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Religion and Medical Ethics.

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Introduction

RE Coursework: Religion and Medical Ethics. Ai. There are a number of treatments available to infertile couples. They are called: Artificial insemination, GIFT, ZIFT, ICSI, PID, Egg donation and Surrogate mothers. Egg donation involves one woman donating her egg to the woman that wants to have children. The donor must be at the same stage in her menstrual cycle as the recipient. Fertilisation takes place in a fine tube. Another treatment is called 'Artificial Insemination'. This can only be used if the man's sperm count is low. It deals with taking some semen samples so that all the gametes alive in each sample can be put together to be inserted in the woman when she ovulates. In Gamete Intra-Fallopian Transfer, short for GIFT the sperm and egg are gathered in a fire tube which is inserted into the woman's Fallopian Tube. Fertilisation then takes place naturally. ZIFT is also a treatment which involves bringing the sperm and egg together so that fertilisation can take place outside the body. The fertilised egg is then injected. ZIFT is short for Zygote Intra-Fallopian Transfer. IVF stands for 'In Vitro Fertilisation', it deals with putting the egg and sperm in a Petri dish. Once fertilisation occurs, the zygote (fertilised egg) is put in incubation for a few days. During this time it divides into about 8 identical cells. The zygote is now known as a blastocyst. The best blastocysts are transferred into the mother's womb. ...read more.

Middle

They believe that there are such organs like the heart which is a native part of a single human, which has been invented by God. Some Christians will not carry a donor card because they believe that it pays no attention to the sanctity of life and some Christians believe that transplanting organs from the lifeless to the living is God's role not humans. Most Muslims agree with this because the Qur'an says that God has created life and so to remove parts from one body from another is an action against God which is considered as a sin. Also the Shari'ah teaches that no part of a body should be separated after death. This is influenced by the Muslim belief in the sanctity of life. Hindus say that a person should not try and escape from the suffering that has come or is going to come to them by having a transplant because this is against the law of karma. The law of karma says that whatever happens to one is a result of their karma's (deeds). If one has done bad deeds/sins they will have to suffer the consequences. One major problem the Hindus are concerned with is that the people that do not have enough money might go to an extent where they will be willing to sell their organs or even be prepared to die so that it can supply money for the family. ...read more.

Conclusion

They are against the scientists who are trying to create life from stem cells. Some Hindus believe that genetic engineering can be viewed as harmful to the genetic make-up of a person. Hindus believe that it is the dharma of doctors to discover the genetic make-up of humans to improve and develop human life. Chandogya Upanishad 7.26.2 says "When a man sees, he sees no death, no sickness or distress. When a man rightly sees, he sees all". This Hindu quote suggests that genetic engineering should be investigated. Hindus too say that embryos cannot be regarded as potential human life until they are 14 days old. Some Hindus are opposed to any form of genetic engineering because genetic engineering is breaking the law of karma and because they believe in ahimsa. I am opposed to any form of genetic engineering because God has created living organisms they way he wanted so if we interfere we are going against God. Life is a test and we have freewill, I agree with the Hindus that genetic research is breaking the law of karma. This is because if a person has a disability then the person has to suffer it. The reason for the person having the abnormality in the first place is due to previous bad deeds and a person shouldn't try and escape from this because if they do they will have to suffer there punishment in the future. Hinduism, Islam, Christianity and Judaism all support genetic engineering to some extent because they all say that there is a variation between creating cells and creating people. Dolly Shah 11m - 1 - ...read more.

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