• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 3
  4. 4
  5. 5
  6. 6
  7. 7
  8. 8
  9. 9
  10. 10

How does concentration affect the rate of electrolysis of Copper Sulphate solution?

Extracts from this document...


How does concentration affect the rate of electrolysis of Copper Sulphate solution? Aim: In order to find out what factors affect the rate of electrolysis, we will change the concentration of the solution to find out which produces the highest current. Background information: Electrolysis is defined as: "The breakdown of a chemical substance by electricity." The following is the formula for what happens during electrolysis of Copper Sulphate Solution: 2CuSO4 (AQ) + 2H2O (L) 2Cu (S) + O2 (G) + 2H2SO4 (AQ) Reaction in the solution Copper + Oxygen + Sulphuric Acid Variables: The following is a list of variables that could effect the experiment: Table 1 Variable: Effect: Controlled: The concentration of the solution This is expected to effect the results, and will be the focus of the experiment. This will be the variable for the experiment The voltage flowing through the circuit With a higher voltage, the cathode would produce more copper Yes, the voltage will always be kept the same (9 volts) The temperature of the solution If the temperature is increased then the molecules will move faster and therefore more copper and oxygen will be produced. It will be kept at approximately 22 � C, (room temperature) but the temperature will be measure before and after the experiment The size of the beaker & The surface area of the electrodes that are in contact with the water. ...read more.


It must also be noted that Copper Sulphate Solution is poisonous, and the nitric acid is also very dangerous, therefore extra care will be taken around these two liquids. Diagram: Fig. 1 Results: The following tables are the results gathered from the experiment. Table 2 is the initial test, and tables 3 and 4 are the 'backup' tests that are taken in order to acquire an average in case of any errors in one particular recording. First experiment: Table 2 Concentration (ml) Current (MA) Temperature (�C) Color Before Experiment Mol/dm� water Initial End 0.5 0.5 0.61 24 25 Light Blue to Blue 0.6 0.4 0.83 23.5 24 Slightly Darker Blue 0.7 0.3 0.89 23 24.5 Still slightly darker, now medium blue 0.8 0.2 0.99 24 25 Darker, now almost dark blue 0.9 0.1 1.28 24.5 25.5 Darker still, verging on dark blue 1 0 1.24 23 24 Darkest yet, now dark blue. For the following experiments, (table 3 and 4) the color was not recorded, as it looked the same as previously stated in experiment one (table 2). Second experiment: Table 3 Concentration (ml) Current (MA) Temperature (�C) mol/dm� water Initial End 0.5 0.5 0.77 23 24 0.6 0.4 0.64 22.5 23.5 0.7 0.3 0.8 22.5 23.5 0.8 0.2 0.83 23 23.5 0.9 0.1 0.76 23 24 1 0 0.98 23 23.5 The yellow highlighted results shown in tables 3 (above) ...read more.


Also, for further investigation I could have weighed the electrodes directly after the experiment, to ensure that the only mass gained was through the extra copper. In addition the final weight of the electrodes could be measured at the end of each experiment, to attempt to determine the weight of copper deposited. Also, I could change the voltage on the power supply instead of keeping it at a constant 9 volts. This would give a more varied set of results that I could gather the average of. Finally, I to ensure better results I could try and use the exact same wires and the same electrodes along with keeping up with all the constants that are already in the experiment (such as the size of the beaker). Overall, the best-fit line (shown in Fig. 3) shows that this experiment was a success. The results indicate an upward trend between the concentration of the Copper Sulphate Solution and the Current recorded. Therefore showing that this experiment was a success. It is likely that even if this experiment was to be repeated the results would be similar and the best-fit line generated would be very similar, if not identical due to the fact that the anomaly shown is only just outside the margin of error. Through this experiment, it has been determined that an increase in the density of the concentration of Copper Sulphate Solution results in a higher rate of electrolysis, or an increase in the recorded current. Richard Coppock 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Changing Materials - The Earth and its Atmosphere section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Changing Materials - The Earth and its Atmosphere essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    An investigation to see how voltage affects The electrolysis in a copper Sulphate solution ...

    4 star(s)

    Evaluation I believe that the procedure was done very carelessly as the drying process before weighing needed to be done quickly as we were limited for time so it was done quickly and carelessly causing bits of copper to fall off the cathode sometimes.

  2. Peer reviewed

    To find out how current affects the rate of electrolysis

    3 star(s)

    * A type of sludge formed outside the cathode Analysis: From this experiment I have found out that the current does affect the rate of electrolysis. As you can see from my graph and results the current 1 amp had the most amount of copper deposited on the electrode.

  1. Investigate whether changing voltage will affect the rate of Electrolysis.

    Proof of this is shown in my result table. Evaluation After carefully analysing my graph I think my results we obtained accurately. With my results I produced a straight line graph, which was one of my statements in my prediction. However there were some anonymous results between 8 volts and 9 volts.

  2. The Electrolysis Of Copper Sulphate Solution Using Copper Electrodes

    One would expect the mass loss of the anode to equal the mass gain at the cathode, as explained earlier, for every two electrons, at the cathode one copper ion is discharged, whilst at the anode, one copper ion is formed.

  1. Investigate the factors that affect the mass of Copper deposited on the Copper Cathode ...

    Next the cathode is wiped in a tissue soaked in ammonia solution, washed in distilled water and dried. This ensures that any further impurities are removed. The cathode is then weighed on an electronic balance and its mass is recorded.

  2. The Electrolysis Of Copper (ii) Sulphate Solution Using Copper Electrodes

    A rise in temperature increases the proportion of activated molecules in a certain volume of a substance since molecules attain activation energy. It is true that a10 degree rise in temperature doubles the number of activated molecules and hence also the rate of the reaction.

  1. Electrolysis: How Does Current Affect The

    after every experiment so you know how much copper has been deposited * Sand off the copper after each experiment * Keep the Digital ammeter on either 10Amps or on Milliamps. Safety: * Make sure the electrodes do not touch while in solution, because they can cause a short circuit if the electricity supply is on.

  2. What Effects the Reaction in the Electrolysis of Copper Sulphate.

    The surface of the electrodes 8. Charge The variable I have chosen to use in this experiment will be the charge or amount of coulombs (current (amps) X time (s)). I will keep all other variables constant. I could vary amps and time individually but that would effectively only be affecting the amount of coulombs.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work