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Find out the compounds that would get formed when heating copper carbonate.

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Introduction

In this experiment, I'll try to find out the compounds that would get formed when heating copper carbonate. The colour of CuO and Cu2O are black and red respectively. Heating copper carbonate strongly will produce copper (ll) oxide and carbon dioxide that will be given off so basically the equation that results from this is: CuCO3 (s) ? CuO (s) + CO2 (g). By heating for about 3g of the green powder of copper carbonate, I should obtain a new compound with the black colour proving the presence of copper (ll) oxide. The volume of the carbon dioxide that will result from heating copper carbonate depends on the mass of copper carbonate. Actually, it is proportional to it: the bigger the mass of copper carbonate the bigger the volume of gas given off and the bigger the mass of the product formed. ...read more.

Middle

* Green powder of copper carbonate. * Bell jar. (Eye protection required: WEAR SAFETY GOGGLES ?TAKE CARE TO AVOID BURNS. WEIGH (to the nearest 0.01g) EVERYTHING TWICE AT LEAST TO AVOID ERRORS. 1. Set the tripod, Bunsen burner (switched off), heatproof mat and pipe clay triangle as above. 2. Weigh the crucible and lid and record the measurement. 3. Letting the crucible on the balance, add the powder of copper carbonate for a little more than 3.00g. 4. Put the lid back and record the measurement. 5. Place the set onto the pipe clay triangle. 6. Switch the Bunsen burner on and heat the crucible strongly. 7. Using the tongs, lift the lid slightly from time to time to check whether the colour of the copper carbonate has completely changed or not. 8. When the colour has changed totally (after about 10 minutes), switch the Bunsen burner off and remove the crucible and lid using tongs form the pipe clay triangle. ...read more.

Conclusion

This method could only enable us to calculate the volume. The total uncertainties in that volume is the same of one of the mass of copper oxide formed for they depend quantitatively to the mass of copper carbonate used. The chemical balance was accurate to 0.01g. That error is [?(0.01/3.72) x 100] ? 0.27% then the order of proportionality of the results are: V CO2 (g) = (0.723 ? 0.0027) dm-3 and M CuO (s) = (2.59 ? 0.0027) g. If I had to repeat this experiment, I would use a gas inch well greased (to enable the pressure of gas to push it) by which I can just measure the volume of gas directly using a similar mass. ( www.wpbschoolhouse.btinternet.co.uk/page13/ChemicalTests.htm http://www.pgo.pwp.blueyonder.co.uk/StBrnards/science/year8/scheme_/Pt72.html "Collins Advanced Science Chemistry" by Chris Conoley and Phil Hills. (Second Edition); page 566. The Visual Dictionary of Chemistry by Jack Challoner (Eyewitness Visual Dictionaries) Copyright 1996. A-Level Chemistry, third edition (Ramsden). Page 526 1 ...read more.

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