• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Genetic modification

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The potential costs, risks and benefits of genetic modification Genetic modification is the process of removing one piece of DNA from a gene in one organism and transferring it a vector in another organism. Genetic modification alters the genetic material of that organism using recombinant DNA technology. Transgenic organisms are organisms which DNA that has been inserted into it has come from another species. Genetic modification involves the changing of the genetic material of an organism. You cut a gene form an organism using enzymes, and then transfer it to the cell of a completely different organism. There is a lot of controversy surrounding genetic modification based on whether it is moral or right to be doing such a thing to plants and animals. ...read more.

Middle

Another risk from genetically modifying an organism is that it may be possible for us humans to contract allergies and diseases from these experiments. However, scientists believe that although there is a risk of us humans receiving possibly dire diseases, genetic modification can enable them to find treatment or even a cure for these diseases. No one is completely sure of the long term effects of genetic modification and there are many concerns about it. An additional risk people think Genetic modification has on humans is that eating genetically modified foods may cause harm or effect human health. There is also a worry that the genetically modified organism's genes may spread out into the wildlife of normal animals and plants and cause them to breed this new gene passing it down from generation to generation. ...read more.

Conclusion

A big advantage of genetic modification is that we are able to make new drugs and new treatments for disease-ridden humans. We can also modify our foods so that they are more nutritious and beneficial energy-wise for us to eat. An example of helpful genetic modification is that diabetic people who cannot create insulin of their own can be given insulin through the genetic modification of a bacterium that will be given the human gene containing the information and instructions to make insulin. We can improve the growth rate of plants and animals which can improve the food value of crops and the fat levels in animals. Genetically modified foods last longer and can be design to grow well in dry, hot or cold parts of the world, meaning it can help solve the problems of world hunger. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Life Processes & Cells section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Life Processes & Cells essays

  1. Peer reviewed

    Gene Therapy And Gene Technology

    4 star(s)

    Genetic engineering is scientifically defined as "the technology involving the transfer of specific genetic information from one organism to another, a way of directly manipulating genetic material in a cell or organism to produce desired traits." Genetic engineering is also a very complicate technique and it is basically altering the

  2. Structures and functions in living organisms. Revision Notes

    in light intensity LIGHT INTENSITY In bright light, the circular muscles contract and the radial muscles relax. The pupil constricts In dim light, the circular muscles relax and the radial muscles contract. The pupil dilates FOCUS Focusing on distant objects, ciliary muscles relax and suspensory ligaments pulled tight to make

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work