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Attack of the Clones - Is it right or wrong?

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Introduction

Attack of the Clones Is it right or wrong? Cloning is the creation of a human being, or a number of human beings, who are genetically identical to another. There are two types of cloning: therapeutic cloning and reproductive cloning. Therapeutic cloning is when cloning techniques are used to start the growth of embryos in order to create new organs or cells for medical purposes. The Government already allows scientists to carry out a certain amount of therapeutic cloning as it can help different patients in many ways. Through therapeutic cloning, livers would be able to be cloned for liver transplants, kidneys could be cloned for kidney transplants, bone marrow would be able to be cloned for adults and children who suffer from leukaemia and scientists are confident that they will be able to grow nerves or the spinal cord back again when people are injured. This would mean that quadriplegics such as the actor, Christopher Reeves would be able to get up and walk again. Reproductive cloning is the creation of a new person with the same genetic make-up as someone who is alive or has lived. ...read more.

Middle

Yet, even though the human clones are healthy at the moment (or so Clonaid say), Dolly the sheep who was cloned 6 years ago, had to be put down due to a progressive lung disease. She also suffered from arthritis. Scientists are waiting on results at the moment, which will confirm if the disease was in anyway connected with the fact she was a clone. Ian Wilmut, who is the leader of the team who created Dolly said it was unlikely her lung disease was connected with her being a clone. "The most likely thing is an infection which causes a slow progressive illness and for which there isn't an effective treatment," he said. "Sadly, we have had that in some of the sheep on the farm, so that's the most likely explanation, but we don't know. If Dolly the Sheep's illness is due to her being a clone, it could affect and delay further research into cloning, as scientists will need to find out what exactly caused her to get ill. However, even though both therapeutic cloning and reproductive cloning can, theoretically, help so many people in many different ways, there are many moral issues about cloning. ...read more.

Conclusion

Those against cloning think that scientists are 'playing God' by being able to create clones. People are already talking of scientists being able to create 'designer babies' through IVF treatment, where the baby's sex, hair colour, eye colour etc. could be chosen by the parents-to-be. A good outcome from cloning may be the eradication of some genetic medical conditions. Some people are worried that eventually, scientists will be able to create the 'perfect human', who would have abnormal strength and intelligence. Are scientists trying to create a super-race? Everyone could end up like robots, as everyone would look the same. A race where everyone would be perfect and have no flaws whatsoever. This is what Hitler was trying to achieve with his 'science programs' during World War II. I believe that people should have imperfections, as it is our flaws which make us who we are. Every human being is a unique individual and without imperfections we would all be the same. I believe that therapeutic cloning is a good thing for the human race, as it can help and cure diseases. However I feel that if the use of reproductive cloning was allowed, it could lead to abuse by some people. I think that there has to be safeguards and legislation in place to prevent this. ...read more.

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