• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Isaac Newton's second Law of Motion states that, Force = Mass x Acceleration.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Newton’s Second Law Coursework

Introduction

Isaac Newton’s second Law of Motion states that, Force = Mass x Acceleration. For this project I intend to prove or disprove this theory.  The fact that the Law has survived 300 years of evolving science provides much of the needed evidence that the Law is truthful and works but I will do the experiment to determine my own set of results.

I hope to answer the question:

‘Is there a link between mass and acceleration ?’

Newton’s Second Law

Newton’s Second Law is a way of finding the force that is acting on a certain object by using the known mass of the object and the projected acceleration and that the mass is inversely proportional to the acceleration.

For example, A bus keeps going forward because the forces of acceleration and friction are unbalanced but as soon as these forces become balanced than the bus will keep a steady speed.  It is this that I am going to investigate.  

The Law can be tested quite easily by using a simple test, involving a trolley, a ramp and some weights.

...read more.

Middle

A list of the equipment I will need is shown below:

  1. A Trolley
  2. A Two Metre long ramp
  3. A Ticker Timer
  4. Ticker Tape
  5. A Pulley – so when we let the weights drop there will be as little friction as possible.
  6. String
  7. 5x 1Newton weights

We will measure the acceleration caused by a certain weight three times to make sure we get the right results.

The Variables

  • Mass
  • Acceleration
  • Force        
  • Friction

See page one for variables being tested.

How to make it a fair test

To make the experiment fair, the only variable that I will change is the amount of weight that is used to pull the trolley down the runway.  All the other components i.e. length of string, height of runway, and stated variables will be kept the same.

Prediction

Based on the results that we obtained when we used Newtons Theory to work out the projected accelerations for each different weight, I would say that the more weight that is applied to pull the trolley down the ramp the more the trolley will accelerate.  This is because the trolley has an unbalanced force which means it will accelerate.

...read more.

Conclusion

1

1721.5

0.58 m/s/s

0.360

1

0.58 m/s/s

0.380

1

0.58 m/s/s

0.310

2

1821.5

1.097 m/s/s

0.811

2

1.097 m/s/s

0.702

2

1.097 m/s/s

0.705

3

1921.5

1.561 m/s/s

1.208

3

1.561 m/s/s

1.198

3

1.561 m/s/s

1.211

4

2021.5

1.979 m/s/s

1.330

4

1.979 m/s/s

1.301

4

1.979 m/s/s

1.326

5

2121.5

2.356 m/s/s

1.480

5

2.356 m/s/s

1.560

5

2.356 m/s/s

1.534

My results are highlighted in red

Below is a graph of my results.  I have used averages of the 3 recorded acceleration in the graph.

image08.pngimage09.png

...read more.

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Forces and Motion section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Forces and Motion essays

  1. To determine the relationship between mass and acceleration when force is kept constant.

    0.0938 3.00 3.51 0.0837 3.25 3.75 0.0732 3.50 4.01 0.068 3.75 4.26 0.062 NOTE: For Average Acceleration, it is considered to be digital error. Which rounded of the last digit. For example: If the machine shows to 2 decimal points, 3.14 then the uncertainties for this are ?0.005 as the range of the data could go from 3.135 to 3.145.

  2. In this experiment I aim to find out how the force and mass affect ...

    But apart from that the method that I used was completely successful. From looking at my results I can see that the graph where there is 1 kilo gram on the trolley the last piece of ticker tape is out of place because the other pieces of tape match up

  1. Investigating the Factors Which Affect the Motion of a Trolley Down an Inclined Plane

    as demonstrated in Newton's first law it will stay motionless unless a force is applied. (See diagram) For the investigation, it is important to understand the difference between weight and mass, as weight is one of the forces acting upon the dynamics trolley: Weight is the force of gravity on an object, measured in Newton's (N).

  2. An investigation into the acceleration of a trolley up a ramp.

    How many results are you planning to take and over what range? I hope to take eight results though the absolute minimum is six. These results will be taken over a range from 0.3kg to 0.7kg. increasing the mass by 50 grams each time.

  1. Acceleration, Force and Mass

    The next scientific that I will look at is that worked on by the famous scientist that I have already mentioned - Sir Isaac Newton. During his work he discovered some laws of motion, which are quite appropriate to what I am investigating: Law 1: Any object will continue to

  2. I will investigate the change of velocity and acceleration of a laterally moving object ...

    as m2gh, as only the dropping weight has g.p.e. The letter 'g' is the gravitational constant, and is approximated as 9.81. The letter 'h' is the height. Equally, k.e. is 1/2(m1+ m2)v2, as both the dropping mass and the trolley will move. By Law of Conservation of Energy, energy can neither be created nor can it be destroyed, however it can be converted from one form to another.

  1. What affects the acceleration of a trolley down a ramp?

    Friction Friction is a force linked to movement; it slows things down, or stops them from moving. The direction of the frictional force is always opposite to the direction in which the object is trying to move. Friction arises because of the roughness of the two surfaces that are moving

  2. Physics Coursework: To investigate the Oscillations of a mass on a spring

    Also I will do the acceleration and the velocity of the load for the output variable. Information: In order to do this investigation, I will need to know about the oscillations deeply and clearly. Oscillation is repeated motion back and forth past a central neutral position, or position of equilibrium.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work