• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Conservation Programmes

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐Conservation is the maintenance of the biosphere and enhancement of biodiversity locally. Conservation of species ensures the conservation of existing gene pools. For ethical reasons it is important to conserve potentially useful genes for future generations of humans as well as for the survival of the species itself. Present-day plants and animals used in agriculture and horticulture have been developed from plants and animals that were originally in the wild. Breeding increases genetic uniformity with the loss of rarer alleles. In the past breeders may have neglected some important qualities, such as resistance to cold and disease etc. These need to be added back into highly cultivated varieties, using the wild plants and animals as a gene bank. If habitats, and the wildlife that live in them, are threatened, this may no longer be possible. There is also concern about the progressive destruction of the tropical rainforests. ...read more.


A site of special scientific interest is a site in the UK which is of particular importance because of its geology, topography or ecology. E.g. Merthyr Mawr Sand Dunes. International Cooperation Restricting Trade 1. Ivory In 1989, CITES voted that the elephant was threatened with extinction, and listed the elephant on Appendix I as a "most endangered" species. In 1990, a ban was imposed on the international trade of ivory. As a symbolic gesture, Kenya destroyed its ivory stockpile valued at over $3 million. This ban, however, did not affect the domestic sale and use of ivory. During the 1980s, poachers killed an estimated average of 200 African elephants a day for their tusks. Thus, the population plummeted to an estimated 625,000, down from 1.3 million in 1979. Since the ban went into effect, the population has fallen only slightly, to 580,000. 1. ...read more.


Examples are the seeds of cocoa and rubber. Reintroduction programmes Reintroduction is the deliberate release of a species into the wild in zones formerly inhabited by said species but where it has disappeared from for a number of reasons, from captivity or relocated from other areas where the species still survives in. It usually involves species that are endangered or extinct in the wild. By the 20th century the breeding population of red kites had become restricted to a handful of pairs in Wales, but recently the Welsh population has been supplemented by re-introductions in England and Scotland. Pollution Control Pollution control is a term used in environmental management. It means the control of emissions and effluents into air, water or soil. Without pollution control, the waste products from consumption, heating, agriculture, mining, manufacturing, transportation and other human activities, whether they accumulate or disperse, will degrade the environment. The following methods are a few of those used: 1. Recycling 2. Sewage treatment 3. Industrial waste-water treatment 4. Industrial Scrubbers ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Living Things in their Environment section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Living Things in their Environment essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Research question - Is using dogs for work ethical?

    5 star(s)

    Ducks attempt to mate with the same specie as its mother, this can end in a bad result as that specie might not be interested. Even though dogs don't regard humans as they're parent, they still bond with them when they are young.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Balance of Food Production and Conservation

    4 star(s)

    Oxygen depletion means that many species of invertebrates and fish die. Many food chains collapse. Turbidity increases, the rate of sedimentation increases and also less light penetrates for photosynthesis. These effects can create many problems for humans such as: the water removed for drinking may have an unacceptable taste or

  1. Compare and contrast the morphological features of Lamellibranches and Brachiopods

    Lamellibranchs adductor scars can also reveal a lot about the Lamellibranch, and they are divided in four ways; Bimyarian- A valve having two adductor muscle scars; one anterior and one posterior. Isomyarian- A bimayrian shell where two adductor scars generally equal in size.

  2. Literature Review on Germination of Orchid Seeds.

    Smreciu and Currah (1989)1 found the same for North American and European species. Several species in their study, including two Corallorhiza, failed to germinate; Cypripedium calceolus L. and Calypso bulbosa (L.) Oakes had low germination percentages in asymbiotic medium only.

  1. Sand Dune Ecology and Conservation Course Work

    The best way to do this would be to use the quadrat every 20 meters, as this is a good amount of space to see change occur. Also as the Winterton site is very large and each test is quite long it would not be practical to test less than 20 meters.

  2. At the end of 1996 the IUCN announced that 33,730 species of plant are ...

    Since 1977 the World Health Organisation (WHO) has accepted that traditional medicine has a role in primary healthcare. In fact, 75-90% of the world rely on herbal medicine, yet herbalism has not been accepted as a conventional medicine in many developed countries (Plants & Society, 1996)

  1. Should cannabis be legalised in the UK?

    He made all the medical journals as the longest living kidney doner recipient from a cadaver. Pot helped my brother get through pain and depression...but I still lost him in 96 . http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=1006051922324 Medicine in the western world has forgotten almost all it once knew about the therapeutic properties of cannabis.

  2. The Effects of the Wolf Reintroduction on the Coyotes of Yellowstone

    Food Web: http://www.proprofs.com/quiz-school/story.php?title=star-testing-practice-biology Predator/Prey Relationships: Predator/Prey Relationship: A relationship in which an organism (the predator) catches and eats another organism (the prey) of an unlike species. The coyote usually eats small animals such as voles. In this relationship the coyote plays the role of the predator.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work