• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Effects of the Atomic Bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki

Extracts from this document...


Effects of the Atomic Bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki 

Ever since the dawn of time man has found new ways of killing each other. The most destructive way of killing people known to man would have to be the atomic bomb. The reason why the atomic bomb is so destructive is that when it is detonated, it has more than one effect. The effects of the atomic bomb are so great that Nikita Khrushchev said that the survivors would envy the dead (International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War, 1982). These devastating physical effects come from the atomic bomb’s blast, the atomic bomb’s thermal radiation, and the atomic bomb’s nuclear radiation.

An atomic bomb is any weapon that gets its destructive power from an atom. This power comes when the matter inside of the atoms is transformed into energy. The process by which this is done is known as fission. The only two atoms suitable for fissioning are the uranium isotope U-235 and the plutonium isotope Pu-239 (Outlaw Labs). Fission occurs when a neutron, a subatomic particle with no electrical charge, strikes the nucleus of one of these isotopes and causes it to split apart.

...read more.


The thermal radiation produced by an atomic bomb explosion will account for thirty-five percent of the atomic bomb’s damage. Thermal radiation can come in either one of three forms; ultraviolet radiation, visible radiation, or infrared radiation. The ultraviolet radiation is absorbed so rapidly by air particles that it has no substantial effect on people (World Book, 1990). However, the visible and infrared radiation creates an enormous amount of heat to be produced, approximately ten million degrees Celsius at the hypocenter (Physicians and Scientists on Nuclear War, 1981). This heat has two main effects. The first is known as flash burns. These flash burns are produced by the flash of thermal radiation right after the explosion. Flash burns can be either first degree burns (bad sun burns), second degree burns ( blisters, infections, and scars), or third degree burns (destroyed skin tissue). The second type is known as flame burns. These are burns that come from one of two different types of fires, which are created when flammable materials are ignited by the thermal radiation. The first type is called firestorms. A firestorm is violent, has raging winds, and has extremely high temperatures; but fortunately it does not spread very rapidly. The second type is called a conflagration.
...read more.


“Any nuclear war would inevitably cause death, disease, and suffering of pandemic proportions and without the possibility of effective medical intervention. The only hope for humanity is prevention of any form of Nuclear War.

The examples of Hiroshima and Nagasaki will hopefully be the first and the last time that the power of the atomic bomb will ever be used.

...read more.

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Radioactivity section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Radioactivity essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Is nuclear power the future? Should we build more nuclear power stations in ...

    4 star(s)

    nuclear waste is a huge cost that also needs to be taken into account. Nuclear waste is also a target for terrorists because of how dangerous it is. If for example it contaminates the water supply it could potentially affect millions.

  2. Peer reviewed

    Rabbit Proof Fence Essay - review

    The Europeans thought that the half-caste children would have a better health if they were brought up in a European lifestyle, using their diet, doctors etc.

  1. Mutagenesis: The Effect of Radiation on Radish Seeds.

    & Std. Dev. (mm) P Value Effect Control (0 Rads) 25.11 � 18.51 --- --- 50,000 Rads 26.78 � 28.12 0.9641 N 150,000 Rads 6.364 � 14.22 0.02214 Y 500,000 Rads 2.556 � 5.003 0.008418 Y 4,000,000 Rads 0 � 0 --- --- Table 5.

  2. Radiation: are mobile phones unsafe? Mobiles use electromagnetic radiation in order to send and ...

    Another piece of evidence for the frequency being too low to cause damage is that people have been using mobile phones for years. If the frequency was high enough to cause any possible damage, many people would have damaged health since most people use their mobile phones everyday.


    They are dumped in landfills and sometimes dumped in drums in the case of leakages. Intermediate Level - this can be high level waste decayed or materials from inside a nuclear power stations, or left over radioactive materials. This sometimes remains radioactive for years.

  2. Can mobile phones cause cancer

    cancer, on this same page they then say when they had done research in a few countries in Europe, and they had found out that it might cause acoustic neuroma. "Acoustic neuroma is a noncancerous (benign) tumor that develops adjacent to your brain on a portion of the eighth cranial

  1. First nuclear bomb

    To make the task even more difficult, the useful U-235 and nearly useless U-238 are isotopes, nearly identical in their chemical makeup. No ordinary chemical extraction method could separate them; only mechanical methods could work.

  2. Do Mobile Phones Cause Brain Tumours

    15- http://www.bbc.co.uk/sn/tvradio/programmes/shouldiworryabout/mobiles.shtml This link is fairly reliable although its details are unclear. The writer is unlisted and no date of last edit is shown. However, from my own judgement, some of the evidence included seems to be accurate and not from another source.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work