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My aim is to find out how increasing the temperature of water effects its rate of reaction with alka seltzer. Alka Seltzer contains sodium bicarbonate, which reacts with waterproducing Carbon Dioxide. So we are really testing how the temperature...

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Introduction

The effect of increasing temperature on the rate of reaction between alka seltzer and water. Aim: My aim is to find out how increasing the temperature of water effects its rate of reaction with alka seltzer. Alka Seltzer contains sodium bicarbonate, which reacts with water producing Carbon Dioxide. So we are really testing how the temperature affects the rate that the water and Sodium Bicarbonate produce Carbon Dioxide. Prediction: I predict that the hotter the temperature of the water the faster the reaction will happen. I think this because if the water is hotter then the particles move around more quickly and they will collide with each other more often with more energy. Therefore more reactions are successful and the reaction takes place quicker. If the water is colder then the particles are moving slower and less collisions happen so the reaction takes longer. ...read more.

Middle

I am going to choose this range because it includes hot and cold temperatures and they have a steady increase. I will only change the temperature of the water and not change the amount of Alka Seltzer. If I get an anomaly in my results I will redo that part of the experiment to correct it. Method: Step1: Firstly gather equipment. Step 2: Heat a beaker of water to 5�c using the ice and the thermometer. Step 3: Measure out 10ml of water using the measuring cylinder. Step 4: Pour the 10ml of water into the film container and add 1/2 of an Alka Seltzer tablet. Step 5: Put on the lid and start the Stop Watch. Step 6: When the lid pops off stop the Stop Watch and record the time. Step 7: Repeat the Experiment 7 more times using the same temperature. ...read more.

Conclusion

The line of best-fit shows that the results for 30�c are anomalous. This could be because there were only four results and they ranged from 7 to 10 seconds. The reason behind this is some groups in the class had a stopwatch that didn't have milliseconds. Evaluation: I have compared my results with my prediction. My prediction was correct the rate of reaction does increase with a higher temperature. I think that my method was fair. My results could have been more accurate but they were accurate enough to show the correlation of the water and alka seltzer and reach a definite conclusion. If I was to do the experiment again I would use a gas syringe so you could measure the exact amount of gas produced in a set time. I could also crush the alka seltzer, because some of it was crushed and this increased the surface area making the reaction faster. Also you can weigh the alka seltzer so you have the same amount. ...read more.

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