• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Neanderthals. Neanderthals had a stocky and short appearance. They were commonly around five to six feet in height. Neanderthals walked upright. Their bones were thick and sturdy

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Jenny Neanderthals Neanderthals are an ancient species of hominid who inhabited the continents of Europe and Asia, but originated from Africa. They are believed to have appeared on Earth approximately 200,000 years ago and died out 30,000 years ago. The first example of the species was uncovered in 1856 when quarry workers mining for limestone in a cave in Neander Valley, Germany discovered a skull and other bone fragments. Initially, they were mistaken for bones of a caveman, an ape or a deformed human. The place of discovery of these bones is where the term "neanderthal" derived from. Their remains have since been found in various sites, primarily in Europe; fossils have been located in isolated areas in Russia and the Middle East. ...read more.

Middle

Neanderthals had a stocky and short appearance. They were commonly around five to six feet in height. Neanderthals walked upright. Their bones were thick and sturdy, and shoulders, legs, arms and necks were muscular. Scientists soon found out that the body of the Neanderthal was deformed due to arthritis. They had a slightly larger brain than us humans. Their physical form helped them adapt to their environment by conserving heat in cold temperature (similar to Inuit). Also, they had ridges that stuck over their eyes. Neanderthals are stereotyped as brutal, unintelligent, and uncivilized beings. Throughout time, our image of the Neanderthal has changed due to modern reconstructions. ...read more.

Conclusion

Neanderthals had good survival techniques, this meant that as well as fending for themselves they could take care of the elderly and ill. Fossil remains revealed serious injuries that had healed completely. Evidence has been found to show that Neanderthals intentionally buried the dead covered in flowers, with food and tools. This is thought of as strong evidence indicating that the Neanderthals had belief in the afterlife because they were buried with food and tools that were required for the afterlife. Recently, scientists have tested Neanderthal DNA that was recovered from skeletons that were extracted and have concluded that modern homosapiens (us) are not descended from neanderthals. However, there is a high possibility of a shared common ancestor that existed an estimated 550,000 years ago. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Living Things in their Environment section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Living Things in their Environment essays

  1. The comparison of bacterial content in a range of milks.

    The second acetate layer of the graph highlights this-however this is a very general 'line of best fit' and a firm conclusion can no be made from it. The error bars on the graph are quite close together, which shows that the results are fairly accurate.

  2. Early Humans?

    scanning which reconstructed it at hundreds of different angles and showed what it would look like without cracks and distortions (Zollikofer et. al., 2005). Brunet and his colleague Pilbeam maintain that S. tchadensis walked upright and is the earliest hominin, but Wolpoff and the discoverers of O.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work