• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Congestion Charge, Science in the News

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Year 10 Science in the News: Congestion Charges The question I am trying to answer is 'Are Congestion Zones a Good Idea?'. Congestion Zones were first introduced in the UK in London in the Central District in 2003. The idea of the Congestion Zone was to charge a fixed rate to travel around within this zone during a certain time frame, in London's case between 7.00am and 6.30pm. The Congestion Zone was set up in order to try and lower the amount of harmful pollutants in the air around the city centre, because (before the Zone was implemented) there would be a large volume of traffic passing through the area at a slow speed which meant cars were producing more pollution, but with the Zone cars could travel faster as there were fewer cars as they would want to try and avoid the charge and would mean less pollution was being produced. The Congestion Zone directly affects pollution levels, the public and businesses, the flow of vehicles and the type of vehicles traveling in the area. ...read more.

Middle

Airquality.co.uk say that the cars have decreased from 390000 to 240000 per year passing through the zone, which is a 39% reduction. I think the most reliable source is the report from Airquality.co.uk, because it is not bias towards one side of the argument (as the report from the ABD is, towards the drivers in and around the zone) and gives balanced views throughout its report on the subject. I have plotted a bar graph (see next page), from data given in the Stimulus Material, which show the levels of Nitrogen Oxides by a roadside in the Congestion Zone. The graph shows an obvious trend; the results before the implementation of the scheme are almost exclusively higher than after the scheme had been introduced, which suggests there was less pollution which leads to the conclusion that less traffic was flowing through the area, which backs up what both of my researched sources say too, increasing reliability of all three sets of data. However, in the data on my graph there were two anomalies, on both Saturday and Sunday the amount of Nitrogen Oxides increased after the scheme was introduced. ...read more.

Conclusion

The environment could be affected because levels of pollution in the congestion zone will decrease, but the traffic that now avoid that area have to travel elsewhere increasing traffic and congestion in another area; they may have solved the problem in one area, but they have just transferred the problem to other areas increasing pollution levels there as cars are traveling more slowly. I think that congestion zones are a good idea. I have made this decision based on the information provided by three, reliable different sources stating that vehicle flow of cars has decreased which was one of the main aims of the Congestion Zone to begin with and also from information that pollution has been dramatically reduced as shown by data from the line graph. I think the most important piece of information is the report provided by airquality.co.uk, because it gives a broad perspective on all the issues and gives data which is shows the success of the scheme, in particular the table showing average traffic flows within the charging zone before and after implementation. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Changing Materials - The Earth and its Atmosphere section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Changing Materials - The Earth and its Atmosphere essays

  1. Plastics- A Benefit or a Disaster? (Science research coursework)

    This is proven in my research because I have shown how most plastics are non-degradable are therefore thrown away in bins which are taken to landfill. This does not support Alan because the information is not relevant to his statement.

  2. air pollution

    Some people believe that even the burning of wood and charcoal in fireplaces and barbeques can release significant quantities of soot into the air. Another type of pollution is the release of gases, such as sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide and nitrogen oxides.

  1. GM foods - Harmful or Helpful

    Some medicines and vaccines need special storage conditions which are not available in countries suffering from poverty. So scientists are working on edible vaccines in tomatoes and potatoes. These will be easier and cheaper to transport, it is also much easier to administer.7 All the advantages listed above show how helpful GM foods actually are.

  2. Human Impact On the Environment

    Cars are constantly adding more carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. The more carbon dioxide the higher the surface air temperature and the more decrease in thickness of ice. These are the causes of global warming. Thickness of Ice in Areas of the Arctic Sea This graph shows the ice thickness

  1. Is an increase in traffic pollution the

    Nitrogen dioxide has a variety of environmental and health impacts. It is a respiratory irritant, may make asthma worse and possibly increases weakness to infections. Ground-level ozone (O3), unlike the primary pollutants mentioned above, is a secondary pollutant produced by reaction between nitrogen dioxide (NO2), hydrocarbons and sunlight.

  2. Should the UK build more Nuclear Power Stations?

    The two new atoms emit gamma radiation as they settle into their new states. Three things about this induced fission process that make is especially interesting. The probability of a U-235 atom capturing a neutron as it passes by is fairly high.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work