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Folic acid.

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o Profesor: - Ana Figueroa o Students: - Romina Broitman - Angeles Tessey - Luc´┐Ża Voegeli What is folic acid? Folic acid is a water soluble B-vitamin that helps build healthy cells. "Water soluble" means it does not stay in your body for very long, so you need to take it every day to help prevent neural tube defects. During periods of rapid growth, such as pregnancy and fetal development, the body's requirement for this vitamin increases. There are two different forms of folic acid: 1. Synthetic form. This form is found in: o multivitamins o fortified bread and grain products, like breakfast cereals o folic acid prescriptions (Women at increased risk for spina bifida need a prescription for folic acid. Please speak with your health care provider.) 2. Natural form (also called "folate"). This form is available in foods like: o leafy green vegetables o some fruits and juices The following foods contain significant quantities of folic acid: barley, beef, bran, brewer's yeast, brown rice, cheese, chicken, dates, green leafy vegetables, lamb, legumes, lentils, liver, milk, mushrooms, oranges, split peas, pork, root vegetables, salmon, tuna, wheat germ, whole grains, and whole wheat. ...read more.


Many things can affect a baby, including family genes and things women may come in contact with during pregnancy. Taking folic acid cannot guarantee having a healthy baby, but it can help. Since NTDs occur early in pregnancy, often before a woman knows she is pregnant, it is important to take folic acid every day. Taking folic acid before and during early pregnancy reduces the risk of spina bifida and other neural tube defects. Folic Acid Considered a brain food, folic acid is needed for energy production and the formation of red blood cells. It also strengthens immunity by aiding in the proper formation and functioning of white blood cells. Because it functions as a coenzyme in DNA an RNA synthesis, it is important for healthy cell division and replication. It is involved in protein metabolism, and has been used in the prevention and treatment of folic acid anemia. This nutrient may also help depression and anxiety. Folic acid is very important in pregnancy. ...read more.


Folic Acid Can Help Prevent Birth Defects All women need folic acid because it works best for you and your baby early in the first month of pregnancy, a time when you may not even know you're pregnant. Continued use of folic acid after the first month of pregnancy, and throughout your life, ensures the future good health of you and your family. Folic acid can reduce certain birth defects of the brain and spinal cord by more than 70 percent. These birth defects are called neural tube defects (NTDs). NTDs happen when the spinal cord fails to close properly. The most common neural tube defect is spina bifida. This occurs when part of the baby's spinal cord remains outside the body. The baby may have paralyzed legs and, later, may develop bladder and bowel control problems. The most serious neural tube defect is anencephaly. The baby is born without part of its skull and brain, and eventually dies. Folic acid also may help lower your chances of getting heart disease and some types of cancers. It may help protect you from having a stroke, as well. ...read more.

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