• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Does the height of a crater affect the diameter of the crater produced?

Extracts from this document...



Does the height of a crater affect the diameter of the crater produced?


A crater is formed when a meteor for outer space strikes the lunar surface. The force of the impact obliterates the meteorite and displaces part of the moons surface, pushing the edges surrounding rock. At the same time, more displaced material shoots outward from the crater.

        I will simulate this in the classroom by using a margarine tub full of sand and using different heights to represent the distance it travelled. I will then drop the balls from my chosen heights.

The sand = The moons surface.

The balls =The meteors


All the variables that I can change and what can affect my experiment are;

  • The height in which I drop the ball from.
  • The amount of sand in the tub.
  • The size of the different individual balls.
  • The weight of the balls.
  • Speed of which the balls are travelling at.
  • The surface type
  • The angle of which the ball hits the ground.

All of these changes could affect my final results. I will have to take these into consideration when doing my experiment.


I have chosen to do the different heights that I drop the ball from. I will use only one type of ball to keep my results the same.

...read more.


Preliminary work:

Before I can obtain my results from the investigation a trial run needs to be made to verify that the experiment is set up the right way and we could make our results even more accurate with improvement. After setting up the equipment I have found that the way my experiment is set up is a very good way for my experiment. It is going to be set up just as in the labelled diagram.

Preliminary results:

To see which ball gives me the best results I have chosen these three different types of balls. I have chosen a wooden ball because I think that it is very light in weight, I have chosen steel because it is the heaviest out of all the choices and I have also chosen glass because it weighs between the other two balls.

Table of results:

                                        Diameter of crater im cm.

























From looking at this it shows me that the steel ball bearing has given me the best results because from this table it shows me that it gives me a wider range of results. I have chosen to use this ball as I said in my method earlier on.

...read more.


Vermeer Callipers, these will then measure the crater diameter more accurately to the nearest mm also I could measure the depth of the crater with these. These could be more observations that I could look at with the affect of the height of the balls are dropped from. If I was not able to uses any of this equipment then I would then get a bigger margarine tub to put the sand into so then I will then be able to get the ruler in the tub and do a straight measurement from that instead of with the compasses. To improve this investigation I could do it in more detail I could use light sensors to do the experiment because then I will be able to see what speed they travel at before it hits the ground this will then join in with the other results I have obtained.

...read more.

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Electricity and Magnetism section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Electricity and Magnetism essays

  1. Investigate how mass affects the diameter of an impact crater.

    The first exclusion is the angle of impact. This is primarily due to the reason that it would be too difficult to setup and furthermore beyond measure. The second is evenly between air resistance and gravity. This is logically due to the reason that amongst the apparatus I am provided with to conduct the experiment, these factors would be immeasurable.

  2. Does the height a ball is dropped from affect its efficiency?

    This may relate to how much the efficiency goes up as well. Height Gpe Ke Efficiency 1m 544.2j 14807.71j 1.785714286 0.9 489.78j 13329.2j 1.8 0.8 435.36j 11846.156j 1.818181818 0.7 380.94j 10367.3j 1.493936053 I have only worked out a selection of values to see if I could notice a pattern in the results.

  1. To investigate what affects the size of a crater formed by a falling object ...

    Using a ruler I flattened the sand until it was smooth and level. The variable that I am going to change during the investigation is; * The height of the ball when dropped, this way I am able to see what the affects are when the ball is dropped from greater distances.

  2. Physics ball bearing investiagtion

    * The first graph I did was on my first set of results, which I test each height 3 times, the graph showed the relationship between the depth of crater to the height it was dropped. - On my results table (depth of crater, height dropped from)

  1. Find the realtionship between gravitational potential and kinetic energy

    an object is increased, the potential energy stored in an object increases as well. This energy is converted into kinetic energy, which results in the increasing velocities of the ball. However, in the above investigation, potential energy = kinetic energy.

  2. See how changing the height that a ball is dropped affects: the height to ...

    Also I will do repeats because I will have more time available. Just like the preliminary experiment one person will drop the ball and the other person will record how high the ball returns. Measurements will be taken from the bottom of the ball by sight against a ruler.

  1. Investigate how mass affects the diameter of an impact crater.

    Gravity on earth would enhance the attractiveness of an asteroid, whereas on the moon, where the pull of gravity is less, the object would take more time to collide with the surface. Directed medium - The composition of the medium in which the asteroid collides will have an affect on the resulting crater size.

  2. Investigate how the height a ball is dropped from affects the re-bounce of it.

    I am hoping that the air resistance will balance out the heat transferred from my hand and mean that my results are reliable. My Prediction: I predict that in this experiment my results will show that the bounce height will be directly proportional to the height it is dropped from;

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work