• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain Forces and motion.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Forces

A force is a push or a pull that acts on an object in order to change its state of motion.

Forces can be internal, generated by ourselves through muscular contraction, and external, from outside the body such as gravity, friction, air resistance and those caused by reactions with the ground or some other external body.

Forces are vector quantities so they have a magnitude and direction.

Pressure is the force per unit area applied to a surface. When a person stands on the floor in an upright position the supporting area of their feet will experience a ground reaction force. This will be equal and opposite to the weight of the person. The reaction force does not pass through a single point but is distributed over the supporting area of the feet

The pressure is calculated by;

Pressure = force/area  (Nm-2)

...read more.

Middle

Fluid forces

Fluid forces are caused by air and water, when an object moves through water or air it is affected by fluid friction which acts in the opposite direction of the moving body. the amount of air resistance of fluid friction experienced depends upon the shape of the object and the speed at which the object is moving.

Air resistance affects most sporting activities, although its affects on performance differ. Air resistance can affect the performer in flight e.g. long jump, Projectiles such as balls, shuttle cocks and javelins, Cyclists and Sprinters.

Air resistance on a projectile while in flight may change the parabolic flight path. These are the expected flight paths on different projectiles:

image00.png

Flight paths can be categorised as:

  • Parabolic (a uniform symmetrical shape)
  • Nearly parabolic
  • Asymmetrical

Faster moving objects have greater air resistance.

...read more.

Conclusion

Speed of the swimmer. The relationship between speed and drag is positive – the faster you swim, the greater the drag. In competitive swimming the swimmers have to swim as fast as they can so there is little they can do to prevent the increased drag so they have to adopt an efficient technique that minimises drag yet enables fast swimming.

Gravity

Gravity is an external force that naturally occurs and pulls a body or object towards the centre of the earth. Newton’s law of gravitation states:

All particles attract one another with a force proportional to the product of their masses, and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them.

Due to the immense difference between the mass of the earth and object involved in sporting activity, the gravitational force of attraction between the two bodies is large, and has a significant effect upon performance.

...read more.

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Forces and Motion section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Forces and Motion essays

  1. Energies and motion involved in bouncing balls.

    This will add to the gravitational potential energy. Efficiency = (height of bounce / height dropped from) x 100 (as a percentage) I can also calculate kinetic energy and velocity at impact with the surface. Equipment: * 2 x metre rulers * Balance * Range of balls * Blue tack Method: Two metre rulers will be stuck onto

  2. Pressure distribution over a symmetrical airfoil.

    The plastic tubing from these orifices is connected to separate monometers. The local velocity in the boundary layer on the ceiling of the wind tunnel will be measured. Since the static pressure is constant throughout the ceiling boundary layer, a single static tap on the ceiling at the measurement station

  1. Prove that "Frictional Forces are Surface dependant".

    It allows a conveyor belt to turn on the pulleys without slipping. Without friction, we would not have been able to walk on the pavement; we would have kept on slipping! That's why it is hard to walk on ice; it produces friction that is less than the pavement, and therefore causes us our shoes to slip.

  2. Investigation into the range of a ski jump

    Graph: In this experiment a graph of R against h1 would seem suitable at first thought. The previously derived formula: R=V(4x h1 x h2) When used in a graph this formula would not give any sort of relevant and conclusive result.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work