• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Neanderthals. Neanderthals had a stocky and short appearance. They were commonly around five to six feet in height. Neanderthals walked upright. Their bones were thick and sturdy

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Jenny Neanderthals Neanderthals are an ancient species of hominid who inhabited the continents of Europe and Asia, but originated from Africa. They are believed to have appeared on Earth approximately 200,000 years ago and died out 30,000 years ago. The first example of the species was uncovered in 1856 when quarry workers mining for limestone in a cave in Neander Valley, Germany discovered a skull and other bone fragments. Initially, they were mistaken for bones of a caveman, an ape or a deformed human. The place of discovery of these bones is where the term "neanderthal" derived from. Their remains have since been found in various sites, primarily in Europe; fossils have been located in isolated areas in Russia and the Middle East. ...read more.

Middle

Neanderthals had a stocky and short appearance. They were commonly around five to six feet in height. Neanderthals walked upright. Their bones were thick and sturdy, and shoulders, legs, arms and necks were muscular. Scientists soon found out that the body of the Neanderthal was deformed due to arthritis. They had a slightly larger brain than us humans. Their physical form helped them adapt to their environment by conserving heat in cold temperature (similar to Inuit). Also, they had ridges that stuck over their eyes. Neanderthals are stereotyped as brutal, unintelligent, and uncivilized beings. Throughout time, our image of the Neanderthal has changed due to modern reconstructions. ...read more.

Conclusion

Neanderthals had good survival techniques, this meant that as well as fending for themselves they could take care of the elderly and ill. Fossil remains revealed serious injuries that had healed completely. Evidence has been found to show that Neanderthals intentionally buried the dead covered in flowers, with food and tools. This is thought of as strong evidence indicating that the Neanderthals had belief in the afterlife because they were buried with food and tools that were required for the afterlife. Recently, scientists have tested Neanderthal DNA that was recovered from skeletons that were extracted and have concluded that modern homosapiens (us) are not descended from neanderthals. However, there is a high possibility of a shared common ancestor that existed an estimated 550,000 years ago. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Living Things in their Environment section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Living Things in their Environment essays

  1. Compare and contrast the morphological features of Lamellibranches and Brachiopods

    A few forms of brachiopods were able to live partially buried just below the sediment surface (out of view from predators), by having the anterior margin of the shell extended into an upward curving "flange" or "trail". By having no siphon in their soft parts, the shell became adapted to serve a snorkel-like function.

  2. The comparison of bacterial content in a range of milks.

    These differences in growth appear due to gradients of oxygen, and nutrients, and toxic products within the colony. The colony edge, oxygen and nutrients are plentiful. The colony centre, of course, is much thicker than the edge. Consequently, oxygen and nutrients do not diffuse readily into the centre, and growth in the colony centre is slowed or stopped.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work