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Iron is considered a very important nutrient for any one at any stage of them lifecycle

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Introduction

Iron is considered a very important nutrient for any one at any stage of them lifecycle. It is especially essential in the diet of a pregnant woman. Iron is stored in the spleen, the bone marrow and the liver, it is then used when the body needs it. Iron allows oxygen and nutrients to travel to all parts of the body in the red blood cells. It does this in the form of haemoglobin. Mother and baby magazine states, ' It is normal for haemoglobin levels to drop a little during pregnancy.' The lower the haemoglobin levels, the thinner the blood. It is an advantage if the blood thins a little, as the oxygen and nutrients can be carried around quicker as the blood flows faster and more easily. ...read more.

Middle

There are a few types of anaemia, but iron deficiency anaemia is the most common, 'The book of vitamins and minerals' by Karen Sullian states, '95% of all cases'. There is not a big danger for the mother or the baby short term and the heart rate increases to allow blood to get to all parts of the body and the placenta increases to insure the baby gets enough oxygen. If the anaemia continues for a long period of the pregnancy, it could result in premature labour, stillbirth or low- birth weights. If the woman happens to get anaemia, it can be treated with iron supplements and for severe cases, iron injections. ...read more.

Conclusion

Tea and coffee inhibit the absorption of iron, vitamin C promotes the absorption of iron. Vegetarians do not get a lot of iron in their diet as they do not eat red meat, so they should be eating or drink vitamin C rich foods with their meal. 'The complete book of mother & baby care' states 'If you are a vegetarian and cannot eat the most easily absorbed sources of iron - drink blackcurrant or orange juice'. Foods rich in vitamins C include citrus fruits, broccoli, tomatoes, cauliflower, Brussels sprouts and cabbage. Vitamin C also has other benefits as it stimulates the activity of the immune system, helps to heal wounds, it has anti- oxidant properties and it is essential for the growth of healthy bones, teeth, gums, blood vessels and body cells. ...read more.

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