• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Enzymes Essay; Enzymes used in the Baby Food industry

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Enzymes used in the 'Baby Food' industry Enzymes allow chemical reactions to be carried out under milder conditions (lower temperature and pressure), thus saving costs. Since most supplements are not substrates for enzymes, the enzymes usually do not interact with them. You should be able to mix most supplements and medicines with enzymes. Enzymes may affect the properties of time-released medications increasing the rate at which they are broken-down, and thus, released. The enzymes which are used in baby food are there because they allow the food to be pre-digested in the baby's stomach. ...read more.

Middle

The main two enzymes used in the baby food industry are 'protease' and 'lipases'. A protease enzyme is usually used to break down protein it does this when it breaks peptide bonds by a process called hydrolosis. These bonds are linked together to create an amino acid. The best condition for use of protease is in acidic areas. Finally the proteases occur naturally in all organisms. A lipase is a water-soluble enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of ester bonds in water-insoluble, lipid substrates. ...read more.

Conclusion

A protease in another industry is not used as it creates a higher mortality rate in the medicine industry for HIV/Aids. This enzyme has therefore been made into an alternate structure but with the same properties but not with the same processes. This in turn creates a social factor to be seen when treating the disease so the scientists have made a new type of ingredient called NNRTI to serve the same purpose as the protease enzyme. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Humans as Organisms section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

3 star(s)

***
A few good points but this is otherwise a rather superficial overview of the topic. The author should double check finished work to make sure it reads well and makes sense.

Marked by teacher Adam Roberts 30/07/2013

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Humans as Organisms essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Biology Revision notes - Human Biology

    5 star(s)

    BMI Value Weight Status Under 20 Underweight 20-24 Normal 25-30 Overweight Over 30 Obese Malaria Malaria is the 3rd biggest killer. It is caused by a protozoan called Plasmodium which is a parasite. Symptoms include: * Shivering * Sweating * Pain in the limbs and muscles * Feeling tired *

  2. Marked by a teacher

    The effect of different sugar substrates on the rate of yeast respiration

    4 star(s)

    Below are descriptions of the sugar substrates that I will use in my investigations, Glucose Glucose is by far the most common carbohydrate and classified as a monosaccharide. It is the most common respiratory sugar and is directly phosphorylated in the first stage of respiration, Glycolysis.

  1. Marked by a teacher

    biology diabetes work

    4 star(s)

    Being too overweight is likely to cause type 2 diabetes and later on in life gives you a higher chance of getting heart disease; it could be harder to breathe and sleep. It can cause aches and pains, also make people feel tired all the time.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    How Does Lifestyle Affect the Circulatory System?

    3 star(s)

    Smoking not only gives people problems in their respirtory system but also causes tar to build up in ateries which again makes it hard for the heart to pump blood around the body.

  1. An experiment to investigate the rate of anaerobic respiration of yeast in various respiratory ...

    pH7, so using a pH7 buffer solution would ensure the solution will be neutral at the start of the experiment. Most enzymes work in a narrow pH range. pH changes outside this range alter ionic charges of acidic and basic groups of amino acids.

  2. Human biology short notes

    Water * Acts a solvent * Absorbs heat (temperature regulation) * Provides a medium for chemical reactions Salt * Maintains the osmotic balance in the body Change in Diet Obesity Kwashiorkor Pregnancy Puberty (Girls) Is excess growth Diet high in fat Leads sudden gain of weight Blockage of blood vessels

  1. Experiment to Investigate Factors Affecting the Rate of Respiration in Yeast

    I think that I have achieved this. I have found out that the rate of respiration in yeast is affected by a number of factors, and these include the factor I chose to investigate (temperature of the surroundings). I found during my experiments that as I raised the temperature of

  2. The aim of the experiment is to find out the effect exercise has on ...

    The length of time is proportional to the heart rate. The graph shows that the heart rate didn't increase a huge amount for the first minute but then increased very steeply for most of the rest of the exercise.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work