• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

chemistry of sulphuric(VI) acid

Extracts from this document...


Write an essay on the chemistry of sulphuric(VI) acid Sulphuric(VI) acid is very important to our daily lives. In this essay, four aspects of sulphuric(VI) acid, including its production, chemical properties, physical properties and uses will be discussed. Basic information of sulphuric(VI) acid The formula of sulphuric(VI) acid is H2SO4. It is named because the oxidation state of sulphur is +6. The diagram below shows the structure of a sulphuric(VI) acid molecule. Sulphuric(VI) acid is a basic acid since each sulphuric(VI) acid molecule can dissociate to give two hydrogen ions. H2SO4(aq) 2H+(aq) + SO42-(aq) Sulphuric(VI) acid is a strong acid since the sulphuric(VI) acid can ionize completely in water. Production of sulphuric(VI) acid Sulphuric(VI) acid can be produced industrially by Contact Process. (a) ...read more.


SO3(g) + H2SO4(1) H2S2O7(1) H2S2O7(1) + H2O(1) 2H2SO4(1) Sulphur trioxide is not mixed with water directly since large amount of heat will evolve, which vapourizes sulphuric(VI) acid and makes it very hard to be collected. Physical properties of sulphuric(VI) acid Sulphuric(VI) acid is a colourless oily liquid at room temperature and pressure. Sulphuric(VI) acid has a high boiling point (338�C) compare with the other acids. There are extensive intermolecular hydrogen bonds between the sulphuric(VI) acid molecules. The intermolecular attractions between molecules are so strong that sulphuric(VI) acid has a high viscosity and high boiling point. Chemical properties of sulphuric(VI) acid (a) Acidity property Sulphuric(VI) acid is a dibasic acid. When sulphuric(VI) acid is dilute(2M), it behaves like typical acid and reacts with reactive metal to give out hydrogen gas. ...read more.


+ CH3OH(aq) CH3COOCH3(aq) + H2O(1) Sulphuric(VI) acid acts as a catalyst and a dehydrating agent, shifting the equilibrium to the right. (e) Reaction with organic compounds Sulphuric(VI) acid is used in the sulphonation of benzene: Use of sulphuric(VI) acid Sulphuric(VI) acid is very useful in our daily lives. (a) Manufacture of fertilizers Sulphuric(VI) acid can be used to produce fertilizers such as ammonium sulphate. Ammonium sulphate is produced by the reaction of sulphuric(VI) acid and aqueous ammonia. H2SO4(aq) + 2NH3(aq) (NH4)2SO4(aq) (b) Manufacture of soapless detergent Sulphuric(VI) acid is used in the manufacture of soapless detergents. Soapless detergents are made by reacting hydrocarbons with concentrated sulphuric(VI) acid. Soapless detergents can be used in both soft water and hard water. (c) Manufacture of paint additives Sulphuric(VI) acid can also be used in the preparation of paint additives such as barium sulphate and calcium sulphate. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Changing Materials - The Earth and its Atmosphere section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Changing Materials - The Earth and its Atmosphere essays

  1. Electrolysis with water

    The pattern of the graph shows that the greater the distance between the electrodes the weaker the current is. There were one or two anomalous results on my graph and this could be due to a slight mishap during the practical experiment for example: the electrodes might have been held inaccurately therefore an unusual result would have occurred.

  2. What is Acid Rain? What are the effects of acid rain?

    The oxidation of sulphur dioxide is most widespread in clouds and particularly in greatly polluted air where there are abundant amounts of ammonia and ozone, which act as catalysts in the formation of sulphuric acid from sulphur dioxide. However, not all the sulphur dioxide becomes sulphuric acid, as a lot

  1. Investigating the effect of the temperature of hydrochloric acid on its rate of reaction ...

    This would enable me to find out whether or not my chosen range was appropriate. My method was as follows: i) Set up Bunsen burner, and heat 200 ml water in water bath to 75 �C. ii) Place 20 ml of 2 mol/dm� HCl solution in to a boiling tube.

  2. Find out how magnesium ribbon reacts with various chlorides.

    This is sometimes called the electronic configuration of an atom. The electronic structure of the atom. You can imagine a model of an atom with electrons orbiting in shells around the nucleus. The electrons in each successive shell have an orbit further away from the nucleus.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work