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Should Cloning Human Beings Be Legallised In the United Kingdom?

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Introduction

SHOULD CLONING HUMAN BEINGS BE LEGALLISED IN THE UNITED KINGDOM? To give people the power to create carbon copies or identical twins of themselves has long been a science fiction nightmare. Today technology enables us to copy all the genetic code of a cell and to even transplant the nucleus, which holds the individuals entire genetic information, into another. This "cloning" process, though intellectually fascinating, is at present illegal in the United Kingdom and has long been a controversial topic. Despite the benefits I, like many, see cloning as a gross infringement of human rights, a manipulation of the human race and an attempt to equalise man with God. In this essay I will explore the implications and attractions cloning has on society and the medical world, in an attempt to answer the question: should cloning human beings be legalised in the United Kingdom? While the cloning of human beings is specifically outlawed in the United Kingdom under the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act in 1990, many other countries worldwide are already putting the process into action. In the United States the medical profession has benefited significantly from the uses of cloning, from mutations to manipulations. Scientists have discovered that the manipulation of genes used in this process can be used to conquer various genetic diseases and defects for generations to come. It is estimated that the average person carries about eight defective genes in them. These defective genes allow people to become sick when they would otherwise remain healthy. Scientists believe that cloning technology will one day make it possible to ensure that we no longer suffer because of our defective genes and could enable people to be completely resistant to diseases such as AIDS and Cancer. ...read more.

Middle

Secondly, how can we say that cloning is against God's intentions? What are God's intentions? Neither does the Bible state any direct opposition to cloning, nor do we have the right to imply these beliefs onto those whose religious morality is not even an issue. The beliefs of some people should not deprive others of the benefits of cloning. Certain religious beliefs within society, such as those who think that taking antibiotics or receiving blood transfusions is wrong, do not restrict those of other religions and beliefs from receiving benefits from them. Therefore why should religion dominate over decisions to legalise cloning in the Unites Kingdom when there are far greater medical and social advantages? On the other hand, there are a number of compelling arguments that state that the cloning of human beings is morally and ethically wrong. Scientists and ethics alike have debated for many years on this topic. While some believe cloning is beneficial towards medical research, recent studies show that cloning may result in harmful physical abnormalities and the possibility of death. Research suggests that through cloning, at best, only one attempt in every hundred would succeed, producing large numbers of stillbirths, miscarriages and deformed children. Half of the cloned children that will come to term will die late in pregnancy or soon after birth. Any of the few babies who do survive, would probably bear at least one distinct sign of their birth, including an extremely large navel. This would be caused by the oversized umbilical cord that develops during the pregnancies of clones. Clones also tend to suffer from "Large Offspring Syndrome", a term used to describe the development problems that strike about 50% of cloned babies after birth or during pregnancy. ...read more.

Conclusion

Furthermore, many believe that the creation of babies through cloning is against God's will and against his true intentions. It is argued that God made man in his image with the intent for man to become one with God and to have almost as much knowledge and power. However, the Bible gives a substantial amount of evidence to oppose this statement. Firstly, people need to realise that our responsibility is to take care of God's world, including each other and not to manipulate each other in ways such as cloning. Secondly, we need to recognise that human life has a spiritual dimension and is therefore to be treated as a scared mystery, with the up most respect. Thirdly, we need to appreciate that if it was God's intent to allow man to create life then we should not abuse the gift of reproduction that is present within human nature by manipulating the process of reproduction to suit out needs. To conclude, though cloning could be used in various ways to benefit the lives of humans, I still believe it is dehumanising and is a disgusting attempt to become one with God. Due to the ethical and moral implications, cloning would be wrong for the human race to support or advocate. The sheer loss of life in humans is enough to prove that cloning would be a foolish endeavour whatever the cause. It is, however, inevitably going to take place for as long as the medical world continues to indoctrinate society and dominate over religion. I believe that if it does become legal, it could create a worldwide catastrophe that no one would be able to stop. The question we need to ask ourselves now is: will the human race be able to face the consequences of human cloning if it was made illegal? 1 ...read more.

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