• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Physics - Efficiency of a Fuel.

Extracts from this document...


Aliosha Likhoded G.C.S.E. Coursework Physics Efficiency of a Fuel Aim The aim is to find out what fuel is the most efficient by working out the amount of heat given out per gram. Planning In this investigation I will be burning fuels to heat up a beaker of water. I will be burning methanol, ethanol, propanol and butanol. Method * I will Measure 50cm of water in to a glass beaker and place the beaker into the grasp of the clamp stand. Then I will record the starting temperature of the water and weigh the spirit burner with the lid on. I will put the chosen fuel burner under the beaker and light the fuel then leave the fuel to burn for two minutes and record temperature of the water every 30 seconds. At the end I will record the final temperature of the water and weigh the spirit burner. I will record all results and to work out the efficiency of the fuel, the following formula will be used: Heat given out (C�) per gram = I will also record how black the bottom of the beaker is after the experiment on a scale of 1 to 10 to include this in my prediction and conclusion when talking about complete and incomplete combustion. ...read more.


Therefore the 50g value was used, as this temperature was right for the calculations. Also I used a Bunsen to support the fuel while it was burning but I found out that this was unfair test as this caused the wick to be different distances from the beaker every time. Using a clamp stand allows the experiment to be fair as the distance between the wick and the beaker can be kept the same for every fuel. Secondary Sources I used the Science: Double Award Modular by Mary James Revision guide, bbc.co.uk/bitesize/revision and gcsewise.com websites. Results Test 1 Temperature (C�) Fuel Start 30 sec 60 sec 90 sec 120 sec Change Weight at start (grams) Weight at end (grams) Grams used Temperature increase per gram (C�) Blackness (1 to 10) Methanol 18 21 25 31 39 16 157.70 156.29 1.41 11.3 0 Ethanol 19 27 29 33 38 19 230.73 229.55 1.18 16.1 0 Propanol 19 33 40 49 58 39 212.16 210.48 1.68 23.2 10 Butanol 19 22 28 28 35 16 223.18 222.55 0.63 25.4 7 Test 2 Temperature (C�) Fuel Start 30 sec 60 sec 90 sec 120 sec Change Weight at start (grams) ...read more.


However, one of the Butanol trails resulted in an odd result which is circled in my results table. Over two minutes of heating in the first trial the temperature of Butanol rose by 16 C� whereas in the second trial the temperature rose by 37 C� but the temperature increase per gram stayed roughly the same. I think this is because we used different fuel burners and they had different size wicks that affected it. The temperature increase per gram was a bit different because some of the heat was lost to the surroundings into the air and it was more significant 2nd time when there was less fuel used and so less temperature rise. If I was to do it again I would repeat the experiment more times to get even more reliable results and burn fuels for a bit longer. Improving insulation techniques would be a valuable asset in obtaining the most reliable data I could. Another error is that of incomplete combustion. To overcome this problem, I would have to make sure a sufficient supply of oxygen was involved in the reaction. I feel that this experiment could have been improved by comparing other hydrocarbons to the alcohol group such the alkane and alkene families. I could also work out the energy given out per mole using bond energies and compare this to my results. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Organic Chemistry section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Organic Chemistry essays


    METHANOL CH3OH ETHANOL CH3CH2OH PROPAN-1-OL CH3CH2CH2OH BUTAN-1-OL CH3CH2CH2CH2OH PENTAN-1-OL CH3CH2CH2CH2CH2OH ANALISING AND CONSIDERING EVIDENCE CALCULATIONS HEAT EVOLVED IN EACH ALCOHOL The formula to find the heat evolved is: (Rise in temperature ? mass of water ? 4.2) + (Rise in temperature ? mass of calorimeter ? specific heat of calorimeter)

  2. "Could Sainsbury's add value to their business by using an alternative fuel for their ...

    4.2 Biodiesel Biodiesel is probably the most environmentally friendly fuel as it is renewable and highly biodegradable. It does not accumulate and pollute soil and waterways, plus it is carbon neutral, which helps to improve local air quality. To run on biodiesel, diesel engines do not have to be modified, but using 100% biodiesel can create problems with engine performance.

  1. An Investigation into using Alcohol’s as Fuel Sources

    To calculate this we must first identify the structures of both the reactant molecules and the product molecules. Certain bonds between atoms require a specific amount of energy to break or make them. The example I have worked out is butanol the values of each bond is shown in the table, the bonds are taken from the structural equation.

  2. Which Alcohol is the best fuel?

    I decided this because it gave a good temperature change and is suitable. Using 200ml of water did not give as good of a temperature change and it was quite a lot of water, which did not heat up as much.

  1. The Combustion of Alchohols

    output by means of a practical experiment can be endlessly flawed in a variety of ways. Also to find the best one would involve comparing one to another. This is not as straightforward as it sounds. It would not be viable to simply burn equal masses of each fuel and see which one release most energy.

  2. This is a mini-project on fuel - topics include petrol and fossil fuels.

    * Conveyor belts take coal to shaft. * Supports hold roof and sides of tunnel in places. Formation of Coal 1. PREHITORIC SWAMP Coal began to form in swamps as long ago as 300 million years. Dying trees and other plants fell into water, and their remains became covered in mud.

  1. To compare the efficiency of different alcohols as fuel sources

    This is how you work out the heat of combustion for butanol. I have worked out the other fuels they are in the table later on. O2 ? 4 CO2 + 5 H2O H H H H H C C C C O H H H H H Reactant Product

  2. GCSE Chemistry Revision Notes - everything!

    Do not conduct electricity. Giant structure (e.g. silicon dioxide) Solids. High melting points. Insoluble in water and organic solvents. Do not conduct electricity. Metallic Giant structure (e.g. copper) Solids. High density (ions closely packed). Good electrical conductors (free electrons). Ionic compounds such as NaCl and MgO have high melting points and high boiling points because of strong electrostatic forces between ions.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work