• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3
  4. 4
    4
  5. 5
    5
  6. 6
    6
  7. 7
    7
  8. 8
    8
  9. 9
    9

Lifestyle booklet

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Physical Activity - Page 2 - 5 Alcohol - Page 6 - 9 Smoking - Page 10 - 12 Stress - Page Diet - Page What is physical activity? Physical activity is any bodily movement produced by skeletal muscles that result in an expenditure of energy. Physical Activity Guidelines It is recommended that an average adult perform at least 30 minutes of moderate intensity exercise on five days within a week or 40-60 minutes for more significant benefits. This is not a huge amount of time considering that they're 1440 minutes in a day. Types of Exercise * Walking (46%) * Keeping Fit/ Aerobic and Dance e.g. yoga (22%) * Cue Sports (19%) * Cycling (17%) * Swimming (3%) As you can see the word 'exercise' doesn't mean the thought of running for hours on end on a treadmill in fact it's the opposite where moderate exercise can easily provide the desired effects. Regular Exercise Can.... * Increase levels of HDL * Lower high blood pressure * Improve body composition * Promote healthy blood sugar levels * Promote bone density * Boost immune system Risks of Not Enough PA Cardiovascular Disease * Causes over 200,000 deaths a year and accounts for 39% of all deaths * It is attributable to coronary heart disease (CHD) and about a third to a stroke Forms of Cardiovascular Disease Arteriosclerosis - Accumulation of fatty materials with the arterial walls caused by the oxidation of LDL (low density lipoproteins) ...read more.

Middle

The scarring tends to be a gradual process. The liver slowly loses its ability to function correctly * Liver failure can almost certainly lead to death Hypertension * Leads to a raised blood pressure * Alcohol produce acute hypertension in some patients probably via the increased adrenaline secretion. * Chronic alcohol consumption is one of the strongest predictors (sodium consumption being the other) of blood pressure. What is Binge Drinking? * Men who drink over 8 units of alcohol in a day * Women who consume over 6 units of alcohol in a day * 23% of men and 9% of women engage in 'binge drinking' * On Monday there is a peak in cardiovascular mortality and morbidity in countries with known weekend 'binges' Drinking in the 21st Century With social cultures changing there has been a rise in the culture of so called 'binge drinking' where people go out and drink a huge amount of alcohol in a short period of time. This is a serious issue within society today and more and more people are suffering from the effects of this, more people than not being the women suffering from this as with more women breaking the traditional stereotype leads to the way in which women drink today. Also within today's cultures a huge amount of underage drinkers are beginning to emerge which does not bode well for the future. What is Smoking? ...read more.

Conclusion

* Studies also link stress to changes in the way blood clots, which increases the risk of heart attack. Ulcers * An ulcer is an open sore of the skin, eyes or mucous membrane * Stress irritates ulcers to become more flared and painful * Gastric acid output is correlated with psychological distress * Psychological stress triggers many ulcers and impairs response to treatment Depression * Depression is a 'whole body' illness involving the body, mood and thoughts * It affects the way you eat, sleep and feel about yourself and the way you think about yourself * If a stressful experience causes a person to become depressed, it may happen indirectly * When you are stressed, your brain works differently. You are more likely to resort to 'All or Nothing' thinking, which causes catastrophising, and difficulties in solving complex problems Exercise and Stress The main thing is to find things and commit to doing them regularly * Repeating the same motion for a period of time has a relaxing effect similar to meditation. Rhythmic exercises that can provide this effect include swimming laps, walking and running * Some people enjoy exercises that focus on breathing and fluid movement such as yoga * Exercising in pairs, for instance dancing the tango or tennis * Exercise releases hormones such as catecholamines and glucocosticoids that help minimize the short-term disruptions of blood pressure and glucose metabolism observed during periods of stress * However exercise can also serve as an outlet for releasing negative emotions such as anger, frustration and irritability ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Humans as Organisms section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Humans as Organisms essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Investigate the effect of altitude training on the density of blood.

    4 star(s)

    = 1.24/0.74 = 1.68 Degrees of freedom = (nA - 1) + (nB - 1) = (10-1) + (10-1) = 18 Below is the T-test for Blood type A against Blood type C: Mock Blood A Observations (XA) Deviation Of Observation From Mean (XA - XA)

  2. Human biology short notes

    Gives rise clear sharp images Suitable for dim light vision (very sensitive to light) Suitable for bight light vision (not sensitive to light) Has a pigment called visual purple Has a pigment called iodopsine Ear Structure Function Outer Ear Ear Pinna/Oricle * Directs sound vibrations into the ear * Helps

  1. Stem Cell Research

    of the differentiation of cells.34 Many potential uses of stem cells are shown on the opposite diagram; all of which are discussed below. Firstly, and most importantly, a potential application of researching stem cells is the production of generations of tissues and even whole organs that could be used in

  2. Factors Affecting the Development of Coronary Heart Disease.

    However, new research from Mediterranean countries has found that drinking small amounts of wine regularly may be linked to their relatively low figures for the incidence of CHD. It has now been recognised by many, that small amounts of wine may be good for you.

  1. The Biological and Psychological Impact of Smoking Cigarettes

    The toxic chemicals in the cigarette smoke put the ciliated cells lining the lung tubes 'to sleep'(15). The chemicals also cause chronic inflammation in the large airways which are called the bronchial tubes. This leads to a marked increase in the size and number of mucus glands in the bronchial wall.

  2. Work related report

    They may also need to inject patients and for them to do this they will need to be steady and not shivering or shaking. If a nurse injects a patient whilst they are shivering then they may break the needle.

  1. Exercise has certain benefits on a person's health, and physical condition.

    Effects of Coronary Heart Disease Like any muscle, the heart needs a constant supply of oxygen and nutrients that are carried to it by the blood in the coronary arteries. When the coronary arteries become narrowed or clogged and cannot supply enough blood to the heart, the result is CHD.

  2. Biology smoking coursework. Should smoking be banned in public places?

    Below is a picture of a cigarette and its minerals. Benefits of smoking Smoking tends to have some benefits of its own. . Smoking has been consistently found to be a protective factor on epidemiological studies for Parkinson disease. The basis for such effect is not known but possibilities include an effect of nicotine as a dopamine stimulant.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work