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Human Genome Project. One of the main goals of this project was to identify all the approximately 20.000-25.000 genes in human DNA. Another main goal was to determine the sequences of the 3 billion chemical base pairs.

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Introduction

Human Genome Project What are genes? What is a genome? What are chemical base pairs? It is all being identified in the Human Genome Project. The Human Genome Project is a project that was held in 1990 and this project concluded in 2003. It was a 13-year project that was coordinated by the U.S Department of Energy and the National Institutes of Health. One of the main goals of this project was to identify all the approximately 20.000-25.000 genes in human DNA. Another main goal was to determine the sequences of the 3 billion chemical base pairs. There are other goals such as, to store the information, to improve the data analysis tools, to transfer related technologies to the private sector, and to address the ethical, legal, and social issues that might be present during the project. The Human Genome Project or the HGP was a successful and beneficial project. This essay will explain to you more about the Human Genome Project, about its benefits, limitations, social and ethical issues, and also how this project is used to solve local and global problems. ...read more.

Middle

The mapping has also enabled doctors to identify areas of the genome that might be responsible for some problems, such as diabetes, hypertension and forms of cancer that are caused by more than one genetic change and that are more complicated. So the key advantages or benefits of the Human Genome Project are, to predict and prevent diseases, to develop new and improved medicines and to have more accurate results on the diagnosis of diseases. Not only benefits are present, but also limitations. There are some limitations to the data obtained from the human genome project. One limitation is that some genes are found inside other genes, making their identification difficult. Another limitation is that it might take a long time before scientists totally understand the role of every gene, its interaction with other genes and how DNA relates to such things as brain function, behavior, etc. The knowledge of science is applied in the Human Genome Project. The basic science knowledge is implemented on the Human Genome Project. This branch of science that is applied is biology. Biology is the study of living organisms. ...read more.

Conclusion

This can be used to treat diseases or stop diseases. In response to the Ethical, Legal and Social issues, a small part of the human genome project is dedicated to researching and studying about the issue. About 3%-5% of their budget is dedicated to studying about these issues. The ELSI Research goals are to examine issues surrounding the completion of the human DNA sequence and the study of human genetic variation, Examine issues raised by the integration of genetic technologies and information into health care and public health activities, Explore how new genetic knowledge may interact with a variety of philosophical, theological, and ethical perspectives, and to Explore how racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic factors affect the use, understanding, and interpretation of genetic information; the use of genetic services; and the development of policy. In my conclusion, I think that the Human Genome Project is a really great thing that has happened. The human genome project has affected my society and me by bringing solutions to problems and bringing benefits for my society and me. I think that the Human Genome project was a really successful project. I hope this essay helped understand more about the human genome project. ...read more.

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