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Human Embryo's Should be used for Stem-Cell Research

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Should human embryos be used for stem cell research? Stem cells are cells that are capable of reproducing themselves and renewing tissue in an organism's life. There are many reasons why they should be used for research as the discoveries could have huge benefits. However, there are many ethical issues on the use of embryos being used for stem cell research. The current policies about stem cell research in Australia are that embryos may be used if the person doing the research has a licence and the embryo is no longer wanted by the women or spouse. The licence has to come from the National Health and Medical Research Council. The embryos being used in the scientific studies had to be created before 5 of April 2002 or they cannot be used for research purposes. Stem cells are able to carry out rapid division in our bodies. When stem cells divide, one daughter cell remains the same and the other one differentiates. Differentiation is the process were unspecialised cells develop a special structure and function. ...read more.


Now, two new nuclei need to be formed and this happens in telophase. The two sets of chromosomes from the two nuclei and the chromosomes uncoil to form chromatin. Cytokinesis is the last stage of the cell cycle. After the nucleus has divided in the previous stages, the cell actually divides to from two new cells. The cytoplasmic content within the cell is shared between the two new cells. There are huge benefits that can be achieved by using human embryos for stem cell research. Stem cells could have the potential to cure many diseases and viruses such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, spinal cord injuries, heart disease and cancer. Stem cells would also allow new tissue and organs to be grown and designed. Stem cells have the ability to develop into any kind of cell or tissue found in the body. This would be very beneficial as for example a man, women or child with a bad kidney that needs a transplant would not have to wait for someone with a matching kidney to voluntarily give up one of their kidneys so it can be translated into the patient. ...read more.


Another issue about stem cell research is the cost involved. To get stem cells the process requires the harvesting of women's eggs. An example is that if all the people suffering diabetes were to be treated using stem cells would require millions of human eggs and to gather ten eggs from about 50 women would cost about 100,000 dollars. Harvesting the eggs from women also puts the woman at risk as they use hormonal stimulants as this could increase the risk of cancer and there have been claims of 25 deaths among donors. There are definitely huge benefits that could come out of using human embryos in stem cell research. Stem cells have the potential to cure many diseases. They also can help many people that are suffering from severe burns, need new organs such as kidneys or help people that need reconstruction from accidents as stem cells can form many types of tissue. However there still are many ethical and safety concerns of using embryos for stem cells as there are risks involved for the women and some people believe that the embryo is a human being. Although many scientists say that the embryos are not and should not be classed as human beings at all. ...read more.

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