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Good nutrition is essential to human growth and development. The nutritional needs differ for the various life stages.

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Introduction

Food provides the nutrients that help to nourish and retain homeostasis within the human body. Good nutrition is essential to human growth and development. The nutritional needs differ for the various life stages. However, from early in human history, it was also known that certain foods present additional health benefits such as prevention and treatment of various types of diseases. Nutrition is important in the promotion and maintenance of health throughout the entire life span and inclusive among the multiple determinants of chronic diseases, including cardiovascular disease, diabetes, obesity, cancer, and osteoporosis. Some disorders benefit greatly from specific nutritional balances, for instance, "Let food be thy medicine and medicine be thy food" (Hippocrates) emphasises the role of food plays and recognises a separate role of foods in addition to being simply nutrient providers. ...read more.

Middle

The NHMRC guidelines stress the importance of early nutrition as this can impact on later life, and encourages breastfeeding for babies. 'In 2001 the world health Assembly endorsed recommendations for 6 months of exclusive breastfeeding and continued breastfeeding to 2 years and beyond'.1 This is due to increasing evidence of the important role of early nutritional choices on later life. Breastfeeding has shown to be protective against a range of infectious and chronic diseases.2 It is recommended that solids can be introduced to infants from around 6 months of age. Children need a diet high in nutritional value that meets the needs of their rapid Health and nutrition problems often start in childhood due to . growth. The nutrients most likely to be low in toddler's diets are calcium and iron. ...read more.

Conclusion

Newborn screening for PKU began in the mid-1960s and is now carried out in many other countries. Treatment for this disorder consists of a phenylalanine restricted diet. For the most severe cases of phenylketonuria, a diet which eliminates all very high protein foods since all protein contains phenylalanine. The diet for PKU consists of foods that contain only enough protein to provide the amount of phenylalanine necessary for growth and development. Foods allowed are primarily vegetables, fruits, and some cereals and grains. A synthetic formula containing all the amino acids except phenylalanine provides the remaining protein and calories for individuals with PKU. (uses food as medicine and substitute food - medicine as food) 1 Australian Centre for Economic Research on Health working paper No. 4 Dec. 2008 Julie P. Smith 'Voldemort' and health professional knowledge of breastfeeding. 2 ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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