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Research in Genetic Engineering Should Be Halted. Discuss

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´╗┐Research in Genetic Engineering Should Be Halted "The tools of molecular biology have enormous potential for both good and evil. Lurking behind every genetic dream come true is a possible Brave New World nightmare" (Dudley 13). Although we all might not acknowledge it, these words hold the key to the future of mankind. The science of genetic engineering, also referred to as biotechnology, first came into the scientific realm in the 1970s. This recent technology offered a new way to manipulate an organism or a population of organisms. Researchers and scientists from around the world were thrilled at the upcoming knowledge that could answer many of their questions dealing with all aspects of genetics. The new genetic engineering technology was never meant to hurt individuals. On the contrary, it offered promises of manipulating the molecules that make up the genetics of living matter in order to benefit, even save, an individual's life. Although genetic engineering promises good fortune for the human race, many questions have been raised pertaining to issues concerning safety, necessity, and, most of all, morality of the entire enterprise. It has been shown through the years, that genetic engineering not only provides great risks to men, women, and children but also presents potential dangers to the environment. True, genetic engineering can have numerous medical advantages, but overall, it is a detrimental procedure to the advancement of humanity. The subject of genetic engineering performed on humans has achieved great acclaim as well as great opposition. Some people say that genetic engineering is beneficial to society while others argue that it should be halted. In order to fully understand this issue, it is important to look at both views in this controversy. ...read more.


Edwin Chagaff, Professor Emeritus of biochemistry at Columbia University Medical School, who says that "science is now the craft of manipulation, modification, substitution and deflection of the forces of nature" (Dudley 26). He warns, we are heading toward "human husbandry" in which embryos will be mass-produced for experimental purposes. "What I see coming is a gigantic slaughterhouse, a molecular Auschwitz, in which valuable enzymes, hormones and so on will be extracted instead of gold teeth" (Dudley 26). Jeremy Rifkin, a major critic of biotechnology, supports this view by asking, "Do we want our children to grow up in a world where the genes of plants, animals and humans are interchangeable and living things are engineered products with no greater intrinsic value than microwave ovens?" (Dudley 76). One can see that it is not wise to pursue genetic engineering studies. Cloning, a branch of genetic engineering, raises serious ethical issues. Its supporters believe that it would be incredibly useful to society if we had, let's say, one hundred Einsteins. Surely if one Einstein revolutionized our whole perception of the universe decades ago, wouldn't one hundred of them increase greatly the advancement of humanity? Although this sounds very convincing and beneficial, the cloning of humans would cause a downfall of the morals, ethics, and principles engraved in Americans by their founding fathers. If Einstein could be cloned, what about Hitler or Attila the Hun? "In theory, it is not inconceivable that, from a single living cell of Beethoven or Einstein, a new Beethoven or Einstein could be produced. The same would of course, apply to Attila the Hun or Hitler" (Vorspan 281). Under Hitler's rule millions of people died during the Holocaust. ...read more.


In return for securing our own physical well-being we are forced to accept the idea of reducing the human species to a technologically designed product. Genetic engineering poses the most fundamental of questions. Is guaranteeing our health worth trading away our humanity? (Dudley 78) Jeremy Rifkin's questions, although unanswerable need to be grappled with to ensure the safety of future generations. Essay Outline Introduction Genetic engineering began in the 1970s The recent technology offered a new way to manipulate an organism. Although genetic engineering promises good fortune for the human race, there are many questions pertaining to issues concerning safety, necessity, and most of all morality of the entire enterprise Thesis statement Although genetic engineering can have numerous medical advantages, it is overall a detrimental procedure to the advancement of humanity Opposing Viewpoint A. Prevents diseases B. Agricultural benefits C. Environmental benefits D. Benefits the elderly Supporting Arguments A. Negative effects on human health 1. New diseases 2. Genetic mutations are passed through generations B. Ethical concerns 1. Genetic Engineering allows the opportunity to tamper with nature and play God 2. Cloning C. Encourages discrimination 1. Insurance companies 2. Who should the genetic information about a person be given to? D. Risk to nature 1. Manipulated crops can be destructive with other species 2. The new bacteria can cause disruption on the ecosystem E. We do not have enough knowledge to genetically engineer 1. Genetic engineering is a very difficult procedure 2. Genetic damage to the fertilized egg might occur Conclusion Genetic engineering is detrimental to the development of our society. Tie in all important points. Genetic engineering is not scientifically possible, it is a risk to nature, discrimination, negative effects on human health, ethics, broad general statement on the topic, and there is too much at risk if we pursue with these studies. Research in Genetic Engineering Should Be Halted ...read more.

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3 star(s)

This work discusses many important issues well but interprets genetic engineering too widely. Many points are repeated and there are too many general statements not supported by examples, which is a pity considering the wealth of detailed and up to date information available.

Marked by teacher Adam Roberts 09/04/2013

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