• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3
  4. 4
    4
  5. 5
    5
  6. 6
    6
  7. 7
    7
  8. 8
    8
  9. 9
    9
  10. 10
    10

Enzymes Coursework (GCSE)

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Enzymes Coursework Enzymes are biological catalysts, they are found inside every living cell and speed up chemical reactions. They are made up from a long chain of amino acids folded in upon itself until it has a cleft in the exact shape and size of the molecule it was designed to act on, this makes enzymes specific to one reaction - an enzyme with an active site the shape of starch molecules can't act upon hydrogen peroxide molecules. This is the lock and key hypothesis. Only the right key will fit the lock, only the right enzyme will act on the substrate. The catalase enzyme will help break down hydrogen peroxide into water and oxygen, this reaction would take place anyway but it would not happen as fast and would require more energy - the enzyme speeds up the reaction and reduces the required amount of energy. The lock and key hypothesis takes place when the enzyme comes into contact with the specific substrate and the substrate slots into the active site to form an enzyme/substrate complex, here the enzyme speeds up the process of breaking up the substrate. The enzyme/substrate complex:- The Lock and Key Hypothesis:- There are many variables that will affect the speed of this reaction, one of them is the temperature - different enzymes will have different optimum temperatures that they work at, this depends on where the enzyme is to be found. ...read more.

Middle

Using the forceps I will drop the required amount of discs (6 for the first three experiments, 9 for the next three experiments, 12 for the last three experiments) into the boiling tube containing the hydrogen Peroxide, I will give this a quick swirl then place it back in the beaker full of water at 37�c and push the bung on the end of the delivery tube into the top of the boiling tube, at the same time starting the stopwatch. Every 30 seconds for 5 minutes I will record how much gas has collected in the upside down measuring cylinder. I will repeat this experiment as many times as I need to. To make sure I am performing a fair test I will make sure that all the measurements I carry out are as accurate as possible - the water will be at exactly 37�c in every experiment, every potato core will have been cut with the same corer and every disc will be 1mm thick, I will use 10cm� of Hydrogen Peroxide in each experiment. Doing this will make sure that all the variables remain constant apart from the amount of potato disks used - which is what I am investigating - making this a fair test. Here is my equipment Layout In this experiment I will be very careful in my measuring of the Hydrogen Peroxide, the size of the potato discs and the temperature of the water as these are variables I will be keeping constant. ...read more.

Conclusion

I did not have the required equipment for any of these improvements. Other causes for my anomalies could be that if the Hydrogen Peroxide (H2O2) had been left out for a while it could have degraded. This would dilute it, reducing the chance of a Hydrogen Peroxide molecule colliding with the enzyme, slowing down the reaction. Also the potato I used could affect the reaction rates. In all my experiments I used the same potato but I did each set of experiments (6 discs, 9 discs and 12 discs) on separate days so the potato was ageing. The age of the potato affects the amount of enzymes it contains, the older it is the fewer enzymes. Therefore it is likely that there were slightly fewer enzymes in the potato disks I used in the nine discs experiment than the 6 discs experiment and slightly fewer enzymes in my 12 discs experiment than in my 9 and 6 discs experiments. The fewer the enzymes the fewer active sites available and the less chance of collision between enzyme and substrate. This produces a slower reaction. To extend my experiment I could find the temperature at which the enzymes stop catalysing the reaction either due to denaturing or lack of energy due to insufficient heat. To do this experiment I would use a set amount of potato disks and change the temperature of the water bath, recording the amount of gas collected in 5 minutes for a range of temperatures between 10�c to 40�c. ?? ?? ?? ?? Rowan Griffin 10JH 1 Biology Coursework ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Life Processes & Cells section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Life Processes & Cells essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Photosynthesis Coursework

    4 star(s)

    Method Apparatus list Desk lamp Audus apparatus Canadian pond weed Knife Clamp Pond water Thermometer Test-tube Beaker Cold water Stopwatch Cut a stem of Canadian pondweed of about 3cm in length. Fill a test-tube with pond water, and place it in a clamp, and then in a large beaker of cold water.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Biology Coursework Enzymes

    4 star(s)

    This preliminary work will give me experience and extra information about how amylase reacts with starch. Apparatus The apparatus I will use to conduct my preliminary work will be: * Amylase solution (3%) * Starch solution (5%) * Iodine * Boiling tube * 10ml Measuring cylinder * Spotting tile (with 12 wells)

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Biology Coursework

    3 star(s)

    Makes a copy of itself 2. Replicated chromosomes align in centre of cell and cell fibres pull them apart 3. Membranes form around the sets of chromosomes 4. Cytoplasm separates Meiosis - cell division which produces unidentical sex cells, needed for reproduction. Examples: Sperm and Ovum (sex they form new cell which will become zygote)

  2. For my coursework I had to study enzymes (catalysts) and the rate of reaction ...

    - Increase the weight of enzyme by 1 gram for more of a reaction. - Perform each test 3 times for more reliable results. - Check the gas syringe and all the other equipment is working properly. Final Results Concentration Of H2O2 (%)

  1. Free essay

    Osmosis Coursework

    Although it seems as though the concentration of the water is the same, the amount in the solution is actually more than the concentration of water inside the chip. Therefore, there should be a little decrease in the mass and length of the potato chip because of water loss.

  2. Osmosis Coursework

    "The cells have negative solute potential and therefore have a low water potential. The water outside has a high potential of 0. So there is an inflow of water into the cells by osmosis. Without a cell wall to stop the expansion of the cell, water keeps entering the cell until it bursts.

  1. osmosis coursework

    (all potato chips should be 2cm) 3. When you have accurately cut them take all ten potato chips to a weighing machine to measure the mass. Record the mass for every potato chip in a table. 4. Once you have completed the table get 5 boiling tubes all the same size also get a graduating pipette.

  2. Science Enzymes Coursework

    Pepsin, trypsin, and some other enzymes possess, in addition, the peculiar property known as autocatalysis, which permits them to cause their own formation from an inert precursor called zymogen. As a consequence, these enzymes may be reproduced in a test tube.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work