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Conservation Programmes

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Introduction

´╗┐Conservation is the maintenance of the biosphere and enhancement of biodiversity locally. Conservation of species ensures the conservation of existing gene pools. For ethical reasons it is important to conserve potentially useful genes for future generations of humans as well as for the survival of the species itself. Present-day plants and animals used in agriculture and horticulture have been developed from plants and animals that were originally in the wild. Breeding increases genetic uniformity with the loss of rarer alleles. In the past breeders may have neglected some important qualities, such as resistance to cold and disease etc. These need to be added back into highly cultivated varieties, using the wild plants and animals as a gene bank. If habitats, and the wildlife that live in them, are threatened, this may no longer be possible. There is also concern about the progressive destruction of the tropical rainforests. ...read more.

Middle

A site of special scientific interest is a site in the UK which is of particular importance because of its geology, topography or ecology. E.g. Merthyr Mawr Sand Dunes. International Cooperation Restricting Trade 1. Ivory In 1989, CITES voted that the elephant was threatened with extinction, and listed the elephant on Appendix I as a "most endangered" species. In 1990, a ban was imposed on the international trade of ivory. As a symbolic gesture, Kenya destroyed its ivory stockpile valued at over $3 million. This ban, however, did not affect the domestic sale and use of ivory. During the 1980s, poachers killed an estimated average of 200 African elephants a day for their tusks. Thus, the population plummeted to an estimated 625,000, down from 1.3 million in 1979. Since the ban went into effect, the population has fallen only slightly, to 580,000. 1. ...read more.

Conclusion

Examples are the seeds of cocoa and rubber. Reintroduction programmes Reintroduction is the deliberate release of a species into the wild in zones formerly inhabited by said species but where it has disappeared from for a number of reasons, from captivity or relocated from other areas where the species still survives in. It usually involves species that are endangered or extinct in the wild. By the 20th century the breeding population of red kites had become restricted to a handful of pairs in Wales, but recently the Welsh population has been supplemented by re-introductions in England and Scotland. Pollution Control Pollution control is a term used in environmental management. It means the control of emissions and effluents into air, water or soil. Without pollution control, the waste products from consumption, heating, agriculture, mining, manufacturing, transportation and other human activities, whether they accumulate or disperse, will degrade the environment. The following methods are a few of those used: 1. Recycling 2. Sewage treatment 3. Industrial waste-water treatment 4. Industrial Scrubbers ...read more.

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