star(s)

    Although most Finn Dorset sheep live to be 11 to 12 years of age, postmortem examination of Dolly seemed to indicate that, other than her cancer and arthritis, she appeared to be quite normal. The unnamed sheep from which Dolly was cloned had died several years prior to her creation.

  1. Should Biological Warfare Research Continue?

    an offensive programme Anthrax, botulinum toxin, ricin, aflatoxin, wheat cover smut, brucellosis, hemorrhagic conjuctivitis virus, rotavirus, camel pox, plague JAPAN Former Programme Anthrax, plague, glanders, typhoid, cholera, dysentery, typhoid, paratyphoid, gas gangrene, influenza, tetanus, tuberculosis, tularaemia, salmonella, typhus, tetrodotoxin NORTH KOREA Possible production of agents Anthrax, plague, yellow fever, typhoid,

  2. Genetics Research

    He is called the Father of Genetics. He studied flower color, stem length, etc. He crossed pea plant purple flowers with white flower, he transferred the spores/pollen, they all turned out to have purple flowers, showing that purple was a dominate trait.

  1. Is cloning the way of the future

    fertilised by one sperm which then splits in two genetically identical halves. This is an example of natural cloning as the parents have created two children with the same or identical genes. An example of natural cloning. (taken from http://www.i-am-pregnant.com/images/identicaltwins.jpg)

  2. Human cloning - should it be banned?

    * As Dolly's genetic information came from a six year old sheep then questions have been asked about her true age.

  1. Food Policy at a Crossroads, A World of Plenty or a World of Famine ...

    By using this method of production, farmers are not only changing the genetics of their crops, but the desired traits that have been engineered into the plant are passed on to the wild weeds or to other offending species. Thus creating super weeds or super pests with increased resistance and requiring higher usage of chemicals.

  2. Research Project "Is Cloning Beneficial or Harmful?"

    as it is unknown when this survey is taken we don?t know how much it is valid Conclusion I think cloning tissue or developing organs could helps so many people, which could lead to a tissue bank, to help people improve their health by overcoming disease like lung cancer or diabetes, by only using a few embryos.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work