• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Report on Acid Rain - The Problem and Solution

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Report on Acid Rain The Problem of Acid Rain Acid rain is a well-known phrase that is being heard more and more often during the past few decades. We all know that it exists but many do not understand what it is. Acid rain is formed when several gases dissolve in rainwater to form acids. The most common natural acid forming gases are carbon dioxide and chlorine (from salt), which dissolve to form carbonic acid and hydrochloric acid. Carbonic acid is very weak, and little hydrochloric acid is formed, as chlorine is quite rare. ...read more.

Middle

Acid rain increases the corrosion of building materials and paints, including statues and sculptures that cannot be rebuilt. SO2 and NOx gases and their products can also damage visibility and harm peoples health. Solutions to the Problem The best way to combat acid rain is to reduce the amount of NOx and SO2 being released into the atmosphere. Catalytic converters in cars can reduce the emissions of NOx by up to 90 percent, but although they are standard in new cars, they cause more carbon dioxide to be released, which contributes to the greenhouse effect. ...read more.

Conclusion

Once the fuel has been burned, the SO2 can be removed from the gases. Most methods spray a mixture of limestone and water onto the gases. This reacts with the SO2 to form gypsum, a useful building material. Another option is not to burn fossil fuels, but to use alternative energy sources. Alternative energy sources such as solar or hydroelectric power can be used to produce "clean" electricity, but are still expensive. All of these methods for reducing acid gases are costly, and have disadvantages, but laws have been passed to force businesses to use them. This may seem like a drastic step to take, but acid rain is a very big problem. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Aqueous Chemistry section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Aqueous Chemistry essays

  1. The effect of Acid Rain on Seed Germination.

    seeds with little water were experiment 2, seeds with no light were experiment 3 and the seeds with water, warmth and light were experiment 4. Experiment 1: These seeds, after being left a few days, were only in the early stages of germination.

  2. Finding out how much acid there is in a solution.

    Methyl orange changes from red at pH 3.1 to yellow at pH 4.4. The colour change is very easy to see. * Make sure that you have a white tile, which is cleaned underneath the conical flask when the titration is taking place, so it is easier for you to see when the solution has changed colour.

  1. Acid Rain

    The Green House Effect This process as been important for life on earth, however now the increase of these gasses due to pollution has lead to the layer becoming larger and stopping more of the heat energy escaping into space, this causes the earth to slowly become warmer.

  2. Acid rain in Europe

    Case study: An investigation to show how acid rain is affecting Europe. What are the causes of acid rain? Acid rain was first found in Scandinavia in the late 1950's and at first it was thought to be a local problem, however, later it was discovered that the pollution was

  1. Acid Rain

    The wind then blows these acidic particles and gases onto buildings, cars, homes, and trees. However, dry deposited gases and particles can be washed from trees and other surfaces by rainstorms. When that happens, the runoff water adds those acids to the acid rain, making the combination more acidic than the falling rain alone.

  2. Acid Rain

    In less buffered soils, vegetation is effected by acid deposition because: * Increasing acidity results in the leaching of several important plant nutrients, including calcium, potassium, and magnesium. Reductions in the availability of these nutrients causes a decline in plant growth rates.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work