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Genetic modification

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The potential costs, risks and benefits of genetic modification Genetic modification is the process of removing one piece of DNA from a gene in one organism and transferring it a vector in another organism. Genetic modification alters the genetic material of that organism using recombinant DNA technology. Transgenic organisms are organisms which DNA that has been inserted into it has come from another species. Genetic modification involves the changing of the genetic material of an organism. You cut a gene form an organism using enzymes, and then transfer it to the cell of a completely different organism. There is a lot of controversy surrounding genetic modification based on whether it is moral or right to be doing such a thing to plants and animals. ...read more.


Another risk from genetically modifying an organism is that it may be possible for us humans to contract allergies and diseases from these experiments. However, scientists believe that although there is a risk of us humans receiving possibly dire diseases, genetic modification can enable them to find treatment or even a cure for these diseases. No one is completely sure of the long term effects of genetic modification and there are many concerns about it. An additional risk people think Genetic modification has on humans is that eating genetically modified foods may cause harm or effect human health. There is also a worry that the genetically modified organism's genes may spread out into the wildlife of normal animals and plants and cause them to breed this new gene passing it down from generation to generation. ...read more.


A big advantage of genetic modification is that we are able to make new drugs and new treatments for disease-ridden humans. We can also modify our foods so that they are more nutritious and beneficial energy-wise for us to eat. An example of helpful genetic modification is that diabetic people who cannot create insulin of their own can be given insulin through the genetic modification of a bacterium that will be given the human gene containing the information and instructions to make insulin. We can improve the growth rate of plants and animals which can improve the food value of crops and the fat levels in animals. Genetically modified foods last longer and can be design to grow well in dry, hot or cold parts of the world, meaning it can help solve the problems of world hunger. ...read more.

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