• Join over 1.2 million students every month
• Accelerate your learning by 29%
• Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
Page
1. 1
1
2. 2
2
3. 3
3
4. 4
4
5. 5
5
6. 6
6
7. 7
7
8. 8
8

# Investigate the affect of osmosis in potatoes.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Emilie Campbell 11C Mrs Higgenbottom Biology Coursework Osmosis Introduction The aim of the experiment is to investigate the affect of osmosis in potatoes. During this experiment the concentration of sugar solution will be increased to see how it affects the rate of osmosis. Osmosis is the movement of water molecules from an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration through a partially permeable membrane. Preliminary Work In our preliminary work we found out from our results that potato cylinders are good to use when investigating osmosis. Firstly they are easily obtainable and secondly from our preliminary experiment we found that the potato cylinders were affected by osmosis. We found that the length of the cylinders changed. The length of the cylinders was measure before and after the experiment. We found that the length of the potato cylinders in the distilled water increased in the length and the potato cylinders in the sugar solution decreased in length. This happened because of osmosis. The water molecules in the distilled water moved form a high concentration to a lower concentration in the potato cylinders thus making them increase in size. The water molecules in the potato cylinders that decreased in mass went from a high concentration in the potato to a lower concentration in the sugar solution. Results Solution Length before Cm Length After Cm Difference in length Distilled water Sugar solution The results from preliminary experiment have provided me with a good basis for my final experiment and ways in which I can improve it for more accurate results. ...read more.

Middle

Mass of Potato Cylinder After (grams) Difference in mass % difference in mass Distilled water 1.90 2.30 +0.40 +21.1 5% sugar solution 2.28 2.63 +0.35 +15.4 10% Sugar solution 1.90 1.62 -0.28 -28.0 20% sugar solution 2.00 1.39 -0.61 -30.5 30% sugar solution 2.00 1.10 -0.90 -45.0 Finding the percentage change for our results allows us to easily compare the change in mass as all the potatoes originally started with a different mass and finished with a different mass this means making comparisons could have been difficult. Using percentage differences makes the units equal and therefore easier to compare To find a the percentage difference use the following method % difference = Difference in mass x 100 Original value Above are the results of all three experiments we carried out. We carried out three experiments to ensure our results were accurate and reliable. To make are results easy to handle and put in to a graph the number of results has been decreased by finding the average for the changes in percentage of each of the concentrations. For example to find the average of the 5% sugar solution you would do the following: Add together each of the percentage change results from the 3 experiments 1.52 + 14.8 + 15.35 = 7.2 % 3 Averages of Percentage Changes Type of Solution Average Percentage Change Distilled water +20.5 5% +7.2 10% -15.0 20% -27.8 30% -42.0 These above results will be put in to a graph. ...read more.

Conclusion

This shows that at this point there is no change is mass. It is not increasing or decreasing in mass. This is called the isotonic point. No osmosis is taking place because both potato cylinders and solution have the same osmotic strength. The contents of the potato cell shrinks and moves away from the cell wall leaving the cells flaccid. This is why these potato cylinders were soft and floppy. Evaluation This graph shown above gives the line of best fit for the percentage change in mass of the potato chips over the course of the thirty minute experiment. The graph is a curve that slopes downwards and does not go through the origin. Because the line is not straight and does not pass through the origin, it means that the percentage gain and loss in mass and concentration are not directly proportional. However, there is a pattern on my graph, and this is, as the concentration of the solution increases, the percentage change in mass decreases. The graph shows that the percentage gain and loss in inversely proportional to the concentration. The gradient does change in my graph. It gets less steep as X axis gets bigger. This is because the potato chip is becoming as flaccid as it possibly can, and so the change in mass of each molar concentration is becoming closer and closer together. From the line of best fit that has been added in, it can be seen that all of my points were very close to creating a perfectly smooth curve. This shows that my results are fairly reliable. My graph fits in with my prediction of the experiment graph. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Life Processes & Cells section.

## Found what you're looking for?

• Start learning 29% faster today
• 150,000+ documents available
• Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
• Join over 1.2 million students every month
• Accelerate your learning by 29%
• Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

# Related GCSE Life Processes & Cells essays

1. ## Osmosis Experiment Aim: To investigate the factors which affect osmosis in potatoes and ...

cells are damaged so don't allow the free flow of water molecules. * Skin- If the potato has a skin it may cause more of barrier for the water molecules to go through thus decreasing the rate of osmosis. * Age- if the potato is old some of the cells may be damaged or be starting to decay.

2. ## Osmosis is defined as 'the movement of water molecules from an area of high ...

The next, 0.50 M, looses approximately 8.0 % in mass. This shows that the salt solution has an even weaker water potential than 0.25 M and that osmosis took place. This is why the potato lost even more mass, and it shows that the water potential in the beaker is less than that of the potato chip.

1. ## Investigation Into How Osmosis In Potatoes Is Affected By Solution Concentration.

I will expect the potato that had been in the strongest solution to have experienced a slight loss in mass and length, and become flaccid (feeling soft and 'flabby' to the touch). I expect this to happen because I expect reverse osmosis to be occuring in this situation, assuming that

2. ## Experiment to Investigate Osmosis in Potatoes

This movement of water through the plant in the xylem vessels or phloem tubes is similar to the flow of blood in humans as it transports soluble mineral salts, nutrients and auxins, (plant hormones), from place to place. The evaporation of water from the leaves also removes heat energy from the plant and helps to prevent overheating.

• Over 160,000 pieces
of student written work
• Annotated by
experienced teachers
• Ideas and feedback to