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Diabetes. There are two forms of Diabetes know as type 1 and type 2. Both of which are similar in the sense that blood glucose concentration cant be maintained by the body.

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Introduction

Diabetes 1. There are two forms of Diabetes know as 'type 1' and 'type 2'. Both of which are similar in the sense that blood glucose concentration can't be maintained by the body. The difference is that 'Type 1' diabetes known as 'insulin dependent' is caused as a result of the body not being able to produce the hormone 'Insulin' which causes high blood glucose concentrations. Type 1 diabetes is the type of diabetes that typically develops in children and young adults. Type 1 is caused because the cells of the body's immune system release agents such as 'cytokines' which then kill the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas known as 'Beta Cells'. 'Type 2' diabetes known as 'non insulin dependent' is caused by the body not being able to make enough insulin and/or the insulin that it is producing can't be utilised properly due to interference with its actions from other hormones. ...read more.

Middle

If these symptoms are present then tests such as the 'fasting glucose test' and the 'glucose tolerance test' can be done. Firstly the fasting glucose test is when you can't consume food for a period of 8-10 hours before having blood drawn and tested. The procedure for the glucose tolerance test is slightly more complex. A fasting blood glucose is usually taken first to establish a baseline level. Then you are given a drink that contains 75 grams of glucose. Two hours later another blood sample is drawn to check your glucose level. If your blood glucose is under 140 mg/dl, then your glucose tolerance is considered normal. If it is 140 mg/dl to 200 mg/dl, then you have impaired glucose tolerance or prediabetes. If your glucose is over 200 mg/dl then a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes is made. ...read more.

Conclusion

There is also an element of heritage involved in the risk of being diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. If you're from African-Caribbean, South-Asian or Hispanic origin the chances are higher. There are currently 3 million people in the UK with diabetes, 95% of which are thought to have type 2 diabetes. Although type 2 is easier to control than type 1, (balanced diet and exercise) it makes up far more of the total. The total figure of 3 million is expected to increase considerably in the next 10 years and diabetes will continue to affect more of the population. 6. Sources used: 'Bio Factsheet' by www.curriculum-press.co.uk 'What is Diabetes?' article by Sean Hargrave 'Simple steps to a healthier life' supplement from Mediaplanet in The Times 'Obesity fuelling global diabetes pandemic' article by Sean Hargrave 'Diabetes hitting developing countries' supplement from Mediaplanet in The Times www.diabetes.co.uk http://www.patient.co.uk/health/Diabetes http://www.diabetes.com http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/diabetes ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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