• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Diabetes. There are two forms of Diabetes know as type 1 and type 2. Both of which are similar in the sense that blood glucose concentration cant be maintained by the body.

Extracts from this document...


Diabetes 1. There are two forms of Diabetes know as 'type 1' and 'type 2'. Both of which are similar in the sense that blood glucose concentration can't be maintained by the body. The difference is that 'Type 1' diabetes known as 'insulin dependent' is caused as a result of the body not being able to produce the hormone 'Insulin' which causes high blood glucose concentrations. Type 1 diabetes is the type of diabetes that typically develops in children and young adults. Type 1 is caused because the cells of the body's immune system release agents such as 'cytokines' which then kill the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas known as 'Beta Cells'. 'Type 2' diabetes known as 'non insulin dependent' is caused by the body not being able to make enough insulin and/or the insulin that it is producing can't be utilised properly due to interference with its actions from other hormones. ...read more.


If these symptoms are present then tests such as the 'fasting glucose test' and the 'glucose tolerance test' can be done. Firstly the fasting glucose test is when you can't consume food for a period of 8-10 hours before having blood drawn and tested. The procedure for the glucose tolerance test is slightly more complex. A fasting blood glucose is usually taken first to establish a baseline level. Then you are given a drink that contains 75 grams of glucose. Two hours later another blood sample is drawn to check your glucose level. If your blood glucose is under 140 mg/dl, then your glucose tolerance is considered normal. If it is 140 mg/dl to 200 mg/dl, then you have impaired glucose tolerance or prediabetes. If your glucose is over 200 mg/dl then a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes is made. ...read more.


There is also an element of heritage involved in the risk of being diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. If you're from African-Caribbean, South-Asian or Hispanic origin the chances are higher. There are currently 3 million people in the UK with diabetes, 95% of which are thought to have type 2 diabetes. Although type 2 is easier to control than type 1, (balanced diet and exercise) it makes up far more of the total. The total figure of 3 million is expected to increase considerably in the next 10 years and diabetes will continue to affect more of the population. 6. Sources used: 'Bio Factsheet' by www.curriculum-press.co.uk 'What is Diabetes?' article by Sean Hargrave 'Simple steps to a healthier life' supplement from Mediaplanet in The Times 'Obesity fuelling global diabetes pandemic' article by Sean Hargrave 'Diabetes hitting developing countries' supplement from Mediaplanet in The Times www.diabetes.co.uk http://www.patient.co.uk/health/Diabetes http://www.diabetes.com http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/diabetes ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Humans as Organisms section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Humans as Organisms essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    biology diabetes work

    4 star(s)

    causes bones to become fragile and to break), the effectiveness of your immune system may be decreased. In women, you may lose your period or have irregularities and you may have problems with infertility. Maintaining a healthy weight with a balanced diet can help improve these problems.

  2. Diabetes Type 1 and 2

    It is treated with insulin injections and a healthy diet. In most cases, type 1 diabetes is thought to be an autoimmune disease. The immune system normally makes antibodies to attack bacteria, viruses, and other germs. In autoimmune diseases the immune system makes antibodies against part or parts of the

  1. Type 1 diabetes informational leaflet. What is the difference between type 1 and type ...

    On what type 1 diabetes is, ? What causes diabetes ? The symptoms of diabetes ? The treatment of diabetes Diabetes happens when the level of glucose (sugar) in the blood becomes too high. Nor-mally, after we eat, various foods are broken down in the gut into sugars which are then ab-sorbed into the body.

  2. Does cloning benefit or endanger society?

    Summary Against Reproductive cloning isn't beneficial to society as too much effort and resources are used to achieve so little. Reproductive cloning could provide couples with the false hope that they can replace their dead child. Therapeutic cloning can be considered to be the murder of human life.

  1. HSC Module-Blueprint of Life

    * A Change in DNA Sequence: > Most mutations are a change in the DNA sequence > The smallest type is a point mutation, where only one base changes > Large changes can alter the shape of the chromosome: * DELETION: Some of the DNA is lost from a chromosome

  2. Should people with diabetes 2 receive medical treatment?

    56 31-50 years 56 51-70years 56 > 70 years 56 Females 9-13 years 34 14-18 years 46 19-30 years 46 31-50 years 46 51-70years 46 > 70 years 46 Pregnancy 14-18 years 71 19-30 years 71 31-50 years 71 Lactation 14-18 years 71 19-30 years 71 31-50 years 71 http://www.dietaryfiberfood.com/protein-requirement.php Secondly, fats or lipids.

  1. human body system

    This runs down the centre of the penis. This happens when blood is pumped into special spongy tissue in the penis. During an ejaculation semen is pumped out of the penis. This is due to the contraction of the muscles around the sperm tubes and urethra. Each ejaculation makes about a teaspoon of semen but this can contain 500 million sperms.

  2. Biology 1 Edexcel Science Overview Revision Notes.

    The water content is leveled with osmoregulation. Signals to the brain send information about the water content of the blood. The brain sends signals ? hormones ? to the kidneys, to regulate the amount of water they remove in urine.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work