• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Cardiovascular and Respiratory Systems

Extracts from this document...


Unit 5. Body In Action. Assignment- Task 2. Cardiovascular and Respiratory Systems. The structure and Function of the Cardiovascular System. The Cardiovascular system consists of the heart, blood vessels and blood. Oxygen and waste products are carried to and from the tissues and cells of blood. The heart is the mechanism, which allows this by pumping blood around the body through tubes called veins and arteries. The heart pumps continually throughout a person's lifetime to the tune of around 30 million beats per year, that about 2.5 billion in a lifetime, and even when you are asleep it pumps approximately 10 litres of blood a minute through the 60,000 miles of blood vessels which makeup the transport system of the body. The cardiovascular system is one of the most important of all the body systems. The Heart. The heart is about the size of a clenched fist and is located in the chest between the lungs with its apex slightly tilted to the left. It is made up of Cardiac muscle and is surrounded by pericardium, which is a fluid filled bag, which reduces friction when the heart beats. The heart is not really heart shaped at all but actually cone shaped. ...read more.


They secrete serotonin, which restricts blood flow to damaged parts of the body, and they also stick together at the site of an injury, to plug gaps in broken blood vessels. They activate proteins found in blood plasma which then create a basket like structure which captures red blood cells forming a natural wound covering called a scab. The scab prevents foreign particles entering the bloodstream and stays in place until the tissue underneath is repaired, after it falls off. Short Term and Long Term effects on the Cardio and Respiratory System with running. Short Term effects. Short Term effects of the respiratory system would be you breathe heavier and faster, this is because the sympathetic nerves stimulate the respiratory muscles to make you breathe faster. Short Term effects of the cardiovascular system would be, your heart beats faster during running so that it can pump more blood to the muscles. Your muscles may feel "tired", due to the muscles are working to accelerate your body and keep it moving. Long Term Effects. Long Term effects on the cardio system would be increased heart rate, which would make the cardio stronger and your body would become fitter, increases your stamina. A lowering of resting heart rate, increased cardiac output, the heart size increases and blood can be pumped around the body much more easier. ...read more.


The best thing about swimming is that the heart becomes more powerful and the lungs capacity increases. Swimming is one of the best forms of exercise for people to do, which targets both the Cardio and Respiratory system, and makes the short term effects worth it in the long run. The huge differences in the short and long term effects are that instead of the body become fatigue and worn out, and the lungs having to work hard so that the body can breath properly with out becoming dangerous, the body has now adapted to the pace needed with a higher maximum oxygen uptake and the increases of the heart, so that it don't struggle to pump blood to the muscles. The best improvement is that the resting heart rate is decreased. The result of both running and swimming in the short and long term on the Cardiovascular and Respiratory System show that both forms of exercise are healthy and a great way to build up the strength and stamina of both of them, it takes time and effort for the body (Cardio and Resp) to develop and change and it isn't a overnight thing. Going running or swimming once won't make a difference on the body unless it is performed regularly and correctly. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Humans as Organisms section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Humans as Organisms essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Artificial Cardiac Pacemakers

    5 star(s)

    A non significant disadvantage in having a pacemaker is that regular check-ups are required.40 This should not be a big issue, as it ensures that the pacemaker is functioning correctly and is maintaining the health of the individual using it.

  2. Human biology short notes

    The urine is stored in the bladder * And passed out of the body through the urethra, when the sphincter muscles relax Osomoregulation * Is the maintenance of osmotic pressure in the blood When the osmotic pressure is high (Less water in the blood)

  1. The effects of exercise on the cardiovascular and respiratory system

    Blood is diverted from other organs, such as the gut, by local vasoconstriction. Myocardial contractility may increase. Venoconstriction results in an increased venous return, and splenic contraction increases the packed cell volume and oxygen carrying capacity of blood. The long term effects The long-term effects of exercise.

  2. List the effects of exercise on the cardiovascular system, including the cardiac cycle and ...

    the pulmonary artery and the blood from the left ventricle into the aorta, this is the ventricular systole. So once this is completed the semi-lunar valves snap shut and the cycle is complete and ready to be repeated. In the separate phases of the cardiac cycle the diastolic phase takes

  1. The cardiovascular system is made up of the heart and the blood vessels, such ...

    To test cardiovascular and respiratory levels I got a class mate to perform the Bruce treadmill test, which is a test to monitor the development of an athlete's general endurance. It works by some one running on a treadmill for a set amount of time and as the time goes on the speed and slop increases.

  2. The cardiovascular and respiratory system

    It is also split into two half's. The left and right side of the heart are separated because they have separate functions. The right side of the heart is responsible for pumping blood to the lungs and back. This means it is at the centre of the pulmonary system.

  1. HSC Module-Blueprint of Life

    - Three things can happen as a result of a mutation: * Most mutations are lethal and kill the cell the mutation takes place in * In some cases, the mutation is not advantageous or lethal to the organism. It is a neutral mutation * VERY RARELY, a mutation will give an organism a phenotypic advantage.

  2. What is Cardiovascular Disease.

    Diagram showing how atheromatous plaques can cause a blood clot to form. Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) CHD, also known as Ischaemic Heart Disease (ischaema - reduction of blood supply to a tissue) is a disease of the two coronary arteries supplying the heart muscles with oxygenated blood and nutrients.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work