• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

First nuclear bomb

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The First Nuclear Bombimage00.jpg

Scientists Who Invented the Atomic Bomb under the Manhattan Project: Robert Oppenheimer, David Bohm, Leo Szilard, Eugene Wigner, Otto Frisch, Rudolf Peierls, Felix Bloch, Niels Bohr, Emilio Segre, James Franck, Enrico Fermi, Klaus Fuchs and Edward Teller.

On August 2, 1939, just before the beginning of World War II, Albert Einstein wrote to then President Franklin D. Roosevelt. Einstein and several other scientists told Roosevelt of efforts in Nazi Germany to purify uranium-235, which could be used to build an atomic bomb. It was shortly thereafter that the United States Government began the serious undertaking known then only as "The Manhattan Project.

...read more.

Middle

A massive enrichment laboratory/pla nt was constructed at Oak Ridge, Tennessee. Harold Urey and his colleagues at Columbia University devised an extraction system that worked on the principle of gaseous diffusion, and Ernest Lawrence (inventor of the Cyclotron) at the University of California in Berkeley implemented a process involving magnetic separation of the two isotopes. Next, a gas centrifuge was used to further separate the lighter U-235 from the heavier, non-fissionable U-238. Once all of these procedures had been completed, all that needed to be done was to put to the test the entire concept behind atomic fission ("splitting the atom," in layman's terms).

Over the course of six

...read more.

Conclusion

Upon witnessing the explosion, its creators had mixed reactions. Isidor Rabi felt that the equilibrium in nature had been upset as if humankind had become a threat to the world it inhabited. Robert Oppenheimer, though ecstatic about the success of the project, quoted a remembered fragment from the Bhagavad Gita. "I am become Death," he said, "the destroyer of worlds." Ken Bainbridge, the test director, told Oppenheimer, "Now we're all sons of bitches."

After viewing the results several participants signed petitions against loosing the monster they had created, but their protests fell on deaf ears. The Jornada del Muerto of New Mexico would not be the last site on planet Earth to experience an atomic explosionimage00.jpg

...read more.

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Radioactivity section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Radioactivity essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Is nuclear power the future? Should we build more nuclear power stations in ...

    4 star(s)

    from Ventyx Velocity suite, shows how the cost of electricity production from oil and gas has increased over the last few years. While the cost of using coal has remained similar, coal is the heaviest polluter, releasing huge amounts of carbon dioxide and sulphur dioxide.

  2. Should radioactive smoke alarms be a compulsory purchase?

    In addition, the present government is Conservative and is not keen on interfering too much in peoples' lives so it is unlikely to support legislation which takes away peoples' freedom of choice. Furthermore, how would you enforce such legislation? There would have to be inspections to ensure that homes were adequately protected and that owners were maintaining their equipment correctly.

  1. SHOULD MORE NUCLEAR POWER STATIONS BE BUILT IN BRITAIN?

    sources of energy are not good enough or as efficient compared to nuclear power. It is also saying that the renewable sources will not be able to successfully fulfil the countries needs of electricity. This has been proven in some aspects as only 10% of energy sources are renewable.

  2. Manhattan project

    and there would have been no question that millions would have died as a consequence of the Nazis dropping the bomb. For instance if 140,000 people were killed by two bombs being released imagine how many people would have died if 50 or more bombs would have been dropped.

  1. is nuclear power sustainable

    The moderator can sometimes be made out of graphite it is usually applied straight to the uranium as a coating but sometimes the uranium is inserted into a sleeve of graphite. The energy released from fission heats water flowing through pipes that turns it into steam making its way to

  2. Nuclear Power

    When the contaminated crop is eaten or drank it could cause radioactive poisoning in a cell which will have the same effects as in the above diagram. Data from the Office of National Statistics show that people living around the Bradwell nuclear plant in Essex are 10% more likely to

  1. Effects of the Atomic Bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki

    This type of stomic bomb was used on Nagasaki, and given the nickname "Fat Man" after Winston Churchill (Outlaw Labs). The blast from an atomic bomb's explosion will last for only one-half to one second, but in this amount of time a great deal of damage is done (Physicians and Scientists on Nuclear War, 1981).

  2. Strontium is an alkaline earth metal in Group two Period five

    They can break chemical bonds and form ions. Beta particles are released if a nucleus has too many neutrons for the protons; it is believed they break down into a proton, an electron and an antineutrino. The proton stays in the nucleus while the electron and the antineutrino are ejected with a great deal of energy.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work