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Factors Affecting the Development of Coronary Heart Disease

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Introduction

Factors Affecting the Development of Coronary Heart Disease Twelve million Americans, that's one in every five people, suffer from coronary heart disease (CHD). It is the number one killer of men and women in almost every economically developed country. In the UK alone 1.4 million people suffer from angina and 300 thousand experience heart attacks yearly, these two are the most common and serious symptoms of Coronary Heart Disease. It is clear that this disease, which is ever expanding, has already tightly gripped the world we live in, nobody doubts its danger or the fact that steps must be taken to prevent its occurrence. To do this however the factors that affect its development must be investigated and from this data preventative steps can be suggested. Coronary heart disease is a chronic disease in which there is a hardening of the arteries on the surface of the heart, this is also known as arteriosclerosis. The arteries become so narrow and stiff that they block the free flow of blood that is so vital to the function of the circulatory system. ...read more.

Middle

A more obvious method would be to carefully control your food intake so that appropriate substances such as vitamins and minerals could counteract the process, other foods however such as fats and oils such as saturated fat and tropical oils have been known to speed up the diseases development because of their high cholesterol content. A person's cholesterol ratio, in theory must be no more than 200 milligrams per decilitre and no more than five times the HDL level for the person to be considered healthy. LDL and tryglyceride quantities should be kept to a minimum along with homocysteine levels. Homocysteine is an amino acid produced as a by-product of meat metabolism. High homocysteine levels have been linked to damage of the arteries, therefore a person's intake of B-vitamins should be high as these ensure levels to stay safe. Obesity and being overweight are major risk factors for a number of serious health conditions, including high blood pressure, diabetes, heart attack and stroke, all of which worsen or develop cases of CHD. ...read more.

Conclusion

Cigarettes contain a substance called Nicotine, which is known to contract blood vessels and to release hormones that raise blood pressure, a condition that worsens CHD. Also, Smokers have distinctly higher levels of carbon monoxide in their blood, a gas that reduces the amount of hemoglobin available to carry oxygen. This in turn means that the availability of oxygen to the tissues is reduced, this includes muscle tissues in the heart, they are more likely to be weakened and may die which would cause a heart attack. None of the mentioned effects of smoking would appear to be anything else but supportive of the development of coronary heart disease. Some research has pointed to moderate alcohol consumption to be beneficial in lowering the risk of CHD, and also cholesterol levels of older sufferers should be kept balanced according to some research, with low cholesterol levels putting them at even more risk of developing or worsening coronary heart disease. There are many theories going back and forth but the main factors that I conclude effect the development of coronary heart disease are; Medical History, Diet, Cholesterol Ratio & Homocysteine levels, Exercise, Body Weight, Stress Management, Smoking and Blood Pressure. David Raan 12Be Candidate N� 7334 Centre N� 20946 1 ...read more.

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