• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Oil Spills and How They Effect The Environment

Extracts from this document...


Oil Spills and How They Effect The Environment Oil spills, no matter how small or large, effect the worlds environment by their destroying and poisoning any habitat they come in contact with, mainly the water though. These spills can be devastating because they disrupt what we know as the food chain. The food chain starts with producers who are ate by small animals which are ate by larger and larger animals until the top predator is reached, humans. Oddly enough, humans are the main reason the food chain is being destroyed. In our fight to reach economic prosperity we rarely take in consideration the environment, which is partially what life is based on. If one part in this chain fails they all fail. ...read more.


Much of the oil sank to the ocean bed causing sedimentation, which is when the oil mixes with clay and other minerals on the seabed and causes a hard mixture that kills animals and organisms. Ships are not the only cause for oil spills though, oil plants can collapse and explode, too. In Mexico, 1979, the Ixtoc spilled an estimated 800,000 tons of oil into the water. Of this, about 10,000 caught fire. This causes smoke to pollute the air, and the ashes that were created were carried overland for hundreds of miles, killing animals and one or two humans. This is people when the air blew the ash miles away, because unknowingly drank polluted water and inhaled toxic air. ...read more.


In 1969, the United States Congress passed the National Environmental Policy Act requiring studies of the environment to be done before oil drilling or any other study that could potentially damage the environment. This act has helped the US make the world a much cleaner and safer place.3 Although we have these restrictions accidents still happen. In 2003 alone, there was 42,000 tons of oil spilled in 19 different spills. It is getting better from year to year, though. In comparison, in 195 there was around 34 spills that spills compared the previously mentioned 19 in 2003. In conclusion, I feel that more and more people are becoming educated about oil spills and their effects of the well being of animals and humans alike. They also learned that ships are not the only threats out there. It causes lots of trouble and other alternatives should be found immediately. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Living Things in their Environment section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Living Things in their Environment essays

  1. The comparison of bacterial content in a range of milks.

    - Make sure the tap is closed on the burette and place the funnel into the top and fill with Sodium Hydroxide-to the 0 mark (making sure the base of the meniscus lies on the top of the mark)

  2. Fungal Pathogens in Humans.

    Instead of forming tumours, however, Chromomycosis produces raised lesions with a scaly, dull, and red to greyish surface, which may become secondarily infected by other bacteria (Rippon 1974).

  1. Early Humans?

    They still consider Ardipithecus to be a hominin that is distantly related to modern humans. They believe it is ancestral to Australopithecus anamensis, a hominin found by Meave Leakey and her team (Leakey et.

  2. The effect of osmosis on potatoes

    Diagram: 1m 0.6m 0m Results: Concentration of sucrose solution (M) Length at the start (cm) Length after 20 minutes in the solution (cm) Change in length (cm) 1 2.0 2.1 0.1 0.6 1.9 2.1 0.2 0 1.8 2.0 0.2 Forming the chip shape potato pieces was quite difficult in this

  1. An Investigation into the water quality of the River Banwell in

    Lead causes disabilities and emotional disturbance in children. Thermal pollution is also being tested. Waste that is released from power stations, housing areas and industry may change the environment in the water. Toxic effects occur as gas solubility decreases as the temperature increases.

  2. Human activities can impose far-reaching effects on the environment

    Soil organisms, flying insects - which may feed on the plants, and disease-causing pathogens are killed by pesticides. Thus, humans radically alter natural ecosystems to produce agro-systems. This alters the nature and number of plant and animal species, the flow of energy and the cycling of nutrients.

  1. The effect of succession on diversity in heather moorland.

    or degenerate phase, where species number is only beginning to increase again in the form of mosses, grasses and lichens living between heather plants. I have tried to show this pattern on the graph. The drop-off at the end is for the burning of the heather.

  2. Oil Spill Essay. I will be contrasting the Deepwater Horizon and the Exxon ...

    This led to lots of animals dying and thirty-one species were affected. There are also some impacts from the Exxon Valdez oil spill right now. Since nobody was prepared for this oil spill, it made us more prepared for the Deepwater Horizon.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work