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Cloning; Does it benefit or endanger society?

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Cloning; Does it benefit or endanger society By Sean Hudson Contents Page Introduction 3 Background Information 4 How Cloning Benefits Society 6 How Cloning Endangers Society 8 Conclusion 10 Bibliography 11 Introduction Cloning is a very controversial topic. Some support cloning believing that it offers the chance to help people, offering the possibilities of curing currently incurable diseases and treating injuries such as burns, as well as other benefits. Others, however, believe that cloning is unethical as it trivialises life, leads to the destruction of embryos and endangers society as a whole. In the following case study I will study and discuss the benefits and dangers of cloning, provide evidence through use of sources, address the controversial moral issues regarding cloning and finally end with a balanced conclusion summarising both the case study and my own opinions. This case study will be viewed by other year 11 students so in order to match my target audience I have used various presentational devices including a range of colour, font types, pictures and diagrams. Background Information What is cloning? Cloning is the process of producing genetically identical organisms. This can occur naturally when organisms such as bacteria, plants or insects reproduce asexually or when a fertilised egg divides into two genetically identical halves forming identical twins. The term cloning usually refers to the method of artificially creating copies of DNA fragments (molecular cloning), cells (cellular cloning) or organisms. Types of Cloning Reproductive Cloning Reproductive cloning is the method of generating an animal that has the same nuclear DNA as another existing animal. ...read more.


The author of this source is a student studying science so his lack of experience hurts the reliability of this source somewhat but this source is mainly comprised of facts backed up with research ultimately making this source quite reliable. Source 3: Article from catalogs.com "Those who object to animal research often cite the genetic variance in lab animals as proof that any results obtained in the lab cannot be generalized. Mouse A may react well to a drug, while Mouse B does not. Is it the fault of the drug or genetics? Cloning would allow researchers to standardize the genetic makeup of animals used in a given test. This would, they claim, allow them to better assess the results of any drug trials or other experimental procedures." This source presents one of the advantages of animal cloning claiming that cloned animals could lead to more accurate experimental procedures regarding animals. By cloning an animal, for example a mouse, it will allow scientists to perform experiments on animals with more accuracy as it can insure that variables in genetics are kept the same when repeating experiments. The source was taken from the website catalogs.com and was written by freelance article writer Lindsay Richardson. Richardson has degrees in English, Psychology, Business, Public Administration and Political Philosophy proving a great level of intellect and education reinforcing the reliability of this source. How Cloning Endangers Society Source 4: article from buzzle.com "While the advocates of human cloning are armed with reasons to support their stand, the critics of the same don't seem to be impressed. ...read more.


that endangered animals face such as poaching, climate change and habitat loss, it also creates a form of inbreeding that could be detrimental to the species. Above all I think that the reproductive cloning of humans should not be researched as creating humans oversteps the boundaries of what scientists should be allowed to do. I believe that the idea of creating clones as an alternative for people with infertility problems or, even worse, for replacing the deceased, trivialises human life. However many may disagree with me. Many believe that therapeutic cloning is unethical. Since the embryo is destroyed when the stem cells are removed people often use the term 'baby killing' to describe therapeutic cloning. I however believe that embryos have not developed enough to be considered anymore than just cells with the potential to become life and 'killing' these cells is not immoral. Some even believe that reproductively cloning humans offers benefits to society however I disagree. While it does offer alternatives for couples struggling with infertility issues I believe there are better alternatives such as IVF and adoption. Echoing what Abhijit Naik said in source 4, clones also may be discriminated against should they be introduced into our society. Overall, after extensive research into the controversies of cloning, I have concluded that cloning can benefit society in many ways but can endanger it as well if boundaries are not set. Scientists must do their best to benefit human kind without overstepping the boundaries and becoming no different from mad scientists from horror films like Dr. Frankenstein. ...read more.

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