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Describe and Explain the Distribution of Settlements on the Burgess Hill Map.

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Introduction

Describe and Explain the Distribution of Settlements on the Burgess Hill Map Burgess Hill Map The settlement pattern at Burgess Hill and its surrounding area is very much influenced by the physical geography of the area. In the south of the area, there is a high zone of land, averaging at about 110m in height, about 20% of the map. In contrast, there is about 150km� of low land, all around the same height, at about 35m. There are a large amount of settlements on the low land, with very little settlement on the high ground, only small, nucleated settlements in the valleys in between the high summits. The spot heights on the higher ground decrease as you move south. There is a distinct line on the map that separates the high ground from the low, roughly following the path of the South Downs Way. ...read more.

Middle

The water supply is available from the slope because of the nature of the slope. Any precipitation that lands on the Downland slope will sink into the soil. It will be able to pass through the porous chalk, but it cannot pass through the Gault clay and Weald clay. This leaves the water in between the chalk and clay, creating a water table. The water has to leave either through the slope in the chalk to the south, or through the dip slope. Water that leaves through this slope will form a spring emanating from the soil. The spring is the water source that is still present for the farms to use, and this is why large numbers of farms settled here. This type of settlement pattern is called a 'spring line' settlement. The pattern of the farms settled matches the line of the springs. ...read more.

Conclusion

The village is accessible with road and rail links to London, and so housing has been built for commuters. There are more linear settlements where there is only a road link to London, such as in Plumpton, where the housing follows the B2116. However, the main period of growth is still in the twentieth century. There is an anomaly in the village of Stanmer, where there is no immediate water supply due to the high ground, and no immediate rail or road links to London. In conclusion, the settlement pattern on the Burgess Hill map is varied. The smaller farm settlements are largely along the bottom of the slope due to the water supply. Also, farms are in the valleys because of the high water table. The hamlets and villages are built around having access to all the rock types, and the larger villages and the small town, Burgess Hill, have grown in the last century due to rail and road links to London. ...read more.

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