• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Iron Industry.

Extracts from this document...


History Coursework-Iron Industry The sites of the Iron Industry where found in places where timber was still plentiful, such as Kent, Sussex Weald, Shropshire, S.wales, South Yorkshire. Wood was very important in the iron Industry because it was used to make charcoal by adding wood with water and the charcoal was the fuel used in the 1700's for smelting iron ore. Large quantities of charcoal was needed as a fuel and areas with woodlands were the original sites of the Iron Industry. First flowing streams were needed to provide water power of work the bellows and the hammer that the forges. Charcoal is partly burned wood. Charcoal was burnt very slowly. The timber was slowly heated at high temperatures for several days. Charcoal was the fuel used by heating up the blast furnace to smelt the iron ore. To produce iron, iron ore was put into a blast furnace at high temperature so that the molten runs out. The Early British Iron Industy was located in wooded areas such as the Forest of Dean, where iron ore was found. ...read more.


It was more expensive to produce but it was tougher and more flexible and could hold a shape. Wrought iron could be shaped into rails, machines parts, springs, tools or it was sent to a slitting mill to be made into strips for nail manufacture. Hammering of cast iron took place in workshops. It was a slow process, which made it very expensive. When iron was transported to other places, this was difficult this was because bulky goods by packhorse, which was used in muddy roads or dirt tracks that was full of potholes. This was very slow and very expensive. 2) In 1707, Darby I helped in the iron Industry by developing a method for casting iron pots. Also in 1708, Abraham Darby I rented a disused furnace at Coalbrookdale, he began experimenting with different types of fuel that would work best in smelting iron ore. He thought of coke (partly burnt coal). Darby I was able to use 'clod' iron coal, which was very low in sulphur content to change to coke. Darby I helped in the Iron Industry in coalbrookdale by using coke which was a more sufficient fuel then charcoal. ...read more.


Darby III continued to improve the businesses. He tried to attract new workers by buying local farms to supply them with food. His greatest work was to promote Coalbrookdale iron. He managed to show the world that the iron produced in Coalbrookdale was strong and a versatile material as well as having many different uses. Darby III was able to build an iron bridge. He built the iron bridge in 1779 and this was the first iron bridge. The iron bridge was opened in 1781. Before this year all the bridges were made of stone, brick or timber. Before, coke iron was too weak and charcoal iron was too expensive, but after 50 years iron making has improved a lot and the iron that was produced with Darby III leadership could not only be used to make iron bridge but also to make boats, steam engines and wheels. The iron bridge was the symbol of Darby III success and a symbol of the new age in iron and this made Coalbrookdale Company internationally famous. Darby's business went from strength to strength and soon many people were dependant on the Coalbrookdale for goods that was made in the company. Name - Wasim Haroon Candidate Number - 0432 The Leigh CTC - 12462 Coursework - History ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Aqueous Chemistry section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Aqueous Chemistry essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    chemistry coursework

    4 star(s)

    This method would be much more accurate as the computer would produce precise readings and almost perfect or perfect results. The computer could be used to measure the colour/ intensity change of the solution, as the solution changes the end point could be established.

  2. How much Iron (II) in 100 grams of Spinach Oleracea?

    Rinse the funnel with a small volume of Sulphuric Acid (aq) and transfer it into the volumetric flask. f. Add Sulphuric Acid (aq) to the volumetric flask until it is about 1 cm below the graduation mark. g. Slowly add the acid using a clean dropping pipette until the bottom of the meniscus is touching the graduation mark.

  1. Determining the purity of Iron Wool.

    This therefore means experimental anomalies occurred. There can be numerous reasons for the anomalies, simple numerical conversions or calculation errors could be a source. These are easily rectified by double checking all conversions and calculation with any chemistry text book from A-level onwards.

  2. The Estimation of Iron (II) and Iron (III) in a Mixture Containing Both.

    ( see later answers ) Titration 2 Essentially, this procedure is similar to titration 1. In this reaction zinc granules are added to the solutions from titration 1 as to reduce the remaining Fe3+ ions to Fe2+ ions: 2Fe3+(aq) + Zn(s) 2Fe2+(aq) + Zn2+(aq) You should add zinc granules in excess to make sure that all the Fe3+ is converted into Fe2+.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work