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Concepts of the universe creation

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Unit 11-A01 Jack Davies

The Big bang theory: There are several theories of the universe one being the “big bang”, it is proposed that the big bang is what has created life today and our universe. It is an effort to explain and persuade people that “our world” was created through an enormous amount of concentrated energy and matter, this theory has many misconceptions due to how it occurred. People often misinterpret that the big bang theory suggests the world (universe) was created through an explosion which is in fact incorrect. Because the Big bang theory states that the universe in fact started from a beginning when there began to be an expansion. Our universe is thought to have begun as an infinitesimally small, infinitely hot, and infinitely dense, although scientists can predict this is what they believed happened through evidence listed below;

  • First of all, we are reasonably certain that the universe had a beginning.
  • Second, galaxies appear to be moving away from us at speeds proportional to their distance. This is called "Hubble's Law," named after Edwin Hubble (1889-1953) who discovered this phenomenon in 1929. This observation supports the expansion of the universe and suggests that the universe was once compacted.
  • Third, if the universe was initially very, very hot as the Big Bang suggests, we should be able to find some remnant of this heat. In 1965, Radioastronomers Arno Penzias and Robert Wilson discovered a 2.725 degree Kelvin (-454.765 degree Fahrenheit, -270.425 degree Celsius) Cosmic Microwave Background radiation (CMB) which pervades the observable universe. This is thought to be the remnant which scientists were looking for. Penzias and Wilson shared in the 1978 Nobel Prize for Physics for their discovery.
  • Finally, the abundance of the "light elements" Hydrogen and Helium found in the observable universe are thought to support the Big Bang model of origins.
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Some people find it difficult to visualise that the Oscillatory Theory is in fact possible, to believe in this theory you must first believe that because the Universe there was nothing. The oscillatory theory of the universe suggests that the creation of this universe followed death of the last universe therefore our universe will come to an end become the new universe will begin. The Oscillatory theory is believed to repeatedly repeat itself with a series of Universes, one after the one that has recently died before hand. One implication of the Oscillatory theory is that the Universe will firstly have to die cold, with no light, this is extremely unlikely to occur scientists believe, even though it is proposed that the energy from the sun eventually burn off, meaning that there will be no light on earth . Alternatively the expansion will stop and the universe will begin to then contract. Although the contraction would be very slow at first the contraction rate would accelerate and grow hotter and brighter until it ends in the Big Crunch, in which it implodes into a singularity and gets crushed out of existence. Between 1960’s and 1970’s the theory was of a great belief but is no longer of such great favor, this

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The Sciences of today’s society shows that the world roughly began to evolve around 20 billion years old, and the Human Race started to evolve around 3 to 4 million years ago. Therefore surely this must have been something else that existed if the Creationism is true as the universe would surely have not existed for 19 ¾ with nothing living, yet it could be argued Dinosaurs and other creates as such existed but science can prove that the didn’t survive for 19 Billion years.

More over this shows that for the Creationism to be true people must be claiming that this so Kind lovingly, almighty powerful man, who they have only read about (maybe claim to have spoken or seen him) would have waited for such a extremely long time just to create us.

In conclusion to views points made of many I believe that there is strong enough support for neither genuine science nor responsible biblical exegesis, and that the theory’s are not unique in science and that Creationism is a very large intellectual based theory evolved around very little facts. So in my opinion I am lead to believe that are yet many theories but neither of them are supported much by scientific evidence therefore to be a believer of one of the theories it still requires faith as the evidence does not prove the theories but it may support them in ways that make it possible in other people opinion.

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Response to the question

The candidate has given an explicit response, they have discussed serval theories of how the universe was created rather than simply mentioning the current scientific theory. This is the appropriate way to discuss an ambiguous topic, you cannot form your ...

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Response to the question

The candidate has given an explicit response, they have discussed serval theories of how the universe was created rather than simply mentioning the current scientific theory. This is the appropriate way to discuss an ambiguous topic, you cannot form your own conclusion unless you take the time to look at all of the ideas. Though the candidate has approached this essay sensibly, they have failed to write any sort of introduction, which is a mistake, you must always include an introduction to your work. If you are struggling with this, it is often easier to do after you have written your essay as you then know what you have gone on to discuss. A good introduction, should include the following; a brief introduction to your topic and a statement of what you plan to discuss. You should then, think about ways in which you can make this interesting to read so that you grab the readers attention, as this will ensure don’t just skim through your work.

Level of analysis

Though the candidate gives only a brief description of the current scientific model of the universe, they have included information that you don’t cover until A-level, therefore the candidate has shown a depth of knowledge beyond that expected of them. Taking the time learn a topic at a higher level demonstrates enthusiasm for your subject and shows that you are capable of working independently which is an important skill for higher education. However, if you have taken the time to research your topic, even if you have simply read a few books, you need to provide references to these, so that you can show the steps you have taken to prepare for your essay and so that you can avoid being accused of plagiarism. On another positive note, the candidate has used their conclusion to state a personal opinion relating to the creation of the universe, this is often a good idea as your teacher/examiner is interested in what you have to say and what you have learnt from writing your essay. However their conclusion does have some room for improvement, as they have not summarised their key ideas and stated why this these are important, this is useful as it helps to tie together any lose ends and allows you to bring your essay to a close.

Quality of writing

Generally this essay is of a high quality, though the candidate has used bullet points within their essay, which I do not recommend, at this level of qualification you should be able to write your work in continual prose. Furthermore the are times in which the essay doesn’t flow as well as it could, as the candidate has not used conjunctive sentences the discussion of different theories feels like three mini essay rather than one complete essay. To improve this you need to think about how you can link paragraphs together, this can done by starting a paragraph which sentences such as ‘Another theory is that of’. This helps links ideas together, making the essay easier to read. That said, there are no grammatical or spelling errors and the candidate has used appropriate technical throughout their work.

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