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Drugs in sport

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Introduction

Drugs in sport * The all embracing word drugs covers a wide variety of substances; some of which are legal and illegal * Some of the obvious ones which are excepted in society and which we use on a regular basis are; caffeine, nicotine and also ethanol- more commonly known as alcohol. * Alcohol in moderation may not necessarily be a hazard to health - smoking always is! * There are also other drugs that we use on a frequent basis - these are referred to as Medicines. These could be described as 'socially acceptable' and taken in order to try to improve our health * There are also drugs that come under the term socially unacceptable and theses are illegal - these vary from country to country * This group includes: Heroin, Cocaine, LSD, Amphetamines, Barbiturates, Cannabis and Ecstasy * There is a third category - the performance Enhancing Drugs So what is a drug? ...read more.

Middle

* Even on a day to day basis sports-people make a lot of money by simply competing at a high level. The Tour de France 1998 halted because of drug scandal all the cyclists where on drugs. Even if they do not win, drugs may allow a lesser athlete to take part in their sport at a level they could not have otherwise reached Performance Enhancing drugs fall into 2 categories * Prohibited classes of substances * Prohibited methods Blood doping - taking a paint of your blood, stored in cold storage, on the day of the event the blood is put back into the body so that the individual has more blood than the average person flowing around there body therefore more oxygen molecules. What are prohibited classes of substances? * Stimulants - these help people to be more alert, enabling them to think more quickly. ...read more.

Conclusion

include dehydration, which can result in dizziness muscle cramps headaches and nausea * Peptide, chemical and physical manipulation- Theses types of drugs increase muscle growth assist in recovery What are prohibited Methods? Blood doping is a banned process naot a banned drug. If an athlete trains at high altitude the oxygen carrying capacity of their blood increases. Athlete's train at high altitude for a period of time and then have as much as 2 pints of blood taken - the body replenishes the blood. Near a compettion day the red blood cells are put back into the athletes blood steam and this process is thought to increase their performance by up to 20%. - aerobic actives The IOC has strict rules prohibited substances. At the moment there are 4000 banned substances. Taking performance-enhancing drugs is regarded as cheating and athletes found guilty pay the penalty within their sport. THEY ARE BANNED! Rachael Cull ...read more.

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