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Hydrochloric Acid Investigation

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KNOWLEDGE REVIEW ACID This is any substance with a pH value less than 7, an example of a strong acid is hydrochloric acid as it has a pH of 1. The solution contains free roaming H+ ions. It usually contains hydrogen ions that dissolve in water to produce hydrogen ions but these do not exist on their own in the solution. ALKALI This again is any substance 3 with a pH value more than 7, an example of a strong alkali is sodium hydroxide as it has pH of 14. Alkalis contain OH- ions that also move around freely in the solution. It is a base normally of a hydroxide of a metal in group 1 or 2 of the periodic table, that is soluble in water and produces hydroxide ions (OH) in solution. These make a solution alkaline. NEUTRALISATION This is the reaction between an acid (hydrochloric acid) and a base (alkali) to produce a salt (sodium chloride) and water only. An equal amount of hydrogen and hydroxide ions react and form together to form a neutral solution. ...read more.


8. Make sure you have drawn out a table to collect your results that includes the colour of the solution the pH number, the temperature and the volume of acid in cm3 you have poured into the conical flask. 9. Open the tap of the burette and then close it when 1cm3 has poured out of the tap. 10. Now record the temperature of the liquid inside of the conical flask and check the pH then record it down into your table. 11. Repeat this step until there is no dramatic change in the pH or temperature, if this occurs increase the amount let out of the burette to 2cm3. 12. When you get to around a pH of 10, change the amount of hydrochloric acid let out to 0.2cm3. 13. Once you have reached to a pH of 7 your substance is neutralised and the experiment is over. 14. Clean and wash all the equipment used with water and pack it away. FAIR TESTING 1. Use the same volume of alkali and the same concentration. ...read more.


green 13 30.5 10 Dark green 12 30.5 12 Dark green 12 30.5 14 Mid green 11 31 16 Mid green 11 31 17 Green 10 31 18 Green 10 31 19 Green 10 31 21 Light green 9 31.5 21.5 Mustard yellow 7 31.5 CONCLUSION From doing the following experiment I have found out that yes my prediction was correct as you can see from my results. In have found out that as the volume of acid is increased so is the temperature but as the volume of acid is increased the pH number decreases, this is because it is getting a weaker alkali as more acid is poured in. EVALUATION Overall my group's experiment went very successfully, we cleaned all the apparatus thoroughly, we used the same quantity of all the solutions and we added equal accurate amounts of the solutions to make sure that everything was very fair. We carried out the procedure safely without anybody getting hurt or messing around. People made accurate measurements and generally got on with the experiment quickly but thoroughly. The only was I could improve the experiment for next time is to repeat more experiments. ...read more.

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