• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Rosalind Franklin.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Sara Rowe Rosalind Franklin When you think of who discovered DNA, the names Watson and Cricke may come to mind. In reality, many other scientists' research lead to their discovery. That information was not necessarily given freely. When Watson saw a picture of DNA taken by Rosalind Franklin a "light bulb" went on. It was then that he realized exactly what it looked like and was able to publish his results. Unfortunately, Rosalind did not offer this information to Watson and Cricke. It was stolen from her. She did not receive credit for the work she had done with DNA and therefore has gone unnoticed in most biology classes. On July 25 1920, Rosalind Elsie Franklin was born in London England. She excelled in school, especially chemistry and biology. At the age of 15, Franklin had decided to become a scientist even thought her father wanted her to be a social worker. (Maisel,1) Her father disapproved of a University Education for women and initially refused to pay for admission. (Maisel, 1) Eventually he agreed to pay for, but only after constant pressure from her mother and aunt. (Sayre, 1) It was then that she attended Newnham College in Cambridge in 1938. (Maisel, 1) Following her years of education, she had many accomplishments in her career as a scientist. ...read more.

Middle

(Sayre, 1) Their first attempt was a failure. Watson and Cricke had built a three-chain DNA molecule with a backbone on the inside. So when they approached her with what they believed to be a correct model, "they were quickly deflated." Franklin pointed out they had provided "only a tiny fraction of the necessary water content." (Sayre, 1) For the next year Watson and Cricke did not work on the DNA molecule. (Parshall, 73) Following the attempt of a colleague to determine the evasive structure, Watson and Cricke began the process again. (Parshall, 173) Only this time they went to Wilkins for help. "When Watson came calling in January 1953, Wilkins revealed he had been quietly coping Franklin's data." When Watson saw one of the photos, his mouth fell open. Ultimately, trial and error produced a working model of DNA, but the information they used was based on Franklin's data. "It was March 7, 1953 that Cricke announced to the patrons of a local pub, that he and his confrere had found 'the secret of life.'" (Parshall, 173) Soon after, the results were published into an article in Nature, along with a supporting article from Franklin. (Maisel, 1) Rosalind Franklin continued her previous work. She collaborated on studies of the structure of the tobacco Mosaic Virus and also helped determine that RNA is a single-stranded helical molecule. ...read more.

Conclusion

(Assuming this would be possible.) Would it be unethical the clone in order to produce needed tissues or a certain blood type? Without Rosalind Franklin's work, this information would not have been discovered for at least several years until the technology caught up with the project. It is because of her work that we may one day be able to cure birth defects, cancer, or other genetically related diseases. Unfortunately she has not received the recognition she deserves for her contributions to the scientific field. She spent most of her short-lived life working in the laboratory and most biology classes do not attribute any of her hard work to her. She has greatly impacted the world and everyone's future. Stephanie Luchenfield 1. Were there any parts of the Paper that need to be more clearly explained? (ie scientific terms)? I am familiar with scientific terms so I understood what you were talking about. 2. Did it adequately explain why she was such an important person in history? Yes 3. Was it easy to follow? I found a lot of it hard to follow mainly because there were some parts that felt like I was reading a textbook. 4. What was your favorite part of the paper? I liked the part when you really explain the cloning process on regular terms by related what you were talking about with the sheep and the movie. . It was also where she "crossed paths" with Maurice Wilkins.(maire, 1) 2 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Variation and Inheritance section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Variation and Inheritance essays

  1. Should Cloning Human Beings be Legalised in the United Kingdom?

    In all these cases, the characteristics passed down to the child can be manipulated to eliminate defective genes and inherited disease. It will also enable parents to apply a complete set of guarantees such as intelligence and abilities in other areas to their unborn child.

  2. Genetics Research

    Meiosis Steps Division I - A Reduction Division Interphase -Chromosomes replicate just like in mitosis. Prophase I -Homologous chromosomes pair forming a tetrad (4 chromotids). -The process of pairing is called synapsis. Metaphase I Tetrads are pulled to the center of the cell forming an "Equatorial Plate".

  1. Should Biological Warfare Research Continue?

    as a weapon of mass destruction, their use may increase the likelihood of war. Another disadvantage is that it can't discriminate between people, so everyone gets infected. COUNTRIES PROGRAMME STATUS POSSIBLE AGENTS CANADA Former Programme Anthrax, brucellosis, rocky mountain spotted fever, plague, tularaemia, typhoid, yellow fever FRANCE Former Programme Potato

  2. Food Policy at a Crossroads, A World of Plenty or a World of Famine ...

    * Society - less pollution due to lower use of polluting chemicals, herbicides and pesticides; more sustainable and efficient agriculture; lower foods costs, especially in the developing nations; value added foods that contain vaccines, higher nutritive values and enhanced medicinal features.

  1. General Motors Social Responsibility Strategy.

    first company to install the catalytic converter in all cars sold in the U.S. They were also responsible for developing the catalytic converter. * In 1995, GM published the first industry paper on calculating recyclability of automobiles. (Other pioneers and leadership firsts can be found on the GM website. www.gm.com)

  2. Should Cloning Human Beings Be Legallised In the United Kingdom?

    Asexual species, on the other hand, tend to die off unless the process of cloning is involved. If the human race were to adopt this method of reproduction, which it is indeed possible, cloning would be a completely natural process.

  1. Research Project "Is Cloning Beneficial or Harmful?"

    some complications as Dolly the sheep died early as she suffered from a disease that only older sheep could get. Also before Dolly was able to be created, professor Wilmut?s team had tried 227 times until Dolly was created and Dolly also had numerous amounts of abnormalities.

  2. Evolution Revision Notes

    Human ABO blood groups are controlled by a single gene with three alleles. Continuous variation is variation in which there is a continuous range of values between two extremes (there are categories in the middle of a certain characteristic)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work