• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 3
  4. 4
  5. 5
  6. 6
  7. 7
  8. 8
  9. 9
  10. 10

Investigating whether MMR causes Autism.

Extracts from this document...


Introduction: In this Case Study I am going to be investigating whether MMR causes Autism. I will also be putting forward the arguments for and against it. I am going to be using various diagrams and scientific information which you will need to know in order to understand this case study. I will also be talking about what MMR vaccines and Autism and whether they have a link or not. I will also go on to present my views on whether I think there is a link between MMR and Autism. I will include an evaluation and bibliography, which will state where I got my information from and how reliable the information is. I have chosen this topic because I believe it is quite fascinating, along with the media hype which has gone with it, the controversies which have arisen as a result, and also as I am very interested to find out whether MMR causes Autism. The reason being the MMR vaccine is given to most children and it would be very interesting to know if these children are at risk of having Autism. I personally believe there is no link between MMR vaccinations and Autism. To make sure I am not biased in any way is will be using reasonable point to argue for and against the statement "Does MMR cause Autism". What is Immunization and how does it work? Immunization is a process which makes someone immune to an infectious disease/organism. ...read more.


Communication and language problems are also most important in autism. Approximately 50% of autistic people do not develop meaningful communicative language and most autistic people have problems with other forms of communication. Verbal autistic youngsters are frequently echolalia and cannot engage in social conversations. Non-verbal youngsters have difficulty understanding or being understood and consequently often retreat from interactions with others. Play is impaired in most autistic youngsters, lacking the social and creative aspects generally seen in non-handicapped children. The third primary characteristic of those with autism is their restricted range of behaviours, and interests. Lower functioning autistic people frequently engage in repetitive bodily movements, self stimulatory behaviours and sometimes even self abuse. Their play patterns are restricted and repetitive. Higher-level autistic people may focus on some topics that are narrow and generally uninteresting to others for example bus or train timetables, the telephone directory memorising sequences of numbers. The symptoms of Autism can be noticed. During late infancy, parents or caregivers often start noticing signs of indifference or even aversion in their child when showing affection or cuddling their child. They also often observe other symptoms such as: a lack of eye contact, no facial receptiveness or socially directed smiles and notice that their child fails to respond to their voice or the voices of its siblings. The first clear signs of abnormality become apparent when a child's language skills lack speech development or are much delayed. As infants and toddlers grow older, these skills do not appear to progress. ...read more.


* The study authors conclude that: "These data provide evidence against a causal association between MMR vaccination and the risk of autism". Conclusion: In conclusion, in support of my hypothesis, I still believe that there is no link between the MMR vaccination and Autism. Although it is shown that there is link between MMR vaccinations and Autism, there is no clear scientific explanation behind the claims. There is definitely no link between these two factors, the reason being the combination of the three virus strains overloading the body's immune system has nothing to do with Autism because Autism is a genetic disease. Therefore it wouldn't make any difference if the immune system was overloaded or not, because either way the child would have Autism. Also nobody it quiet sure about what the exact cause of Autism is, therefore it would be wrong to say that the MMR vaccine causes Autism. Although it could also be pointed out that there is a link between the MMR vaccine and Autism, this would include the graph which shows that straight after the MMR vaccine was given the number of Autism cases increased. Claims have also been made that giving a vaccine which contains mumps, measles and rubella could overload the immune system, which could then cause bowel cancer. Furthermore it is important to understand that there was only small concern with the link of MMR and Autism, but the research of the scientists around the world has outweighed the small concern and proved that there is no connection between MMR vaccinations and Autism. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Humans as Organisms section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Humans as Organisms essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Should the MMR vaccination be made compulsory in the UK?

    5 star(s)

    While many oppose compulsory vaccinations, the benefits are large: debilitating side effects such as deafness can be prevented and children's lives will be saved. 2. SCIENCE 2.1 How does immunity work? Immunity means having sufficient biological defences to avoid infection by pathogens (bacteria, viruses or other microorganisms that can cause disease).

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Is the MMR vaccination safe?

    5 star(s)

    so they do not give the full effects of any of the diseases (3). However, even though the microorganisms in the vaccination are not harmful, your body still recognises it as foreign because of the antigen, a chemical marker on the outside of the cell, so they trigger the normal response of the immune system but with no damage.

  1. Marked by a teacher

    The Advantages and Disadvatages of Designer Babies

    3 star(s)

    Most parents want the best for their children if that is the only way save one and gain another than it is a good procedure. Most parents have a second child for the benefit of the first child because they feel it is better for the child not to grow up alone.

  2. Should the cloning of humans be allowed?

    copy of someone else and the person cloned may end up seeing the clone as a younger version of themselves. To eradicate this, human cloning would have to be very fine tuned so that slight changes could be made to the clone's genes, to make the clone another individual who

  1. Stem Cell Research

    The obvious difference is the difference in the variety of specialised cells that each can form. Embryonic stem cells can form any specialised cell in the human body; however adult stem cells are limited to forming only the cells of the tissue that they are in.

  2. Therapuetic cloning case study

    One huge reason will be that the child will be brought up in a highly abnormal household: one where grief has been diverted into making a clone instead of adjusting to loss. The family environment will be totally different than that the other twin experienced.

  1. Should people with diabetes 2 receive medical treatment?

    126 or above Diabetes* *Confirmed by repeating the test on a different day. http://diabetes.niddk.nih.gov/dm/pubs/diagnosis/ The second test for diabetes is to measure the body's ability to process the excess sugar resulting from drinking a high glucose drink, the GTT test.

  2. The need for emergency life support

    Then return and give 2 rescue breaths. Circulation Once you have given 2 rescue breaths, assess the casualty for signs of a circulation by again looking, listening and feeling for normal breathing, coughing or movement. Check for signs of a circulation for no more than 10 seconds.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work