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human body system

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Introduction I described the structure and function of the major body systems. Then I chose two of the body systems and wrote about their interrelationship. I also described the observation I have made to monitor a healthy client. I have made accurate records of basic observation on a fellow student in my class. I described the link between the care client receives and the state of two body systems and I suggested how the care client receives could be improved to have beneficial effects on body systems without having any harmful effects on another body systems. Task 1: Cardiovascular The cardiovascular system is the heart and blood vessels that circulate blood throughout the body, bringing oxygen and nutrients to muscles and organs, and then returning it to the heart to be pumped again. Any disruption in the flow of blood can cause damage to an organ, including the heart. The system of channels through which the blood flows is called the circulatory system, and includes the heart, lungs, and blood vessels. Arteries, arterioles (small arteries), and capillaries (tiny blood vessels) carry blood from the heart to the body. Veins and venules (small veins) return the blood from the body to the heart. The heart can be divided into the left and right sides. The right half collects blood from the body and pumps it to the lung. In the lung it collects oxygen and gets rid of carbon dioxide. The left half collects blood from the lungs and pumps it to the body. Because of this, the heart is actually a double pump (to the lungs and to the body) both working at the same time. Pulmonary circulation is the route taken by blood from the right ventricle to the lungs and back to the heart at the left atrium, which is circulation to the lungs. Systemic circulation is the route taken by blood from the left ventricle to the head and body and back to the heart at the right atrium, which is circulation to the body. ...read more.

Middle

Joints allow movement to take place. Most movement occur at synovital joints. Movement at these joints could cause friction. A synovital joints is built to cut down friction. The ends of the bones are covered with cartilage. This stops two bones rubbing together. The synovital membrane encloses synovital fluid. These lubricate or oil the joints and makes movement easy. The bones are held together at a joint by tough ligaments. Muscles are connected to the bones by tendons. When muscles work, they pull on tendons and more the bond. We have over 350 muscles in our body without our muscles we can't move. Our muscles provided the force to pull or to squeeze things. Voluntary muscle is one of the three main muscles in our body. They are attached to bones by tendons. They bring about movement at joints. These muscles can be controlled at will. If we decide to lift our hand up, muscles in our arm contract. This pulls on the tendon which pulls up the lower arm bone. Voluntary muscles are powerful. They can contract quickly but soon get tired. Task 2: The interrelationship between the cardiovascular and respiratory systems. The respiratory system works with the circulatory system together to supply all the cells and tissues of the body with oxygen and to remove carbon dioxide. This involves four separate processes: a) Breathing (pulmonary ventilation) b) The exchange of gasses between the lungs and the blood (pulmonary diffusion). c) Transportation of oxygen and carbon dioxide via the blood d) Exchange of gases between the capillary blood and the tissues of the body. A + B are referred to as external respiration. C + D are known as the internal respiration. Both external and internal respiration are linked to the circulatory system. There are two blood circulations in the body: 1) The pulmonary circulation, from the right ventricle of the heart, and from the lungs to the left atrium of the heart. ...read more.

Conclusion

I need to check my client's weight to make sure that she has a right weight for her height. It's always important to have the right weight for the right height. I need to make sure that my client receiving the right medicine and also to make sure that my client takes her tablets in the right time. Task6: The care client receive could be improved in many ways to have beneficial effects on a system of the body without having any harmful effects on another body system. An example would be improving my client's diet. By making sure that my client has a right portion of fruit and vegetables, potatoes and other cereals, fish and meat and dairy products. If my client doesn't receive the right amount of food this would have bad effect on her weight. If she takes less food as her body needs, she would lose weight and if she takes more than she needs she would become overweight. Also having unhealthy and unbalanced diet by eating too much fat foods like fast foods could lead to having high cholesterol level. Having high cholesterol also has the risk of getting heart attack. So by having healthy and balance food my client would have better digestive and cardiovascular system without having any chance of getting disease. Exercise is good for body especially for lungs because it makes them to work properly and to take in more oxygen and to take out more carbon dioxide. Taking exercise is better if my client exercises in the fresh air. Exercise is not just good for body is also good for losing weight. It's also is good for body muscles. It causes development of heart and skeletal muscles. Exercise would make use of muscles. Physical activity is necessary to stimulate the body's own bones, joints and muscles, especially her heart will actually stay younger if she keeps them busy. Lack of exercise makes the bowel doesn't work properly, which leads to constipation and her cause weight not become under control. ...read more.

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