• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Factor affecting osmosis in plant cells.

Extracts from this document...


Biology Coursework - Factor affecting osmosis in plant cells Introduction Osmosis is the passage of water molecules from a weaker solution into a stronger solution through a partially permeable membrane. Plant cells are surrounded by a cell wall. This is fully permeable, which means it will not let any molecules go through it, so osmosis will not occur across it. A plant cell also has a cell membrane just like an animal cell. The cell membrane is selectively permeable in the same way as an animal cell. As the water goes in the cytoplasm and vacuole will swell. However, the plant cell has a very strong cell wall around it. The cell wall is much stronger than the cell membrane and it stops the plant cell from bursting. The cytoplasm presses out against the cell wall, but the cell wall resists and presses back on the contents Prediction I predict that the piece of potato in the highest concentration of sucrose will lose weight or gain the least. The piece of potato in the lowest concentration of sucrose will gain the most. I predict this because the water molecules move from a weaker solution into a stronger solution. The water molecules will pass through the partially permeable wall of the potato and into the potato. e.g. 20% sucrose = 4.7g > 4.72g 0% sucrose = 4.7g > 5.02g Planning In my experiment I am going to keep the volume of the solution the same and the weight and mass of the potato the same. ...read more.


Change in mass (g) % change in mass 1 20 4.70 4.45 -0.35 -5.3% 2 15 4.78 4.98 0.2 4.2% 3 10 4.69 4.94 0.25 5.3% 4 5 4.72 4.89 0.17 3.6% 5 3 4.75 4.90 0.15 3.19% 6 1 4.68 4.79 0.11 4.4% 7 0 4.71 5.03 0.32 6.8% Experiment 2 Test Tube no. % Concentration of sucrose Mass of potato before (g) Mass of potato after (g) Change in mass (g) % change in mass 1 20 4.17 4.29 0.12 2.9% 2 15 4.03 4.15 0.12 3% 3 10 4.11 4.21 0.10 2.4% 4 5 4.15 4.19 0.04 1% 5 3 3.42 3.6 0.18 5.3% 6 1 4.19 4.32 0.13 3.1% 7 0 4.18 4.31 0.13 3.1% Experiment 3 Test Tube no. % Concentration of sucrose Mass of potato before (g) Mass of potato after (g) Change in mass (g) % change in mass 1 20 5.54 5.75 0.21 3.8% 2 15 5.56 5.58 0.02 0.4% 3 10 5.52 5.56 0.04 0.7% 4 5 5.6 5.64 0.04 0.7% 5 3 5.56 5.67 0.11 2% 6 1 5.63 5.79 0.16 2.8% 7 0 5.66 5.77 0.11 1.9% Experiment 4 Test Tube no. % Concentration of sucrose Mass of potato before (g) Mass of potato after (g) Change in mass (g) % change in mass 1 20 3.05 3.31 0.24 8.5% 2 15 3.03 3.28 0.21 8.2% 3 10 2.98 3.28 0.3 10% 4 5 3.01 3.34 0.33 11% 5 3 ...read more.


They move in osmosis, which is the passage of water molecules from a weaker solution to a stronger solution. They move from the weaker sucrose solution into the stronger solution of the potato. Evaluation My experiment went quite well but I could improve it. In my experiment the results were quite accurate. I only got one anomalous result and three, which were slightly off the line of best fit. I could of improved my experiment by using the same sized cork borer for all the experiment because once I had to use a smaller one. I could have spent more time trying to get the potatoes more the same size but we where slightly short of time. If I would have had more time I also would have left the potato in the solution for longer e.g. 1 hour. I also would have got a potato with a higher dry matter e.g. a maris piper and I could have put clear labels on the test tubes to prevent them from getting mixed up. My results where very reliable I think because I did the experiment four times and got roughly the same results. If someone where to repeat the experiment they would get roughly the same results that I got. I could do further research by maybe testing out some other vegetables which grow under ground like a potato and test osmosis again with them. I would test them in about the same way as I did with the potato. Heather Bibby ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Life Processes & Cells section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

3 star(s)

In this report on an investigation into the effect of sucrose concentration on percentage mass change in potato tissue, the writer follows the standard GCSE structure for practical write-ups covering all the main sections, albeit not always in sufficient detail.

[1] The introduction was a little brief and could have described work carried out by other scientists on the same topic.

[2] The method lacked detail with regard to numerical values (times, volumes, concentrations) but was otherwise clear and appropriate.

[3] The results were quite bizarre with the four replicates generating very different data with no obvious trends.

[4] Unfortunately, the student did not analyse this data in a realistic way, choosing to ignore the lack of consistency (and reliability).

However, although the quality of the data collected is poor, the student makes a fair attempt at writing up the work and with the improvements listed above, would gain a middle grade at GCSE.

3 stars

Marked by teacher Ross Robertson 10/05/2013

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Life Processes & Cells essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Biology Coursework - Osmosis

    5 star(s)

    possible, I will use a scalpel to cut identical pieces of potato, and then weigh them to find their starting mass. Condition of Potato at beginning of experiment To make sure the condition of the different potato chips is near identical, I will use potatoes of the same variety treated

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Isotonic Point of Potatoes

    5 star(s)

    As a result, there is a concentration gradient and thus water moves from a region of a high water potential to a region of low water potential. The effect is that water diffuses out of the potato cells, thus leading to a decrease in the mass of these cells.

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Osmosis in Potato Chips

    5 star(s)

    7.35 7.07 50 8.23 8.23 7.92 7.89 6.98 60 7.44 7.40 7.29 7.26 7.02 60 7.82 7.77 7.53 7.28 6.80 60 7.84 7.82 7.31 7.64 6.24 80 7.90 7.91 6.78 5.11 4.73 80 8.16 7.81 6.97 5.23 4.78 80 7.77 7.62 6.43 5.04 4.75 100 7.98 5.77 4.49 3.79 3.12

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Potato / Osmosis Experiment.

    5 star(s)

    11 10ml solutions with varying concentrations were created. The concentrations of the solutions were the following- water, 9 ml concentrated solution with 1 ml water, 8 ml concentrated solution with 2 ml water, 7 ml concentrated solution with 3 ml water, 6 ml concentrated solution with 4 ml water,

  1. Marked by a teacher

    How does the concentration of a sucrose solution affect the rate of Osmosis in ...

    5 star(s)

    Despite the fact that the results did not fit exactly with my prediction, they showed me that there is a definite link between the concentration of a sucrose solution that a potato is placed in for an hour, and the rate of osmosis.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    "Osmosis" - The Potato Experiment.

    4 star(s)

    The point of equilibrium is the point where the line on the graph crosses the axis. This is also the point where the piece of potato doesn't shrink or increase in mass or length. A Fair Test For the results to be accurate and reliable, the experiment must be a fair test.

  1. Experiment investigating concentration of sucrose solution and potatoes

    Dilutions: (all dilutions made for 50ml) * 1 molar sugar solution = 50ml sugar solution * 0.2 molar solution = 10ml sugar solution + 40ml pure water * 0.4 molar solution = 20ml sugar solution + 30ml pure water * 0.6 molar solution = 30ml sugar solution + 20ml pure

  2. Estimate the concentration of the cytoplasm of potato cells.

    So to try and increase my results accuracy I must try and keep the surface area as similar as possible Concentration of Solution: In Osmosis there is the rule that the water transfer must be moving from a high concentration to a low concentration, so I believe that with the

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work