• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Brewing Beer - Beer is one of the oldest alcoholic beverages and is produced by the brewing process.

Extracts from this document...


Ada Pasholli 10L Brewing Beer Beer is one of the oldest alcoholic beverages and is produced by the brewing process. In modern times beer has taken an evident omnipresence in our everyday life and is an ideal tool for gathering people. For some nations beer plays a central role to the lifestyle and you may be surprised to hear for example that Germans drink beer at lunchtime, after work, in the evening and some people have it even during breakfast. Today, there are available over 70 styles of beer and each has different characteristics derived from the ingredients and brewing process. I personally really like the saying: Not everyone enjoys every beer, but every beer is brewed because somebody enjoys it. Beer is thought to be more than 10,000 years old. Archeologists believe that it first started accidentally when a grain was soaked by rain and than warmed by the sun. ...read more.


However, the addition of hops inhibits it with some bacteria that can spoil the beer. The malt sugar is boiled with hops for seasoning. The solution is cooled and yeast is added at room temperature to begin fermentation where glucose is produced. C12 H22 O11+ H2O => 2 (C6H12O6) Another enzyme of yeast, catalyses the decomposition of glucose to ethanol and carbon dioxide. There are two main categories of beer: ale and lager beer. If the beer being made is ale, the wort will be maintained at a constant temperature of 20 C for about two weeks. While lager beers are slower and prefer to maintain the temperature at around 10 C. C6H12O6 => 2 (CH3CH2OH) + 2 (CO2) Once the fermentation is finished, the beer is slowly pumped from the fermenter and is filtered to remove any remaining solids. After this, the beer is bottled by adding some extra CO2 to provide the carbonization. ...read more.


As I already mentioned before, in the brewing process water is one of the main ingredients and it is important to have a lot of clean water. However, the quality of water in Turkey, especially in Istanbul is not good. Therefore, to get good quality of water it is necessary to install modern machinery, which costs extra money and this would be a disadvantage. Wastewaters and used barleys are also concerns. Since they pollute the environment, the installation of cleaning and other special equipments is a must. However, the used barleys might be treated for the production of animal' food. Another environmental disadvantage is that the brewing process releases large amount of carbon dioxide (CO2) and causes global warming. Carbon dioxide is one of the most important greenhouse gases and therefore people are continually trying to reduce it. As a conclusion, I think that Istanbul is an advantageous place for building a brewery because economical factors are positive, environmental obstacles could be overcome and cultural disadvantages are progressively changing. For the above factors it is clear that the opening of a brewery would a profitable achievement. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Green Plants as Organisms section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Green Plants as Organisms essays

  1. Investigating The Fermentation of Yeast

    This time some bubbles were counted although not many. I am going to graph these results because I think that these will do as my first set of results. It took the yeast sixteen minutes before the first bubble came out of the rubber tube.

  2. Ashland Oil Inc.: Trouble at Floreffe

    This was the first major oil pollution accident in the company's 64-year history. The company's response indicated that it had governmental guidelines to respond to an incident of this nature, but none of its own standard operating procedures for crisis response.

  1. Why Were Towns and Cities so Unhealthy in the 19th Century?

    One privy could be shared by a whole yard. Excrement was collected by a "night soil-man" who was paid by landlords to remove their tenants waste. Some landlord didn't want to pay to have this vital job taken care of and so cesspits were allowed to overflow onto the streets, which then caused yet more disease and consequently more people died.

  2. The location of panama

    The Government did not set a good example by allowing illegal logging companies to cut own trees for timber to be sold for export, bringing millions of dollars. The Government and the NGOs disagree on the seriousness of the depletion of the rainforests surrounding the Canal.

  1. Construct a rocket from a discarded PET (Polthylene Teraphetlate) drink bottle.

    Many factors differentiate both these values slightly. So assuming everything is a constant variable and if we can take the bottle as a particle, we may attempt now to prove this relationship between the experimental range and theoretical range using projectile motion concepts.

  2. How did Leamington develop into a typical spa town of the mid nineteenth century?

    More and more springs were found towards the south of the river. Robbins's Well and Read's Well opened in the same year the pump rooms did, but on the other side of the river. And the last major bath to be opened on the south side of the river was called Smart's Marble Baths on Clemens Street.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work