• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Oil Spills and How They Effect The Environment

Extracts from this document...


Oil Spills and How They Effect The Environment Oil spills, no matter how small or large, effect the worlds environment by their destroying and poisoning any habitat they come in contact with, mainly the water though. These spills can be devastating because they disrupt what we know as the food chain. The food chain starts with producers who are ate by small animals which are ate by larger and larger animals until the top predator is reached, humans. Oddly enough, humans are the main reason the food chain is being destroyed. In our fight to reach economic prosperity we rarely take in consideration the environment, which is partially what life is based on. If one part in this chain fails they all fail. ...read more.


Much of the oil sank to the ocean bed causing sedimentation, which is when the oil mixes with clay and other minerals on the seabed and causes a hard mixture that kills animals and organisms. Ships are not the only cause for oil spills though, oil plants can collapse and explode, too. In Mexico, 1979, the Ixtoc spilled an estimated 800,000 tons of oil into the water. Of this, about 10,000 caught fire. This causes smoke to pollute the air, and the ashes that were created were carried overland for hundreds of miles, killing animals and one or two humans. This is people when the air blew the ash miles away, because unknowingly drank polluted water and inhaled toxic air. ...read more.


In 1969, the United States Congress passed the National Environmental Policy Act requiring studies of the environment to be done before oil drilling or any other study that could potentially damage the environment. This act has helped the US make the world a much cleaner and safer place.3 Although we have these restrictions accidents still happen. In 2003 alone, there was 42,000 tons of oil spilled in 19 different spills. It is getting better from year to year, though. In comparison, in 195 there was around 34 spills that spills compared the previously mentioned 19 in 2003. In conclusion, I feel that more and more people are becoming educated about oil spills and their effects of the well being of animals and humans alike. They also learned that ships are not the only threats out there. It causes lots of trouble and other alternatives should be found immediately. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Living Things in their Environment section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Living Things in their Environment essays

  1. The effect of osmosis on potatoes

    and I poured the liquids into three separate, labelled plastic cups. Finally I added the pieces of potato to the water and, using a stop clock, timed the mixture for 20 minutes, before removing the chips of potato and weighing each of them to see if any alteration had been made to the mass of the portions of potato.

  2. An Investigation into the water quality of the River Banwell in

    The results for 2002 are worrying as the phosphate levels have increased from 1988 and the national average has declined dramatically. Sampling results: Mean Standard deviation Number of samples Grade Phosphates (mg/l) .22 .96 30 5 With a .16mg/l increase since 1988 this shows that on an environmental point of

  1. Early Humans?

    al., 1998), shortly after Ardipithecus was announced. A. anamensis is represented by 21 fossils, most of which are teeth, a humerus, and part of a tibia, which provides the oldest known evidence for hominin bipedalism. A. anamensis dates from about 3.9 to 4.2 million years ago and is considered to be the ancestor of A.

  2. Human activities can impose far-reaching effects on the environment

    Thus, the persistent types, such as DDT and other chlorinated hydrocarbons, remain available for absorption by higher animals (including human beings) and for causing harm to non-target organisms. For example the pesticide DDT accumulates in the fatty tissues of carnivorous animals, inhibiting cytochrome oxidase and limiting reproductive success (especially thin eggshells in birds of prey).

  1. Fungal Pathogens in Humans.

    1996). This is not a completely reliable identification method, however, since some dermatophytes do not glow. Following a procedure called hair baiting, detailed by John Rippon from the Pritzler School of medicine, I attempted to isolate Trichophyton tonsurans from soil. According to Rippon (1974), placing human hair on soil from a nutrient-rich area (such as a flower bed)

  2. The effect of succession on diversity in heather moorland.

    1) Find an area of heather for each of the following (see illustration below): * * Pioneer phase- small pointed plants on freshly burned ground * * Building phase- heather more mature- heather compact & dome-shaped, less other plants * * Mature phase- high, dome-shaped heather cushions * * Degenerate phase- high, straggly heather with big gaps 2)

  1. The comparison of bacterial content in a range of milks.

    The Phenolphthalein is unaffected by light, therefore it can be kept in a clear glass bottle-sealed with a droplet top attached. I have chosen to use a wide range of milks to test-each having a different heat process (and one without).

  2. Oil Spill Essay. I will be contrasting the Deepwater Horizon and the Exxon ...

    This led to lots of animals dying and thirty-one species were affected. There are also some impacts from the Exxon Valdez oil spill right now. Since nobody was prepared for this oil spill, it made us more prepared for the Deepwater Horizon.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work