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P1- Describe the major habitats found in Britain and the ecological factors that influence plant and animal distribution, giving appropriate examples

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P1- Describe the major habitats found in Britain and the ecological factors that influence plant and animal distribution, giving appropriate examples Urban habitat There are many Habitats within Britain however I feel that the Urban habitat is very dominating. Towns and cities are packed with buildings. Shops, offices, factories, schools, churches and houses are all man-made structures designed with people in mind, but which also provide an important refuge for wildlife in an urban environment Many animals that live in these areas are domestic; cats, dogs, hamsters, mice etc although a large proportion of animals living amongst us are feral, such as squirrels, hedgehogs, foxes and some species of rabbit, which many are known as 'vermin'. There are many areas in which our plants and animals survive: Churchyards A group of plants known as calcicoles are often found in churchyards. The soil is nourished by a combination of decomposing bones and lime, which leaches into the ground from the weathered headstones above. Limestone also provides ideal conditions for lichens and the golden yellow Xanthoria parietina. ...read more.


Cliffs built from soft rocks, like sandstone, are continually weathered away. This makes it difficult for plants to establish a foothold and impossible for large seabirds to nest. These softer cliffs attract burrow-nesting birds like puffins and sand martins, and invertebrate species such as mining bees, digger wasps and weevils will also establish colonies here. Rocky Beaches Rock pools are found at all levels of the rocky shore and the plants and animals that live in them must be able to cope with sudden changes in water temperature and salinity when the tides come in. Mountain habitat Britain has many hills but few really high mountain ranges. All of these areas are uplands, however, and share many features. A mountain is generally considered to be land that rises well above its surroundings to a summit, usually greater than 610m (2,000ft). About half of Britain is classified as upland and there are many species that thrive here and may not often be seen elsewhere: When snow covers the ground the mountain hare turns white so it blends in and cannot be easily seen by predators. ...read more.


The clarity of these waters shows how little plankton there is in the water. Ponds Ponds teem with life and support around 66% of the UK species that depend on a freshwater environment. Many of these species are rare or protected. As with other water bodies, a well-established habitat supports greater variety and larger quantities than a newer one, but even an artificial garden pond can quickly harbour a diverse range. Smaller ponds may not exist all year round, but may dry out in the summer. There are many hundreds of species that thrive in the fresh water environment however the most obvious specie is fish. Fish From tiny minnows and sticklebacks in ponds to monstrous pikes in lakes, Britain's fresh waterways contain many different fish. Some are easily spotted in clear, shallow water others give themselves away with characteristic ripples or leaps from the water. In fast-flowing water, you might find trout that are muscular and well-developed for swimming against the flow and salmon that have swum hundreds of miles uphill to their breeding grounds. Carp thrive in slow-flowing, warm water as they need a specific temperature in which to breed. Other habitats of Britain: Farmland, Woodland, and Grassland. - 1 - Essie Ryan ...read more.

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