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Heart Disease - Is it anybody's fault?

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Heart Disease - Is it anybody's fault? There are many different types of heart disease. The most common forms are stroke and coronary heart disease. Stroke is when there is a problem in the brain. It occurs when a blood vessel supplying blood to the brain bursts. This type of heart disease tends to be more severe and harmful of the rest of the body as it is affecting the brain. This may cause loss of vision in one eye or paralysis on one side of the body. This is only the circumstance of major stroke. In the case of a minor stroke the recovering process is much easier and the effects only last for a short period of time. (1) Coronary heart disease (CHD) is to do with the narrowing of the coronary arteries. Due to this the muscle is unable to receive enough oxygen-rich blood. Within coronary heart disease there are different types such as myocardial infarction and arrhythmia, which are to do with the damaging of the muscle cells, and the irregular beat of the heart. (1) So why do people suffer from heart disease? ...read more.


In the UK it is estimate that around 60% often and 40% of women are either overweight or obese (1). Obesity increases your blood pressure and your cholesterol levels and can in turn increase the risk of coronary heart disease and stroke. Obesity also raises your blood lipid levels, which is also a risk factor of CHD. It has been proven that cholesterol is a major factor affecting the risk of CHD, 10% of deaths from CHD in the UK could be avoided if everyone had a blood cholesterol level of less than 6.5 mmol per 1, generally. If we have a high blood cholesterol level it is our own fault because we can control it by monitoring our diet. We can also control whether we smoke or not. Smokers risk f heart attack is more than twice the risk of a non-smoker. Smoking introduces a vast range of toxins including nicotine into the blood, which can damage arterial walls and trigger atherosclerosis (1). Cigarette smoking is the biggest risk factor for sudden cardiac death. It also acts with other risk factors to greatly increase the risk for CHD. ...read more.


For example we could watch our diet and weight, exercise and reduce the intake of alcohol. This way we are reducing the effect of the other factors, which we don not have control over. The most common risk of cardiovascular disease tends to be, leading a sedentary lifestyle i.e. smoking, hypertension, raised blood cholesterol or obesity. These things can be controlled and modified. As these are the main factors, IT would be the individual's fault if they had not had a healthy diet, smoked, had high cholesterol levels and were obese because of this. Physically inactive people in Great Britain have a double risk of stroke compared with those who are moderately, to vigorously active. These higher levels of activity are also associated with a50% reduction in the likelihood of dying after the hear attack (3). Physical inactivity plays a critical role in the development of obesity and non-insulin dependant diabetes mellitus and there is important links with blood pressure, thombogenesis, mobility and possibly lung function. As you can see being physically active, at any age is incredibly important and plays a key role in the factors that affect the risk of CHD. On the whole we can say that the risk of CHD is affected by many factors. Some that is our own choice and others that are not. ...read more.

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