• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

History and developement of automobiles

Extracts from this document...


The History and Development of Automobiles Introduction I am going to write about the development of automobiles or cars (the name nowadays) through time. I am going to include how the first steam-powered automobiles were produced which worked on the same idea as trains in the 1700s and how the gas-powered cars were made and how electric cars were made and used in the 1900s. This essay will deal with car types used nowadays such as the hybrid, petrol, gas and some electric powered cars. I am going to talk about each type in this presentation so you will know how the automobile technology developed to its current state and how it might develop into solar powered cars or something we cannot even think of. Steam Powered Road Vehicles and Inventors The first sketch of a self-powering vehicle was made by Leonardo Da Vinci in the 15th century which was found in his sketches and plans later. The first car made was a steam powered vehicle designed by Nicholas Joseph Cugnot for the French army to carry artillery on three wheels without horses. ...read more.


Daimler worked in August Otto's co-owned company which gave him access to the inventions of Otto such as his prototype engine. Daimler raised the stakes by experimenting and taking the engine a step further to the current ones we use nowadays and patented it into his self-designed automobile. From 1885 to 1886 Daimler and Maybach designed a new smaller engine which led to a revolution in car design and Daimler adapted a stagecoach to the new engine creating the first four-wheeled automobile. In 1889 Daimler and Maybach built a car which could obtain a speed of ten miles per hour and had a four gear transmission. The inventions of Daimler made people to consider that he is the first inventor of a practical combustion engine. Nicolaus Otto is one of the most important engineers in the automobile history because invented a very effective gasoline engine which was called the "Otto Cycle Engine" and was built into a motorcycle which was adapted to the engine. Karl Benz was a mechanical engineer in Germany and he was the builder of the "first practical automobile" which was powered by an internal combustion engine. ...read more.


Hybrid cars appeared in the 1960's such as the GM512 in 1965 and the VW Taxi in 1973 which were produced when the 'Arab Oil embargo' was awakened. Solar Powered vehicles Solar powered cars are a type of hybrid vehicles because it does not use gasoline as a fuel and its power source does not damage the environment. There are solar powered car races in different states and their top speed is sixty-nine kilometers per hour. The solar power is also used by the vehicles gone to outer space to investigate and see the layers of Mars. Conclusion Automobiles developed further and nowadays there are many automobile producer companies such as BMW or Mercedes-Benz and many others. Now nearly every family has a car to travel with but this mass production of automobiles is causing damage to the planet so the hybrid powered automobiles are coming back such as the new Lexus hybrid drives and the solar powered cars so the damage to the planet and the ozone layer can be cured and the harm of fossil fuels will not come back if every person will use hybrid cars or solar powered ones. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Organic Chemistry section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Organic Chemistry essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Iron ore: processes and History

    3 star(s)

    Blast furnace sites included the stores for the ironstone and fuel. They could also include calcining kilns, workers accommodation, and provision for the water-powered elements - such as reservoirs and leats. Blast furnaces developed from the high bloomery style of furnace.

  2. Physics Report on a Visit to the Royal Naval Engineer College

    Here is a simplified version of a diesel engine: Diesel engine is a type of internal combustion engine, it involves the combustion of a suitable fuel inside a cylinder containing a piston, whose motion results from the transformation of thermal energy into mechanical work.

  1. The Abacus: A History

    These tables were used with counters to represent various values. Small stones, called calculi, were used with counting tables in Greece and Rome, and stamped metal counters, rather like coins, were used with counting tables in Europe and England (Pullan 18).

  2. Fuel cell technology.

    The PEMFC stack is the heart of the fuel cell system. It is made up of a membrane electrode assembly (MEA) sandwiched between two gas diffusion layers (GDLs) with bipolar plates on each side. The reformate arriving from the CO cleanup system feeds the fuel side of the fuel cell.

  1. Pollution from the internal combustion engine.

    Carbon Monoxide is highly damaging to the human body. Instead of oxygen combining with red blood cells to form oxyhaemoglobin, essential for the oxygen to be transported around the body, the carbon monoxide combines with haemoglobin. When CO is inhaled, it can be absorbed from the lung alveoli 300 times faster than oxygen.

  2. This is a mini-project on fuel - topics include petrol and fossil fuels.

    On land too, mud covers dead plants and trees. Slowly the mud hardens into rock. More layers of rock from above and press down on the plants, burying them deeper and heating them up. 3. The pressure and heat slowly change the sea plants into oil and then into gas.

  1. Do fuel cell systems offer a feasible alternative to combustion engines in minimizing the ...

    Euro 1� 1992.07 2.72 (3.16) - 0.97 (1.13) - - Euro 2 1996.01 2.2 - 0.5 - - Euro 3 2000.01 2.3 0.2 - 0.15 - Euro 4 2005.01 1 0.1 - 0.08 - � Values in brackets are conformity of production (COP) limits. a - until 1999.09.30 (after that date DI engines must meet the IDI limits)

  2. The Combustion of Alchohols

    output by means of a practical experiment can be endlessly flawed in a variety of ways. Also to find the best one would involve comparing one to another. This is not as straightforward as it sounds. It would not be viable to simply burn equal masses of each fuel and see which one release most energy.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work